Mass Media

Mass Media

Political Agenda Setting and the Mass Media

Mass Media and the Policy Process


Notes and References

See Also

  • Media
  • Propaganda
  • Media Law
  • Entertainment Law

Further Reading

  • Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance (2018, Springer International Publishing, Germany)
  • Bachrach, P., & Baratz, M. S. (1962). Two faces of power. American Political Science Review, 56(4), 947–952.
  • Baumgartner, F., & de Boef, S. (2008). The decline of the death penalty and the discovery of innocence. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.
  • Baumgartner, F., & Jones, B. (1993). Agendas and instability in American politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Baumgartner, F., & Jones, B. (2015). The politics of information: Problem definition and the course of public policy in America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press
  • Baumgartner, F. R. (2001). Political agendas. In P. B. Baltes & N. J. Smelser (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 17, Political Science (pp. 288–290). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
  • Bennett, W. L. (1990). Toward a theory of press-state relations in the United States. Journal of Communication, 40(2), 103–127.
  • Bennett, W. L., Lawrence, R. G., & Livingston, S. (2006). None dare call it torture. Journal of Communication, 56, 367–485.
  • Boydstun, A. E. (2013). Making the news: Politics, the media, and agenda setting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Burstein, P. (2003). The impact of public opinion on public policy: A review and an agenda. Political Research Quarterly, 56(1), 29–40.
  • Canel, M. J., Llamas, J. P., & Rey-Lennon, F. (1996). El Primer Nivel del Efecto Agenda-Setting en la Información Local: Los“ Problemas Más Importantes” de la Ciudad de Pamplona. Communication & Society, 9(1&2), 17–37.
  • Cobb, R. W., & Elder, C. D. (1971). The politics of agenda-building: An alternative perspective for modern democratic theory. The Journal of Politics, 33(4), 892–915.
  • Cobb, R. W., & Elder, C. D. (1983). Participation in American politics: The dynamics of agenda-building (2d ed.). Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press
  • Cohen, M. D., March, J. G., & Olsen, J. P. (1972). A garbage can model of organizational choice. Administrative Science Quarterly, 17(1), 1–25.
  • Coleman, R., & Banning, S. (2006). Network TV News’ Affective Framing of the Presidential Candidates: Evidence for a Second-Level Agenda-Setting Effect Through Visual Framing. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 83(2), 313–328.
  • de Vreese, C. H. (2004). Primed by the euro: The impact of a referendum campaign on public opinion and evaluations of government and political leaders. Scandinavian Political Studies, 27(1), 45–64.
  • Entman, R. M. (1989). How the media affect what people think: An information processing approach. The Journal of Politics, 51(2), 347–370.
  • Erikson, R. S., Wright, G. C., & McIver, J. P. (1993). Statehouse democracy: Public opinion and policy in the American states. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Funkhouser, G. R. (1973). Trends in media coverage of the issues of the’ 60s. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 50(3), 533–538.
  • Ghanem, S. (1997). Filling in the tapestry: The second level of agenda setting. In M. E. McCombs, D. L. Shaw, & D. H. Weaver (Eds.), Communication and democracy: Exploring the intellectual frontiers in agenda-setting theory (pp. 3–14). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Ghanem, S. (1996). Media coverage of crime and public opinion (PhD Diss.). The University of Texas at Austin.
  • Groseclose, T., & Milyo, J. (2005). A measure of media bias. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(4), 1191–1237.
  • Guo, L., Vu, H. T., & McCombs, M. (2012). An expanded perspective on agenda-setting effects. Exploring the third level of agenda setting. Revista de Comunicación, 11, 51–68.
  • Green-Pedersen, C., & Stubager, R. (2010). The Political Conditionality of Mass Media Influence: When Do Parties Follow Mass Media Attention? British Journal of Political Science, First View, 1–15.
  • Hackett, R. A. (1984). Decline of a paradigm? Bias and objectivity in news media studies. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 1(3), 229–259.
  • Iyengar, S., & Kinder, D. (1987). News that matters: Television and American opinion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Reprinted in 2010.
  • Jenner, E. (2012). News photographs and environmental agenda setting. Policy Studies Journal, 40(2), 274–301.
  • Jones, B. (2001). Politics and the architecture of choice: Bounded rationality and governance. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Jones, B. D. (2003). Bounded rationality and political science: Lessons from public administration and public policy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 13(4), 395–412.
  • Jones, B. D., & Wolfe, M. (2010). Public policy and the mass media: An information processing approach. In S. Koch-Baumgarten & K. Voltmer (Eds.), Public Policy and the Media (pp. 17–43). London: Routledge.
  • Kingdon, J. (1984). Agendas, alternatives, and public policies. Boston: Little, Brown.
  • Lippman, W. (1922). Public opinion. New York: Harcourt, Brace.
  • Lopez-Escobar, E., Llamas, J. P., McCombs, M., & Lennon, F. R. (1998). Two levels of agenda setting among advertising and news in the 1995 Spanish elections. Political Communication, 15(2), 225–238.
  • McCombs, M. E., Lopez-Escobar, E., & Llamas, J. P. (2000).Setting the agenda of attributes in the 1996 Spanish General Election. Journal of Communication, 50(2), 77–92.
  • McCombs, M. (2004). Setting the agenda: The mass media and public opinion. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity.
  • McCombs, M., & Ghanem, S. I. (2001). The convergence of agenda setting and framing. In S. D. Reese, O. H. Gandy, & A. E. Grant (Eds.), Framing public life: Perspectives on media and our understanding of the social world (pp. 67–81). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • McCombs, M., & Reynolds, A. (2009). How the news shapes our civic agenda. In J. Bryant & D. Zillmann (Eds.), Media effects: Advances in theory and research (pp. 1–16). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • McCombs, M. E., & Shaw, D. L. (1972). The agenda-setting function of mass media. Public Opinion Quarterly, 36(2), 176–187.
  • Nimmo, D. D., & Sanders, K. R. (1981). Handbook of political communication. Beverly Hills, CA: SAGE.
  • Patterson, T. E., & Donsbagh, W. (1996). News decisions: Journalists as partisan actors. Political Communication, 13(4), 455–468.
  • Rose, M., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2013). Framing the poor: Media coverage and us poverty policy, 1960–2008. Policy Studies Journal, 41(1), 22–53.
  • Schattschneider, E. E. (1960). The contagiousness of conflict. In E. E. Schattschneider (Ed.), The semisovereign people: A realist’s view of democracy in America (pp. 1–19). New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
  • Scheafer, T. (2007). How to evaluate it: The role of story-evaluative tone in agenda setting and priming. Journal of Communication, 57, 21–39.
  • Shaw, D., & McCombs, M. (1977). The emergence of American political issues: The agenda-setting function of the press. St. Paul, MN: West.
  • Sheafer, T., & Weimann, G. (2005). Agenda building, agenda setting, priming, individual voting intentions, and the aggregate results: An analysis of four Israeli elections. Journal of Communication, 55(2), 347–365
  • Simon, H. A., Dantzig, G. B., Hogarth, R., Plott, C. R., Raiffa, H., Schelling, T. C., et al. (1987). Decision making and problem solving. Interfaces, 17(5), 11–31.
  • Soroka, S. N. (2012). The gatekeeping function: Distributions of information in media and the real world. The Journal of Politics, 74(02), 514–528.
  • Soroka, S. N., & Lim, E. T. (2003). Issue definition and the opinion‐policy link: Public preferences and health care spending in the US and UK. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 5(4), 576–593.
  • Sparrow, B. H. (2006). A research agenda for an institutional media. Political Communication, 23(2), 145–157.
  • Takeshita, T. (1997). Exploring the media’s roles in defining reality: From issue-agenda setting to attribute-agenda setting. In M. E. McCombs, D. L. Shaw, & D. H. Weaver (Eds.), Communication and Democracy: Exploring the Intellectual Frontiers in Agenda-Setting Theory (pp. 15–27). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Van Aelst, P., & Walgrave, S. (2011). Minimal or massive? The political agenda–setting power of the mass media according to different methods. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 16(3), 295–313.
  • Van Aelst, P., & Walgrave, S. (2016). Political agenda-setting and the contingency of media power. In N. Zahariadis & E. Elgar (Eds.), Handbook on public policy agenda setting. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
  • Walgrave, S., & Vliegenthart, R. (2010). Why are Policy Agendas Punctuated? Friction and Cascading in Parliament and Mass Media in Belgium. Journal of European Public Policy, 17(8), 1147–1180.
  • Vliegenthart, R., & Walgrave, S. (2008). The Contingency of Intermedia Agenda Setting. A Longitudinal Study in Belgium. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 85(4), 860–877.
  • Vliegenthart, R., & Walgrave, S. (2011). When Media Matter for Politics. Partisan Moderators of Mass Media Influence on Parliament in Belgium, 1993–2000. Party Politics, 17(3), 321–342.
  • Weaver, D. H., Graber, D. A., McCombs, M. E., & Eyal, C. H. (1981). Media agenda-setting in a presidential campaign: Issues, images and interest. New York: Praeger.
  • Willnat, L., & Zhu, J. H. (1996). Newspaper coverage and public opinion in Hong Kong: A time‐series analysis of media priming. Political Communication, 13(2), 231–246.
  • Winter, J. P., & Eyal, C. H. (1981). Agenda setting for the civil rights issue. Public Opinion Quarterly, 45(3), 376–383.
  • Wolfe, M. (2012). Putting on the brakes or pressing on the gas? Media attention and the speed of policymaking. Policy Studies Journal, 40(1), 109–126.
  • Wolfe, M., Jones, B. D., & Baumgartner, F. R. (2013). A failure to communicate: Agenda setting in media and policy studies. Political Communication, 30(2), 175–192.
  • Wu, H. D., & Coleman, R. (2009). Advancing agenda-setting theory: The comparative strength and new contingent conditions of the two levels of agenda-setting effects. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 86(4), 775–789.

Hierarchical Display of Mass media

Education And Communications > Communications > Means of communication
Education And Communications > Communications > Communications policy > Mass communications
Education And Communications > Education > Teaching method > Distance learning

Mass media

Concept of Mass media

See the dictionary definition of Mass media.

Characteristics of Mass media

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Translation of Mass media

Thesaurus of Mass media

Education And Communications > Communications > Means of communication > Mass media
Education And Communications > Communications > Communications policy > Mass communications > Mass media
Education And Communications > Education > Teaching method > Distance learning > Mass media

See also

  • Means of mass communication
  • Media