Birth Control

Birth Control as an U.S. State Statute Topic This term is one of the topics in some U.S. State Statutes. Other topics of the World Encyclopedia of Law which are topics of some State Statures are: Licensed Public Accountants (State statute topic) Guardians Ad Litem (State statute topic) […]

Artificial Insemination

Description of Artificial Insemination In this reference work, artificial insemination is a sort of the Family law category. Resources See Also In Vitro Fertilization; Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer; Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer Child Custody Children Out of Wedlock Parent Child Family law

Child Pornography

Hello "Research and policy on the criminal aspects of pornography has in most recent years focused almost all of its attention on child pornography, especially as a result of the important role played therein by the internet as the medium that has greatly eased the distribution of such […]

Child Labor

Introduction Child Labor, designation formerly applied to the practice of employing young children in factories, now used to denote the employment of minors generally, especially in work that may interfere with their education or endanger their health. Throughout the ages and in all cultures […]


Adoption, procedure by which people legally assume the role of parents for a person who is not their biological child. Adopted children become full members of their adopted family and have the same legal status as biological children. Although the majority of people who adopt are married […]

Searching For Biological Parents

Searching for Biological Parents

The attitude of most adoptive parents to their children's desire to search for their birth parents has changed as well. In the past, adoptive parents often viewed their child's desire to search for his or her biological parents as a rejection of thems…

Social Isolation

Child Abuse Cause Social Isolation and Low Community Involvement

Parents and caretakers who abuse children tend to be socially isolated. Few violent parents belong to any community organizations, and most have little contact with friends or relatives. This lack of social involvement deprives…

Social Stress

Child Abuse Cause Social Stress

Stress brought on by a variety of social conditions raises the risk of child abuse within a family. These conditions include unemployment, illness, poor housing conditions, a larger-than-average family size, the presence of a new baby or a disabled person in t…

Transracial Adoptions

Transracial Adoptions

Additional issues arise when adopted children come from a different culture than their adoptive parents. Adoptions in which the adoptive parents and their adopted child are of different races, known as transracial adoptions, pose special difficulties. When children belo…

Open And Closed Adoptions

Open and Closed Adoptions

Adoptions may be open or closed. An open adoption involves some exchange of personal information. At the very least, one party will furnish information relevant to the child's future well-being, such as medical history or financial status. In some cases, the bio…

Family Structure

Child Abuse Cause Family Structure

Certain types of families have an increased risk of child abuse and neglect. For example, single parents are more likely to abuse their children than married parents. However, single-parent families usually earn less money than other families, so this may a…

Child Abuse Causes

Child Abuse Causes

Many people have difficulty understanding why any person would hurt a child. The public often assumes that people who abuse their children suffer from mental disorders, but fewer than 10 percent of abusers have mental illnesses. Most abusers love their children but tend to…

Child Abuse Effects

Child Abuse Effects on Children

The consequences of child abuse and neglect can be devastating and far-reaching. Physical injuries can range from bruises, scrapes, and burns to brain damage, permanent disabilities, and death. The psychological effects of abuse and neglect can last a lifetime…

Child Abuse Prevalence

Child Abuse Prevalence

According to the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect, in 1997 about 3 million children in the United States were reported as abused or neglected to government agencies that investigate child abuse. Investigators substantiated abuse or neglect for nearly 1 millio…

Child Abuse Reporting

Child Abuse Producting Children

Since the 1960s efforts to ensure that abused children are identified have increased greatly in the United States. From 1962 to 1967 all 50 states and the District of Columbia enacted laws that required professionals in law enforcement, medicine, education, an…

Child Abuse Types

Child Abuse Types

There are several different types of child abuse, and some children experience more than one form. Physical abuse includes deliberate acts of violence that injure or even kill a child. Unexplained bruises, broken bones, or burn marks on a child may be signs of physical abus…

Adoption And Foster Care

Adoption and Foster Care

Adoption differs from foster care, a situation in which a child is temporarily placed with a foster family. An adopted child becomes a permanent member of the adoptive family, with all the rights and privileges of a biological child, including the right of inheritanc…

Adoption Contents

Types of Adoptions

Adoptions by Relatives or Stepparents
Agency and Private-Placement Adoptions
Adoptions: Intermediaries and Materially Assisting Persons
Open and Closed Adoptions

Social and Psychological Issues Related to Adoption

Psychological Stress and Adoption Suppo…

Adoption Legal Issues

Adoption Legal Issues

Once an adoption has been arranged, the court verifies that the rights of the biological parents were not violated and that their decision to offer the child up for adoption was voluntary. The court can invalidate an adoption if fraud, duress, or undue influence was exe…

Abused Children Care

Child Abuse Producting Children Care of Abused Children

Child-welfare workers who confirm that a child has been abused or neglected usually have two options. These are (1) separate the child from the parents and place him or her with a relative, foster home, or state institution, or (2) keep…

List of International Humanitarian Treaties and Documents

List of International Humanitarian Treaties and Documents Treaties & documents from 1800 to 1900 Declaration Respecting Maritime Law. Paris, 16 … Read more

Collection categories and entries

Collection categories and entries Conclusion Notes See Also References and Further Reading About the Author/s and Reviewer/s Author: international Mentioned … Read more