Public Administration

Political Science: Fields in Political Science: Public Administration Introduction to Public Administration Political scientists interested in public administration study government organizations and their relation to other parts of government. Political scientists investigate how these […]

Political Parties

Introduction to Political PartiesPolitical Parties, organizations that mobilize voters on behalf of a common set of interests, concerns, and goals. In many nations, parties play a crucial role in the democratic process. They formulate political and policy agendas, select candidates, conduct…

Power of Implementation

Hierarchical Display of Power of implementation Politics > Political framework > Political power
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > European Commission
Politics > Executive power and public service > Executive body > Executive competence > […]

Communalism

Hierarchical Display of Communalism Politics > Political framework > Political ideology
Law > Rights and freedoms > Anti-discriminatory measure > Protection of minorities > Rights of minorities
Social Questions > Culture and religion > Culture > Cultural identity > National […]

Communism

Communism, a theory and system of social and political organization that was a major force in world politics for much of the 20th century. As a political movement, communism sought to overthrow capitalism through a workers' revolution and establish a system in which property is owned by […]

Rule of Law

Rule of law Definition Rule of law means that any act of the government must be done through laws, that no one is above the law. However this principle has many controversial aspects, the core of it requires that fair laws should apply to all persons in a given jurisdiction. It also means […]

Regionalism

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on regionalism explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Regionalism and Europe There is an entry on regionalism in the European legal encyclopedia. Resources See Also Further Reading Entry […]

Executive Power

The Legal History of Executive Power This section provides an overview of Executive Power in an historical perspective. Absence of Any Executive Power Lassa Oppenheim, in the book entitled The Future of International Law, about Absence of Any Executive Power, wrote in 1921: This […]

Autonomy

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on autonomy explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Resources Further Reading The entry "autonomy" in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the […]

Veto

Veto Definition (Lat. I forbid). Veto may be defined as the refusal of the executive body of a country whose assent is necessary to let pass a law or measure approbed already by the legislative body. See veto in the legal dictonary. In Europe The veto power of the British sovereign has […]

Power of Assessment

Hierarchical Display of Power of assessment Politics > Political framework > Political power
Politics > Parliament > Composition of parliament > Parliamentary committee > Committee of inquiry Power of assessment Concept of Power of assessment See the dictionary definition of Power of […]

Control of Constitutionality

Hierarchical Display of Control of constitutionality Law > Sources and branches of the law > Source of law > Constitution
Politics > Political framework > Political philosophy > Legality
Law > Organisation of the legal system > Legal system > Constitutional court Control of […]

Workers International

Hierarchical Display of Workers International Politics > Political framework > Political ideology
Politics > Politics and public safety > Trends of opinion > Workers’ movement
Politics > Political party > Political parties > Communist Party
Politics > Political party > Political […]

Flag

Summary of Flag

The country of registration of a vessel or aircraft. Read the listing of flag abbreviations, by country or by abbreviation.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Spanish Translation of pavilion and flag This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to […]

Independence of the Judiciary

Hierarchical Display of Independence of the judiciary Law > Organisation of the legal system > Legal system
Politics > Political framework > Political philosophy > Separation of powers Independence of the judiciary Concept of Independence of the judiciary See the dictionary definition of […]

Supervisory Power

Hierarchical Display of Supervisory power Politics > Political framework > Political power
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > European Commission
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > European […]

International Agreement

International Agreement in International Trade Meaning of International Agreement, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): A broad term for legally binding arrangements covered by international law between or among countries. Such arrangements are variously […]

Politics

Politics Politics From the book The Clergyman's Hand-book of Law, about Politics (1): A minister who had been expelled by his congregation for voting the Democratic ticket, had some of the members of the church arrested under the election laws for intimidating a voter. The court held that […]

Legislative Procedure

Hierarchical Display of Legislative procedure Politics > Parliamentary proceedings
Politics > Parliament > Powers of parliament
Politics > Parliament > Parliament
Law > Sources and branches of the law > Source of law > Legislation
Politics > Political framework > Political […]

International Law

International Law consists of the rules and principles of general application dealing with the conduct of States and of international organizations in their international relations with one another and with private individuals, minority groups and transnational companies. Legal Issues […]

Diplomatic Protocol

Hierarchical Display of Diplomatic protocol International Relations > International affairs > International affairs > Diplomatic relations
Politics > Political framework > Political institution > Protocol Diplomatic protocol Concept of Diplomatic protocol See the dictionary definition of […]

Presidential Election

Hierarchical Display of Presidential election Politics > Electoral procedure and voting > Election
Politics > Political framework > Political system > Presidential régime
Politics > Political framework > Political institution > Head of State Presidential election Concept of Presidential […]

Deliberative Democracy

Hierarchical Display of Deliberative democracy Politics > Political framework > Political philosophy > Democracy
Education And Communications > Communications > Communications policy > Public consultation Deliberative democracy Concept of Deliberative democracy See the dictionary definition […]

Governance

Governance in Election Law Manner of understanding and implementing authority. Characteristics of good governance are a high level of organisation and efficiency. It is measured by many different criteria: delivery, transparency, participation and sharing of responsibilities. Literature Review […]

Conservatism

Conservatism, a general state of mind that is averse to rapid change and innovation and strives for balance and order, while avoiding extremes. Originally conservatism arose as a reaction against the Age of Enlightenment (see Enlightenment, Age of). Conservatives advocated belief in faith over […]

Legitimacy

A Question of Legitimacy: International Incident In the book "International Incidents for Discussion in Conversation Classes", in relation to this subject, L. Oppenheim wrote in 1909: Edward Wolff, a German subject, domiciled in England since 1860, goes to Germany in 1870 for the […]

Protocol

Protocol and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Protocol provided by the European Union Commission: The term "protocol" is used for agreements less formal than those entitled "treaty" or "convention". The term could be used to cover the following […]

Workers' Movement

Hierarchical Display of Workers’ movement Politics > Politics and public safety > Trends of opinion
Social Questions > Social framework > Social structure > Social class > Working class
Politics > Political framework > Political ideology > Workers International Workers’ movement […]

Government

Government Definition Government may be defined as a political organization comprising the individuals and institutions authorized to formulate public policies and conduct affairs of state. Governments are empowered to establish and regulate the interrelationships of the people within their […]

Ecologism

Hierarchical Display of Ecologism Politics > Political framework > Political ideology
Politics > Politics and public safety > Trends of opinion > Ecology movement
Politics > Political party > Political parties > Ecology Party Concept of Ecologism See the dictionary definition of […]

Decision Making

Literature Review on (Decision Making) Cost–Benefit Analysis In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] Jay P. Hamilton offers the following summary about the topic of (Decision Making) Cost–Benefit Analysis: Benefit–cost analysis (or cost–benefit […]

Election

Introduction to Election Election, procedure that allows members of an organization or community to choose representatives who will hold positions of authority within it. The most important elections select the leaders of local, state, and national governments. The chance to decide who will […]

Parliamentary Scrutiny

Hierarchical Display of Parliamentary scrutiny Politics > Parliament > Powers of parliament
Politics > Parliament > Composition of parliament > Parliamentary committee > Committee of inquiry
Politics > Political framework > Political power > Supervisory power
Politics > Executive […]

Power of Initiative

Hierarchical Display of Power of initiative Politics > Political framework > Political power
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > European Commission
European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU institution > Council of the […]

Socialism

Socialist Law The inclusion of "Socialist law", in the past, was unavoidable in certain legal classifications. Marxist-Leninist thought still plays a sometimes significant role in the legal organization of certain countries. The criterion which governed the creation of a category […]

Legal System

International Legal System Scholars and judicial decisions have characterized the international legal system as a system of equal and sovereign nation states whose actions are limited only by rules freely accepted as legally binding. [1] Brierly defines international law as ‘the body […]