Sweatshop, small manufacturing establishment in which employees work long hours under substandard conditions for low wages. Sweatshops were an outgrowth of the contracting systems in which an employer or middleman (called a sweater) sought to reduce overhead costs and to increase the volume of production by distributing materials to workers in their residences and by paying for work piecemeal. Sweatshops were originally residential, and they developed later into small factories.
Before the 1850s primitive conditions had characterized many of the small shops and residences in which manufacturing was done, particularly in the British clothing industry. But sizable segments of the populations in the United States and Britain did not work under unwholesome conditions in sweatshops until the full development of the Industrial Revolution brought about large, surplus urban populations, mechanization, and specialized methods of production.
By 1850 more than 200,000 women were employed in factories in the U.S. making such products as clothing, shoes, and cigars. As women and children increasingly entered the labor force, the sweatshop system was expanded. In the 1890s sweatshops formed the mainstay of the garment industry. The system was further promoted by the large influx of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe.
Restricted through Legislation
By the 1930s sweatshops had been severely restricted in the garment and other industries through federal and state legislation, especially minimum-wage and child-labor laws.
Source: “Sweatshop,”Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000
History of Women’s Rights
Labor & Employment Law in Lawi
Convention Concerning Forced Labor
International human rights law
Law is our Passion
This entry about Sweatshop has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0) licence, which permits unrestricted use and reproduction, provided the author or authors of the Sweatshop entry and the Encyclopedia of Law are in each case credited as the source of the Sweatshop entry. Please note this CC BY licence applies to some textual content of Sweatshop, and that some images and other textual or non-textual elements may be covered by special copyright arrangements. For guidance on citing Sweatshop (giving attribution as required by the CC BY licence), please see below our recommendation of "Cite this Entry".
Cite this entryLegal Citations Generator
|(2013, 11). Sweatshop lawin.org Retrieved 07, 2015, from http://lawin.org/sweatshop|
|"Sweatshop" lawin.org. 11 2013. 07 2015 <http://lawin.org/sweatshop>|
|"Sweatshop" lawin.org. lawin.org, 11 2013. Web. 07 2015. <http://lawin.org/sweatshop>|
|"Sweatshop" lawin.org. 11, 2013. Accesed 07 2015. http://lawin.org/sweatshop|
|international, 'Sweatshop' (lawin.org 2013) <http://lawin.org/sweatshop> accesed 2015 July 30|
- Article Name: Sweatshop
- Author: international
- Description: ContentsSweatshopSweatshop DefinitionIndustrial RevolutionRestricted through LegislationSee Also Sweatshop Sweatshop [...]
This entry was last modified: November 7, 2013