Civil Procedure

The Legal History of Civil Procedure This section provides an overview of Civil Procedure Civil Procedure and the Federal Courts: Main Elements The coverage of Civil Procedure and the Federal Courts includes the following main elements: Federal or State Law For detailed information on this […]

Judicial Review

Introduction The U.S. case Marbury v. Madison (1803) held that the power of a court to decide what is the meaning of the American Constitution was implicit in an independent judiciary. This power of judicial review in the U.S. was a unique feature of the U.S. constitutionalism well into the […]


Introduction to Injunction Injunction, generally, an order or decree in the law of equity, requiring a defendant to refrain from committing a specific act, either in process or threatened, injurious to the plaintiff. Injunctions are granted on the usual grounds for equitable actions, namely, […]

Criminal Court

Hierarchical Display of Criminal court Law > Organisation of the legal system > Legal system > Ordinary court of law
Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Criminal procedure
Law > Criminal law > Criminal law Criminal court Concept of Criminal court See the dictionary definition of […]

Civil Law

Introduction to Civil Law "Civil Law, term applied to a legal tradition originating in ancient Rome and to the contemporary legal systems based on this tradition. Modern civil law systems, which were originally developed in Western European countries, have spread throughout the world. […]


Spanish Translation of victimThis is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to victim and / or a definition of this topic: Víctima (in Spanish, without translation of the dictionary entry).

Court of Civil Jurisdiction

Hierarchical Display of Court of civil jurisdiction Law > Organisation of the legal system > Legal system > Ordinary court of law
Law > Civil law > Civil law
Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Civil procedure Court of civil jurisdiction Concept of Court of civil jurisdiction See the […]


Introduction to Evidence Evidence, the means by which disputed facts are proved to be true or untrue in any trial before a court of law or an agency that functions like a court. Because American law is committed to a rational rather than a formalistic system of evidence, no value is assigned […]

Settlement of Disputes

  PART XV SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES SECTION 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 279 Obligation to settle disputes by peaceful means States Parties shall settle any dispute between them concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention by peaceful means in accordance with Article 2, […]


Introduction to Damages Damages, an award of money that a court of law requires be given to one who has suffered a loss, injury, or invasion of a legal right (as when one party to a contract does not fulfill its obligations) as a result of the act of another. Damages may be compensatory or […]

International Arbitration

International arbitration is the settlement by a mutually acceptable third party of disputes between sovereign states. Modern international arbitration began with the conclusion of Jay's Treaty (1794) by Great Britain and the United States. Numerous disputes were arbitrated during the 19th […]

Special Procedure

Hierarchical Display of Special procedure Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings
Special procedure Concept of Special procedure See the dictionary definition of Special procedure. Characteristics of Special procedure [rtbs name=”xxx-xxx”] Resources Translation of Special procedure Spanish: […]

Witness Protection

Hierarchical Display of Witness protection Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Criminal procedure
Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence > Terrorism
Social Questions > Social affairs > Social problem > Crime > Organised crime
International […]


What is Terrorism? Government Definitions of Terrorism Introduction to Terrorism Legal statutes in most countries around the world regard terrorism as a crime. Yet there is considerable variation in how these laws define terrorism, even in countries whose laws derive from a common origin. […]

Criminal Procedure

Introduction to Criminal Procedure Criminal Procedure, body of law regulating the inquiry into whether a person has violated criminal law. Criminal procedure governs the investigation of crimes; the arrest, charging, and trial of accused criminals; and the sentencing of those convicted (found […]

Judicial Cooperation

In relation to Inter-American Treaties, Conventions and Agreements adopted within the framework of the OAS The Organization of American States (a list of Members of the Organization of American States is here) adopted the following international instruments regarding Judicial Cooperation, […]

Alternative Dispute Resolution

The Legal History of Alternative Dispute Resolution This section provides an overview of Alternative Dispute Resolution Alternative Dispute Resolution in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to alternative dispute resolution […]


Summary of Arbitrage

The practice whereby foreign exchange or commodities are purchased in one market at lower cost and rapidly traded off in another, higher cost market. For example, if the pound sterling sells for $1.50 in Paris, but only $1.45 in New York, an arbitrageur could buy […]

Trade Dispute

Legal Definition of Trade Dispute The term "labor dispute"is a broad one and can refer to, at least, two different groups of conflicts. The first one includes any controversy concerning terms or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in […]


Hierarchical Display of Indemnification Law > Civil law > Civil law > Liability
Law > Justice > Legal action > Criminal proceedings > Associated action for damages
Law > Criminal law > Criminal liability > Victim
Environment > Environmental policy > Pollution control measures > […]

Digital Evidence

Hierarchical Display of Digital evidence Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Proof
Education And Communications > Documentation > Document > Electronic document
Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing > Data-processing law > Computer crime Digital […]


Arbitration, reference of a dispute to an impartial person or persons, called arbitrators, for a decision or award based on evidence and arguments presented by the disputants. The parties involved usually agree to resort to arbitration in lieu of court proceedings to resolve an existing […]

Human Rights

Introduction to Human Rights "Since World War II international law has become increasingly concerned with the protection of human rights. It has provided improved procedures for that purpose within the UN. This new emphasis has also been manifested in the adoption by the UN of the […]


Crime Detection Surveillance Introduction to Surveillance One of the oldest ways of detecting criminal activity is through surveillance. This method is used when it is likely that a crime will take place at a specific location or when certain persons are suspected of criminal activit…

Commercial law

Commercial law Introduction to Commercial Law Commercial Law, body of law that relates to commerce and business transactions. Commercial law includes the laws that pertain to sales; negotiable instruments, such as checks and promissory notes; carriage by land and sea; insurance; brokerage; […]

Legal Hearing

Hierarchical Display of Legal hearing Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings
Legal hearing Concept of Legal hearing See the dictionary definition of Legal hearing. Characteristics of Legal hearing [rtbs name=”xxx-xxx”] Resources Translation of Legal hearing Spanish: Juicio French: Audience […]