Information Technology

Literature Review on Information Technology: State Government Use and Management In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Paul M. Chalekian offers the following summary about the topic of Information Technology: State Government Use and Management: The effective […]

Nuclear War

Hierarchical Display of Nuclear war International Relations > International security > International conflict > War
Energy > Electrical and nuclear industries > Nuclear industry > Nuclear technology
International Relations > Defence > Military equipment > Weapon of mass destruction > […]

Frontier

A Shot across the Frontier: International Incident In the book "International Incidents for Discussion in Conversation Classes", in relation to this subject, L. Oppenheim wrote in 1909: On Sept. 26th, 1887, a German soldier, on sentry duty at the frontier near Vexaincourt, fired a […]

Computer System

Hierarchical Display of Computer system Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing
Production, Technology And Research > Research and intellectual property > Research > Research method > Simulation
International Relations > International security > […]

Nuclear Technology

Hierarchical Display of Nuclear technology Energy > Electrical and nuclear industries > Nuclear industry
Energy > Energy policy > Energy policy > Energy law > Nuclear law
International Organisations > European organisations > European organisation > CERN
Production, Technology And […]

Ethnic Cleansing

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on ethnic cleansing explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Resources Further Reading The entry "ethnic cleansing" in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law […]

Asymmetric Warfare

Hierarchical Display of Asymmetric warfare International Relations > International security > International conflict > War
Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence > Terrorism Asymmetric warfare Concept of Asymmetric warfare See the dictionary definition of […]

Neutrality

Neutrality Definition Neutrality may be defined, in international law, as a legal status of a state that adheres to a policy of nonengagement during war. See more about the definition of neutrality here. Introduction The rules covering wartime relations between a neutral and a […]

Terrorism

What is Terrorism? Government Definitions of Terrorism Introduction to Terrorism Legal statutes in most countries around the world regard terrorism as a crime. Yet there is considerable variation in how these laws define terrorism, even in countries whose laws derive from a common origin. […]

Border War

Hierarchical Display of Border war International Relations > International security > International conflict > War
Law > International law > Public international law > Territorial law > Frontier Border war Concept of Border war See the dictionary definition of Border war. Characteristics of […]

War

Introduction to War War, in international law, armed conflict between two or more governments or states. When such conflicts assume global proportions, they are known as world wars. War between different parts or factions of the same nation is called civil war. A rebellion is not legally […]

Chemical Weapon

Traditionally, a chemical weapon (CW) is thought of as a toxic chemical loaded into a delivery system such as a munition (i.e., a complete device for exposing a population to a substance that can cause death or other injuries through its chemical action). The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) […]

Peace

International Law: Matters of International Concern: Peace and Security Introduction to Peace Among the central aims of the UN are the maintenance of peace and security and the suppression of acts of aggression. The principles of the UN Charter prohibit the use of force to settle disputes and […]

Concentration Camp

Hierarchical Display of Concentration camp Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence
Law > Rights and freedoms > Rights of the individual > Slavery
International Relations > International security > War victim
Law > Rights and freedoms > Human rights > […]

Information Warfare

Literature Review on Information Warfare In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Alan Chong offers the following summary about the topic of Information Warfare: Information warfare is a systematic attempt to penetrate the enemy's secrecy and to displace his […]

Civil War

The Case of the Trent: International Incident In the book "International Incidents for Discussion in Conversation Classes", in relation to this subject, L. Oppenheim wrote in 1909: On Nov. 8th, 1861, during the American Civil War, the Federal cruiser San Jacinto stopped the British […]

National Independence

Hierarchical Display of National independence International Relations > International affairs
Politics > Politics and public safety > Trends of opinion > Autonomous movement
Law > International law > Public international law > National sovereignty
International Relations > […]

Nuclear Weapon

Nuclear Nonproliferation In relation to the international law practice and nuclear nonproliferation in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section: Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nonproliferation About this subject:

Nuclear Security

Note: there is detailed […]

Public Opinion

Public Opinion and the United Nations Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including Public Opinion, H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including Public Opinion, Boczek, Boleslaw Adam […]

Customary International Humanitarian Law

Customary International Humanitarian Law Sources of international humanitarian law The sources are: International Humanitarian Law treaties. International Humanitarian Law is … Read more

Conflict

Concept of Conflict An introductory definition of Conflict is provided here: perceived rival and incompatible claims over some desired "good" Resources See Also Foregin Policy Foreign Affairs Resources See Also War War War Peace Preservation Breach of the Peace War Crimes Peace

Armed Conflict

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on armed conflict explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict In relation to the international law practice and Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in this […]

Aggression

Summary of Aggression

Unlawful acts on the part of a state or group of states directed at coercing another state or undermining its sovereignty. Aggression cannot be defined precisely in legal terms suitable for universal use; however, aggressive behavior is defined in some international […]

Peacebuilding

Peacebuilding in the Context of Peacemaking Definition of Peacebuilding published by the United Nations: Initiatives that foster and support sustainable structures and processes which strengthen the prospects for peaceful coexistence and decrease the likelihood of the outbreak, reoccurrence or […]

War Crimes Trials

Introduction to War Crimes Trials

War Crimes Trials, trials of persons charged with criminal violation of the laws and customs of war and related principles of international law.

The first war crimes trials in modern times were held after World War II (1939-1945) by the victorious All…

War Crimes Trials Effects

Introduction to War Crimes Trials Effects

The Nürnberg and other war crimes trials were a notable step in the evolution of international penal law. The standing of the trials suffered sharply, however, because the proceedings were carried out under auspices of victorious powers and the …

World War II Trials

War Crimes Trials Other World War II Trials

Introduction to World War II Trials

Another war crimes trial was held under international authority in Tokyo. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East was constituted under the authority of a charter promulgated on January 19, 1…

Sierra Leone Tribunal

War Crimes Trials Sierra Leone Tribunal

Introduction to Sierra Leone Tribunal

In 2002 the UN and the Sierra Leone government jointly established a war crimes tribunal, the Special Court for Sierra Leone, to try individuals who had committed atrocities during Sierra Leone's civil …

Nürnberg First Trial

War Crimes Trials Nürnberg Trials Conclusions of the First Trial

Introduction to Nürnberg First Trial

The judgment of the International Military Tribunal was handed down on September 30-October 1, 1946. Among notable features of the decision was the conclusion, in accordanc…

Nürnberg Trials

War Crimes Trials Nürnberg Trials

Introduction to Nürnberg Trials

The most important war crimes trials following World War II were held in Nürnberg, Germany, under the authority of two legal instruments. One, the so-called London Agreement, was signed by representative…