European Economic and Social Committee

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European Economic and Social Committee

European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Treaties of the European Union

Description of European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) provided by the European Union Commission: The European Economic and Social Committee was set up, as an advisory body, by the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community in 1957 to represent the interests of the various economic and social groups. It consists of 317 members falling into three categories: employers, workers and representatives of particular types of activity (such as farmers, craftsmen, small businesses and industry, the professions, consumer representatives, scientists and teachers, cooperatives, families, environmental movements). Members are appointed by unanimous Council decision for four years and this term may be renewed. The EESC is consulted before a great many instruments concerning the internal market, education, consumer protection, environment, regional development and social affairs are adopted. It may also issue opinions on its own initiative. Since the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam (May 1999), the EESC has to be consulted on an even wider range of issues (the new employment policy, the new social affairs legislation, public health and equal opportunities) and it may also be consulted by the European Parliament. The Treaty of Nice, which entered into force on 2003, did not change the number and distribution by Member State of seats on the Committee. However, eligibility for membership was clarified: the EESC is to consist of “representatives of the various economic and social components of organised civil society”. The European Constitution, which is in the process of being ratified, envisages increasing the term of EESC members from four to five years.

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European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Treaties of the European Union

Description of European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) provided by the European Union Commission: The European Economic and Social Committee was set up, as an advisory body, by the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community in 1957 to represent the interests of the various economic and social groups. It consists of 317 members falling into three categories: employers, workers and representatives of particular types of activity (such as farmers, craftsmen, small businesses and industry, the professions, consumer representatives, scientists and teachers, cooperatives, families, environmental movements). Members are appointed by unanimous Council decision for four years and this term may be renewed. The EESC is consulted before a great many instruments concerning the internal market, education, consumer protection, environment, regional development and social affairs are adopted. It may also issue opinions on its own initiative. Since the entry into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam (May 1999), the EESC has to be consulted on an even wider range of issues (the new employment policy, the new social affairs legislation, public health and equal opportunities) and it may also be consulted by the European Parliament. The Treaty of Nice, which entered into force on 2003, did not change the number and distribution by Member State of seats on the Committee. However, eligibility for membership was clarified: the EESC is to consist of “representatives of the various economic and social components of organised civil society”. The European Constitution, which is in the process of being ratified, envisages increasing the term of EESC members from four to five years.

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Popular Treaties Topics

  • Treaties of the United Nations (UN)
  • Types of Treaties
  • International Treaties
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Hierarchical Display of European Economic and Social Committee

European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU body
European Union > European Union law > EU act > Opinion (EU) > ESC opinion

European Economic and Social Committee

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Thesaurus of European Economic and Social Committee

European Union > EU institutions and European civil service > EU body > European Economic and Social Committee
European Union > European Union law > EU act > Opinion (EU) > ESC opinion > European Economic and Social Committee

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  • EC ESC
  • EC Economic and Social Committee
  • EESC

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