Bilateral Agreement

In general, any treaty, protocol, or understanding between two nations. The term has particular application in the area of commercial air transportation, where a bilateral agreement is an understanding between two countries permitting the commercial aircraft of one nation to land in and carry […]

Sugar

Resources See Also Farming Farm Bill Agricultural Law Agriculture Reform Agriculture

Dispute Settlement Body

Hierarchical Display of Dispute Settlement Body International Organisations > World organisations > World organisation > World Trade Organisation
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Trade dispute
Trade > Trade policy > Commercial law > Commercial arbitration
Trade > […]

Gats

Gats in International Trade Meaning of Gats, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The General Agreement on Trade Services is a World Trade Organization agreement that is the first multilateral agreement provide legally enforceable rules covering all […]

International Agreement

International Agreement in International Trade Meaning of International Agreement, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): A broad term for legally binding arrangements covered by international law between or among countries. Such arrangements are variously […]

Price Stability

Hierarchical Display of Price stability Finance > Prices > Prices policy
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Commodity agreement
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Economic convergence > Convergence criteria
Trade > Trade policy > Trade policy > Market […]

Aladi

Aladi Definition of Aladi in International Trade The following is a concept of Aladi in the context of international trade law, from the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The Latin American Integration Association is an international and regional scope organization created […]

Single Market

Summary of Single Market

A component feature of the Common Agricultural policy (read this and related legal terms for further details) of the European Economic Community.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Single Market and Europe There is an entry on single market in the European […]

Marketing Restriction

Hierarchical Display of Marketing restriction Business And Competition > Competition > Restrictive trade practice > Vertical agreement
Trade > Marketing > Marketing
Business And Competition > Competition > Restriction on competition > Refusal to sell
Trade > International trade > […]

Common Commercial Policy

Common commercial policy and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common commercial policy provided by the European Union Commission: The Community has exclusive responsibility for the common commercial policy (Article 133 of the EC Treaty, formerly Article 113). Under the policy […]

Free Trade Area of the Americas

Hierarchical Display of Free Trade Area of the Americas International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > American organisation
Trade > Tariff policy > Tariff policy > Free-trade area
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Free-trade agreement Concept of Free Trade […]

Tariff Negotiations

Hierarchical Display of Tariff negotiations Trade > Tariff policy > Tariff policy
International Relations > International affairs > International agreement > International negotiations
International Organisations > World organisations > World organisation > World Trade […]

Freedom of Trade

Freedom of Trade and Commerce In relation to the freedom of trade and commerce and constitutional law, Gonzalo Villalta Puig[1] made the following observation: The freedom of trade and commerce is a constitutional norm that conceives the sale and purchase of goods and services among or […]

Trade Policy

Diplomacy and International Trade (London, 1994) "Today, the generally accepted view (at least on the part of most states) is that trade, and particularly free trade, is good, notwithstanding the conflicts (and bouts of protectionism) that arise between individual states and between […]

Industrial Property

Summary of Industrial Property

Intangible property such as patents and trademarks.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Spanish Translation of industrial property This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to industrial property and / or a definition of this […]

Efta

Efta Efta in International Trade Meaning of Efta, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The European Free Trade Association is an intergovernmental organization set up for the promotion of free trade and economic integration to the benefit of its four Member […]

World Trade Organisation

World Trade Organisation (wto) and Europe There is an entry on world trade organisation (wto) in the European legal encyclopedia. World Trade Organisation and the European Union Resources See Also WTO Resources See Also Further Reading Entry "World Trade Organisation (wto)" in the […]

Common Market

Summary of Common Market

A supranational organization of trading nations, created to promote economic collaboration and minimize constraints on the free movement of goods among the member states. Features of a common market include elimination of tariffs on goods moving between member […]

Protocol on Sugar

Hierarchical Display of Protocol on sugar Trade > International trade > Trade relations
Geography > Economic geography > ACP countries
Agri-Foodstuffs > Beverages and sugar > Sugar
European Union > European construction > EU relations > Agreement (EU) > Association agreement (EU) > […]

Caricom

Caricom Caricom in International Trade Meaning of Caricom, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The Caribbean Community Market (CARICOM) is an organization of 15 Caribbean nations established in 1973 whose main purposes are to promote economic integration and […]

Alternative Dispute Resolution

The Legal History of Alternative Dispute Resolution This section provides an overview of Alternative Dispute Resolution Alternative Dispute Resolution in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to alternative dispute resolution […]

TRIPs

TRIPS and International Trade Embracing mainstream international law, this section on trips explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. TRIPS in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to trips […]

Trade Dispute

Legal Definition of Trade Dispute The term "labor dispute"is a broad one and can refer to, at least, two different groups of conflicts. The first one includes any controversy concerning terms or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in […]

Buffer Stock

Summary of Buffer Stock

A commodity stockpile controlled by one or more nations for the purpose of stabilizing world prices of that particular commodity. The commodity is released into the market as world prices increase and is purchased for the stockpile as prices decline. The […]

Provision of Services

Hierarchical Display of Provision of services Trade > Marketing > Commercial transaction
Industry > Miscellaneous industries > Miscellaneous industries > Service industry
Business And Competition > Business classification > Branch of activity > Services company
Social Questions > […]

Uruguay Round

Uruguay Round and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Uruguay Round: The eighth GAIT Round, launched in 1986 with 105 countries participating, and extended in December 1990 […]

Public Contract

Hierarchical Display of Public contract Trade > Trade policy
Trade > International trade > Trade restriction > Non-tariff barrier
Finance > Public finance and budget policy > Public finance
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Trade agreement > GATT > Free movement of […]

GATT Accession

GATT Accession Summary of GATT Detais can be found in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade). Accession Process The process was described by Christopher Mark in 1993: "Joining the GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE is rarely a simple or straightforward matter –especially if the […]

Nafta

Nafta Nafta in International Trade Meaning of Nafta, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): A free trade agreement comprising Canada, Mexico and the United States. The objectives of the agreement are to eliminate barriers to trade, promote conditions of fair […]

Arbitration

Arbitration, reference of a dispute to an impartial person or persons, called arbitrators, for a decision or award based on evidence and arguments presented by the disputants. The parties involved usually agree to resort to arbitration in lieu of court proceedings to resolve an existing […]

Multilateral Agreement

Multilateral Agreement in International Trade Meaning of Multilateral Agreement, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): A international agreement involving three or more parties. For example, the GATT (General Agreement o Tariffs and Trade) has been, since its […]

ACP Countries

Acp Countries Summary of Acp Countries

An acronym for African- Caribbean-Pacific countries. The term originated in conjunction with the LOME CONVENTIONS (read this and related legal terms for further details).

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

ACP (African, Caribbean, and Pacific) […]

Generalised Preferences

Hierarchical Display of Generalised preferences Trade > Trade policy > Trade policy
Trade > Tariff policy > Tariff policy > Tariff preference
Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development > Developing countries
Trade > International trade > International trade > Originating […]

Free Trade Agreement

Free Trade Agreement and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Free Trade Agreement: An agreement between two or more countries establishing a free trade area (FTA).

Originating Product

Hierarchical Display of Originating product Trade > International trade > International trade
Trade > Tariff policy > Tariff policy > Tariff preference
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Commodity agreement
Trade > Tariff policy > EU customs procedure > Free […]

Developing Countries

Developing Countries in International Trade Meaning of Developing Countries, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The developing countries generally lack a high degree of industrialization, infrastructure and other capital investment, sophisticated […]

North-South Relations

North-South Relations and the United Nations Further ReadingA concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including North-South Relations, H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including North-South Relations, […]