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Information Technology

Literature Review on Information Technology: State Government Use and Management

In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Paul M. Chalekian offers the following summary about the topic of Information Technology: State Government Use and Management: The effective use and management of information technology (IT) is a major goal of every state. Almost all forms of government use some aspect of IT. Even within the most remote and rudimentary functions, attempts are made to try and improve efficiency. Personal computers are a standard tool and the use of spreadsheets is a common practice. As the numbers of Internet users increase, electronic government (e-government) portals have been developed as a way to reach those users. In terms of management, information resources must be cost-effective at a time when calls for fiscal accountability are pervasive. Various forms of governance exist, resulting in debates about whether or not to centralize a state’ IT resources. Unless otherwise noted, the references used will be about practices among the 50 American states. However, for many of the following concepts, the wider political term “state” could be interchanged. Although many variations in the use and management of IT exist, some common patterns of governance have been identified.

Developing Creativity and Learning Design by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Developing Contexts, the Law and other Social Sciences

This chapter has two aims: 1) to bridge the link between creativity, learning, information ecology and community of practice that underpins the theoretical necessity of contextual user-centered approach to learning design by ICT in developing contexts; and 2) to specifically discuss how a Human Computer Interaction for Development (HCI4D) based on learning design can be applied to provide the practical instrument for building creative learning environment in developing contexts. Theoretically, the chapter will build a new framework by using three prominent theories: creativity theories, information ecology and theory of communities of practice. this topic also has practical contributions to offer developmental scholars and project managers a vocabulary to address the process and learning issues in both formal and informal learning environments and opening up new ways for understanding creativity, learning and usages of ICT in a developmental context.[1]

Information Technology

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Notes and References

  1. Chunfang Zhou, Aparna Purushothaman, “Developing Creativity and Learning Design by Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Developing Contexts” (Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, 4th Edition, Information Resources Management Association, 2018)
  2. Entry about Information Technology: State Government Use and Management in the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy (2015, Routledge, Oxford, United Kingdom)

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  • Library
  • Law Library
  • Enterprise
  • Joint Enterprise
  • Legal Deposit
  • Public Law Library
  • Information Science
  • Legal Research
  • Study

ICTs, world politics, globalization, digitalization, political economy, global production networks, ICT governance

Further Reading

  • Information related to information technology in the Max Planck Encyclopedia of International Law(MPEPIL), Germany, United Kingdom
  • Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance (2018, Springer International Publishing, Germany)
  • Appadurai, A. (1996) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Bank for International Settlements (2001) Report on Consolidation in the Financial Sector. Basel: Bank for International Settlements.
  • Beniger, J.R. (1986) The Control Revolution: Technological and Economic Origins of the Information Society. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Benkler, Y. (2006) The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Bimber, B. (2003) Information and American Democracy: Technology in the Evolution of Political Power. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Borrus, M., and Zysman, J. (1997) Globalization with Borders. Industry and Innovation 4, 141–66.
  • Bourguignon, F., and Morrison, C. (2002) Inequality among World Citizens: 1980–1992. American Economic Review 92, 727–44.
  • Braman, S. (ed.) (2004) The Emergent Global Information Policy Regime. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan.
  • Braman, S. (2006) Change of State: Information, Policy, and Power. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Bricklin, M. (2000) Tom Friedman’s View of Globalization.
  • Cherry, C. (1980) On Human Communication: A Review, a Survey and a Criticism, rev. edn. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Cogburn, D.L. (2003) Governing Global Information and Communication Policy: Emergent Regime Formation and the Impact on Africa. Telecommunications Policy 27, 135–53.
  • de Sola Pool, I. (1983) Technologies of Freedom. Harvard, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Drezner, D.W. (2007) All Politics Is Global: Explaining International Regulatory Regimes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Ernst, D. (2005a) Complexity and Internationalization of Innovation: Why Is Chip Design Moving to Asia? International Journal of Innovation Management 9 (Mar.), 47–73.
  • Ernst, D. (2005b) The New Mobility of Knowledge: Digital Information Systems and Global Flagship Networks. In R. Latham, and S. Sassen (eds.) Digital Formations: IT and New Architectures in the Global Realm. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Ferguson, R.W., Jr. (1998) The Changing Banking Environment and Emerging Questions for Public Policy. Minneapolis, MN: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis (Jun.).
  • Franda, M. (2001) Governing the Internet: The Emergence of an International Regime. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
  • Friedman, T.L. (2000) The Lexus and the Olive Tree: Understanding Globalization. New York: Anchor.
  • Friedman, T.L. (2007) The World Is Flat: A Brief History of the 21st Century. New York: Picador.
  • Global Production Networks (2009) University of Manchester, School of Environment and Development. At www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/geography/research/gpn, accessed Aug. 2009.
  • Hall, P.A., and Soskice, D. (eds.) (2001) Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundation of Comparative Advantage. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Hanson, E.C. (2008) The Information Revolution and World Politics. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
  • Hart, J.A. (1993) Rival Capitalists: International Competitiveness in the United States, Japan, and Western Europe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Hart, J.A. (2005) The G8 and the Governance of Cyberspace. In M. Fratianni, J.J. Kirton, A.M. Rugman, and P. Savona (eds.) New Perspectives on Global Governance: Why America Needs the G8. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
  • Hart, J.A., and Kim, S. (2000) Power in the Information Age. In J.V. Ciprut (ed.) Of Fears and Foes: Security and Insecurity in an Evolving Global Political Economy. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • Innis, H.A. (1986) Empire and Communications. Vancouver: Beach Holme.
  • Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association (JEITA) (2007) Production Forecasts for the Global Electronics and Information Technology Industries. Tokyo: JEITA.
  • Katzenstein, P. (1978) Between Power and Plenty: Foreign Economic Policies of Advanced Industrial States. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Lessig, L. (1999) Code: And the Other Laws of Cyberspace. New York: Basic Books.
  • Lessig, L. (2001) The Future of Ideas: The Fate of the Commons in a Connected World. New York: Random House.
  • Lyon, D. (1994) The Electronic Eye: The Rise of Surveillance Society. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Macher, J.T., Mowery, D., and Di Minin, A. (2008) Semiconductors. In J.T. Macher, and D. Mowery (eds.) Innovation in Global Industries: US Firms Competing in a New World. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
  • Marlin-Bennett, R. (2004) Knowledge Power: Intellectual Property, Information and Privacy. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
  • May, C. (2002) The Information Society: A Skeptical View. Cambridge: Polity.
  • May, C., and Sell, S. (2005) Intellectual Property Rights: A Critical History. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
  • Milanovic, B. (2005) Worlds Apart: Measuring International and Global Equality. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Milner, H.V., and Keohane, R. (1996) Internationalization and Domestic Politics: An Introduction. In H.V. Milner, and R. Keohane (eds.) Internationalization and Domestic Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Mueller, M. (2002) Ruling the Root: Internet Governance and the Taming of Cyberspace. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Negroponte, N. (1995) Being Digital. New York: Knopf.
  • Norris, P. (2001) Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Panagariya, A. (2008) India: The Emerging Giant. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Prakash, A., and Hart, J.A. (2000) Coping with Globalization: An Introduction. In A. Prakash, and J.A. Hart (eds.) Coping with Globalization. New York: Routledge.
  • Rheingold, H. (1993) Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
  • Rheingold, H. (2002) Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus.
  • Ryan, M.P. (1996) Knowledge Diplomacy: Global Competition and the Politics of Intellectual Property. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Sala-i-Martin, X. (2002) The World Distribution of Income. NBER Working Paper, no. 8933.
  • Schonfeld, A. (1965) Modern Capitalism: The Changing Balance between Public and Private Power. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Sell, S.K. (1998) Power and Ideas: North–South Politics of Intellectual Property and Antitrust. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
  • Singh, J.P. (2008) Negotiation and the Global Information Economy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Spero, J.E., and Hart, J. (2010) The Politics of International Economic Relations, 7th edn. Boston, MA: Cengage.
  • Van Dijk, J.A.G.M. (2005) The Deepening Divide: Inequality in the Information Society. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Vedder, R., and Cox, W. (2007) The Wal-Mart Revolution: How Big Box Stores Benefit Consumers, Workers and the Economy. Washington, DC: AEI Press.
  • World Bank (2006) World Development Report 2006: Equity and Development. At https:/go.worldbank.org/UWYLBR43C0, accessed Aug. 2009.
  • Wunsch-Vincent, S. (2005) The WTO, the Internet, and Digital Products. Oxford: Hart.
  • Zittrain, J. (2008) The Future of the Internet and How to Stop It. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Zysman, J. (1977) Political Strategies for Industrial Order: State, Market and Industry in France. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Hierarchical Display of Information technology

Education And Communications > Communications > Communications industry
Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing > Computer systems > Impact of information technology
Production, Technology And Research > Technology and technical regulations > Technology > New technology
Industry > Industrial structures and policy > Industrial structures > Advanced technology industry
International Relations > International security > International conflict > War > Asymmetric warfare > Information warfare
Production, Technology And Research > Technology and technical regulations > Technology > Digital technology
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU office or agency > European Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Information technology

Concept of Information technology

See the dictionary definition of Information technology.

Characteristics of Information technology

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Translation of Information technology

Thesaurus of Information technology

Education And Communications > Communications > Communications industry > Information technology
Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing > Computer systems > Impact of information technology > Information technology
Production, Technology And Research > Technology and technical regulations > Technology > New technology > Information technology
Industry > Industrial structures and policy > Industrial structures > Advanced technology industry > Information technology
International Relations > International security > International conflict > War > Asymmetric warfare > Information warfare > Information technology
Production, Technology And Research > Technology and technical regulations > Technology > Digital technology > Information technology
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU office or agency > European Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice > Information technology

See also

  • Communications technology

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