Cross-border Cooperation

Hierarchical Display of Cross-border cooperation International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy
Economics > Regions and regional policy > Economic region > Frontier region
Economics > Regions and regional policy > Regional policy > EU regional policy > European […]

Clean Development Mechanism

Hierarchical Display of Clean development mechanism Environment > Environmental policy > Climate change policy
Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development > Developing countries
International Relations > International affairs > International instrument > International […]

International Trade

International Political Economy Trends: International Trade Introduction to International Trade In the 21st century, international trade has grown to 20 percent of the world's total production of goods and services-around $6.5 trillion per year. This volume of trade is almost seven times […]

Permanent Representation to the EU

Hierarchical Display of Permanent representation to the EU International Relations > International affairs > International affairs > Diplomatic relations > Diplomatic representation
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > Council of the European Union […]

Export Monitoring

Hierarchical Display of Export monitoring Trade > Trade policy > Export policy
International Relations > International security > International security > Non-proliferation of arms
International Relations > Defence > Arms policy > Arms trade
Social Questions > Culture and religion > […]

Bilateral Agreement

In general, any treaty, protocol, or understanding between two nations. The term has particular application in the area of commercial air transportation, where a bilateral agreement is an understanding between two countries permitting the commercial aircraft of one nation to land in and carry […]

Know-how

Technical expertise that a firm has acquired through its operations and to which it has proprietary rights, whether the knowledge is patented or not. This expertise may consist of blueprints, plans, and manuals, as well as technical assistance….

Environmental Protection

Communities of all sizes, from townships to the national government, establish laws that govern how individuals acting within the community are to conduct themselves. The environment is arguably one of the newest considerations to be decided by and incorporated into the body of the law. The […]

Public International Law

Summary of Public International Law The body of international law that governs the conduct of a nation as a sovereign entity in its relations with other nations. It does not deal with the international activities of private individuals or firms. (Main Author: William J. Miller) […]

European Convention on Human Rights

Introduction The European Convention on Human Rights was a reaction against the horrific abuses of human rights that took place before and during the Second World War, followed by further abuses occurring within the newly formed Communist block. These led, in 1949, due in part to the […]

Kurdistan Question

Hierarchical Display of Kurdistan question International Relations > International security > International issue
Geography > Political geography > Council of Europe countries > Turkey
Geography > Economic geography > CAEU countries > Iraq
Geography > Economic geography > Iran […]

West Bank Question

Hierarchical Display of West Bank question International Relations > International security > International issue
Geography > Economic geography > CAEU countries > Palestine
Geography > Economic geography > Mediterranean third countries > Israel West Bank question Concept of West Bank […]

Russia

English translations of Russian Federation laws are published in the Central & Eastern European Legal Materials series by Columbia University's Parker School of Foreign and Comparative Law. Russian economic laws are available on Lexis. For more information and resources see: […]

Weapon of Mass Destruction

Hierarchical Display of Weapon of mass destruction International Relations > Defence > Military equipment
International Organisations > World organisations > World organisation > Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons Weapon of mass destruction Concept of Weapon of mass […]

Information Technology

Literature Review on Information Technology: State Government Use and Management In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Paul M. Chalekian offers the following summary about the topic of Information Technology: State Government Use and Management: The effective […]

UNRWA

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on unrwa explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Resources See Also International Organization Foreign Relations Organization United Nations United Nations System Resources Further Reading The entry […]

Bilateral Relations

Hierarchical Display of Bilateral relations International Relations > International affairs > International affairs
International Relations > International affairs > International agreement > Bilateral agreement
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy > […]

Standardisation

Hierarchical Display of Standardisation Production, Technology And Research > Technology and technical regulations > Technical regulations
Trade > International trade > Trade restriction > Non-tariff barrier > Technical barrier
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation […]

EU Police Cooperation

Hierarchical Display of EU police cooperation European Union > European construction > European Union > Area of freedom, security and justice
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy > Customs cooperation
Law > International law > Public international law > Free […]

Protection of Communications

Hierarchical Display of Protection of communications Law > Rights and freedoms > Rights of the individual > Protection of privacy
Education And Communications > Information and information processing > Information policy > Access to information > Confidentiality
International Relations > […]

Nuclear War

Hierarchical Display of Nuclear war International Relations > International security > International conflict > War
Energy > Electrical and nuclear industries > Nuclear industry > Nuclear technology
International Relations > Defence > Military equipment > Weapon of mass destruction > […]

Common Foreign and Security Policy

Common Foreign And Security Policy Common Foreign and Security Policy of European Union at the United Nations Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including Common Foreign and Security Policy , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG […]

International Sanctions

Cross References of Sanctions, Export Controls, International Restrictions in International Law United Nations resolution condemning Iran-supported plot against Saudi ambassador, information on International Criminal Law in this legal Encyclopedia.B.1.b. Designation of Foreign Terrorist […]

Status of Berlin

Hierarchical Display of Status of Berlin International Relations > International security > International issue
Geography > Economic geography > Comecon countries > German Democratic Republic
Geography > Economic geography > EU Member State > Germany
International Relations > […]

Scientific Exchange

Hierarchical Display of Scientific exchange International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy > Scientific cooperation
Social Questions > Culture and religion > Cultural policy > Cultural relations
Production, Technology And Research > Research and intellectual property > […]

Self-sufficiency in Food

Hierarchical Display of Self-sufficiency in food International Relations > International affairs > National independence
Social Questions > Health > Health policy > Organisation of health care > Agricultural production policy Self-sufficiency in food Concept of Self-sufficiency in food See […]

Economic Convergence

Hierarchical Display of Economic convergence Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy > Economic cooperation
Finance > Public finance and budget policy > Budget policy > Stability programme
Finance > Monetary […]

Ukraine

Legal Materials For information on Ukrainian legal materials, see the A Research Guide to Ukrainian Law by Alexander Biryukov & Myroslava Kryvonos. See also the Guide to Law Online: Ukraine and the multi-national sources discussed in the "Foreign Law" entry of this Guide. […]

Western European Union

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on western european union explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Western European Union and the European Union Resources See Also International Organization Foreign Relations Intergovernmental […]

Foreign Policy

COREU (CORespondance EUropéenne) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of COREU (CORespondance EUropéenne) provided by the European Union Commission: Coreu is an EU communication network between the Member States and the Commission for cooperation in the fields of […]

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Area of freedom, security and justice and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Area of freedom, security and justice provided by the European Union Commission: It was decided to establish an area of freedom, security and justice, the aim being to ensure genuine freedom of movement […]