Economic Growth

Futureless Economic Growth (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Futureless Economic Growth means: Futureless growth that is accompanied by a waste of economic and natural resources needed to sustain life for future generations. Ruthless Economic Growth (in the Human Development […]

Information Technology

Literature Review on Information Technology: State Government Use and Management In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Paul M. Chalekian offers the following summary about the topic of Information Technology: State Government Use and Management: The effective […]

Unemployment

Unemployment (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Unemployment means: refers to all people above a specified age who are not in paid employment or self-employed, but are available for work and have taken specific steps to seek paid employment or self-employment. Long-term […]

Poverty

The Legal History of Poverty This section provides an overview of Poverty Human Poverty Index For Selected High-incomeoecd Countries (hpi-2) (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Human Poverty Index For Selected High-incomeoecd Countries (hpi-2) means: _ composite index measuring […]

Welfare

Introduction to Welfare Welfare, programs aimed at helping people unable to support themselves fully or earn a living. Welfare recipients include elderly people, people with mental or physical disabilities, and those needing help to support dependent children. People in the United States most […]

Tax

Other Popular Tax Definitions in the World Legal Encyclopedia Adjusted Gross Income (sometimes, including Tax) Ad Valorem Tax (sometimes, including Tax) Alternative Minimum Tax (sometimes, including Tax) Big Four (audit firms) (sometimes, including Tax) Black Market (sometimes, including Tax) […]

Fiscal Policy

Other Popular Tax Definitions in the World Legal Encyclopedia Adjusted Gross Income (sometimes, including Fiscal Policy) Ad Valorem Tax (sometimes, including Fiscal Policy) Alternative Minimum Tax (sometimes, including Fiscal Policy) Big Four (audit firms) (sometimes, including Fiscal Policy) […]

Social Policy

Social Policy (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Social Policy means: legislative, institutional, budgetary support to achieve objectives in the field of human welfare, to protect the interests of socially vulnerable layers of such socially important areas as health, education, […]

Regulation

The Legal History of Regulation This section provides an overview of Regulation Public, Regulation From the book The Clergyman's Hand-book of Law, about Public, Regulation (1): The right to bury in a public cemetery is a privilege or license that is subject to municipal regulation, and […]

Welfare State

Concept of Welfare State Note: explore also the meaning of this legal term in the American Ecyclopedia of Law. Literature Review on Welfare State In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Paul B. Kirby offers the following summary about the topic of Welfare State: […]

Competition

The Legal History of Competition This section provides an overview of Competition Concept of Competition Note: explore also the meaning of this legal term in the American Ecyclopedia of Law. Introduction This entry provides an overview of the legal framework of competition, with a description […]

Public Policy

Political Science: Fields in Political Science: Public Policy Introduction to Public Policy The field of public policy involves the study of specific policy problems and governmental responses to them. Political scientists involved in the study of public policy attempt to devise solutions […]

Monetary Policy

Monetary Policy (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Monetary Policy means: the complex of actions aiming to regulate the money supply in a country. By changing banking interest rate, or acting on open securities' market, a government either enlarges or diminishes inflow of […]

Economic Policy

Concept of Economic Policy Note: explore also the meaning of this legal term in the American Ecyclopedia of Law. Resources See Also Political Economy Public Policy Resources See Also Social Policy Social Development Sociology Public Policy Social Law

Exchange Rate

Exchange Rate in International Trade Meaning of Exchange Rate, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The price of one currency expressed in terms of another, i.e., the number of units of one currency that may be exchanged for one unit of another currency. […]

International Intellectual Property Protection

The Impact of Preferential Trade Agreements on IPR Protection This section provides an overview of the impact of preferential trade agreements on ipr protection within the legal context of Intellectual Property Protection in international economic law, with coverage of The Protection of […]

Combating Poverty

Combating Poverty in International Economic Law In international economic law, combating poverty includes the following legal areas, with coverage in this world legal encyclopedia: li> Aid for Trade Initiative Technology Transfer IMF Facilities Microfinance Debt Relief Sovereign Debt […]

Crisis Situations

Literature Review on Ethics and Crisis Situations In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Carole L. Jurkiewicz offers the following summary about the topic of Ethics and Crisis Situations: organizational concerns in times of crisis are necessarily focused on […]

Pluralism

Political Pluralism in Election Law The degree to which a political system, as a result of freedom of association, allows the formation of different types of political bodies, including organised groups and political parties. Political Perspective Democy and Nationalism Most political […]

Capitalism

Capitalism, economic system in which private individuals and business firms carry on the production and exchange of goods and services through a complex network of prices and markets. Although rooted in antiquity, capitalism is primarily European in its origins; it evolved through a number of […]

Laissez-faire

Laissez Faire Summary of Laissez Faire

A doctrine that government should refrain from any form of trade regulation, leaving productivity and distribution of wealth purely to market forces and individual industry. The concept arose around the beginning of the eighteenth century in France, […]

Subsidy

Summary of Subsidy

A payment or other emolument prodded by a governmental authority for the purpose of advancing an economic objective defined as being in the public interest. Usually the object is to make available certain goods or services that, in the absence of a subsidy to the […]

Communication

Related Fields Related topics include: Communication Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Information Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Related Fields Related topics include: Communication Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Information Find […]

Transnational Corporations

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on transnational corporations explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Resources Further Reading The entry "transnational corporations" in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of […]

Income Poverty Line, Population Below

Population Below Income Poverty Line (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Population Below Income Poverty Line means: percentage of the population living below the specified poverty line (PPP $1.25 a day and the national poverty line). The national poverty line is the poverty […]

Political Economy

International Political Economy The Study of International Political Economy Liberalism and Mercantilism Introduction to International Political Economy: The Study of International Political Economy Liberalism and Mercantilism Advocates of liberal policies in international economics support […]

Transnational Organized Crime

Transnational Organized Crime Transnational organized crime (TOC) poses a significant and growing threat to national and international security, with dire … Read more

Comparative Advantage

Revealed Comparative Advantage and International Trade Economy In relation to international trade economy, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of Revealed Comparative Advantage: A measure of relative competitive performance of a country's exporters of a particular […]

Transnational Organized Crime Rewards Program

Transnational Organized Crime Rewards Program in 2013 United States views on international law [1] in relation to Transnational Organized Crime Rewards Program: As discussed in section 3.C.1.a., in this world legal Encyclopedia, President Obama signed the Department of State Rewards […]