Communism

Communism, a theory and system of social and political organization that was a major force in world politics for much of the 20th century. As a political movement, communism sought to overthrow capitalism through a workers' revolution and establish a system in which property is owned by […]

Economic Planning

Resources See Also Economy Economic System Legal System Capitalism

Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

Hierarchical Display of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > African organisation
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Common market Concept of Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa See the […]

Collective Farm

A communal farm on which the land and heavy machinery are owned by the state, but the other means of production are owned by the participating farmers. Often the member families cultivate a private plot on the farm in addition to the communal plot. Management of the farm is ostensibly controlled by …

Mixed Economy

Summary of Mixed Economy

An economy that possesses the elements of both public and private ownership of the means of production.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Resources See Also Economy Economic System Legal System Capitalism

Single Market

Summary of Single Market

A component feature of the Common Agricultural policy (read this and related legal terms for further details) of the European Economic Community.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Single Market and Europe There is an entry on single market in the European […]

Collectivism

Collectivism Definition Collectivism is a term used to denote a political or economic system in which the means of production and the distribution of goods and services are controlled by the people as a group. Generally this refers to the state. Opposite of Free Enterprise Collectivism […]

Customs Union

Summary of Customs Union

An arrangement among participating countries whereby tariffs are eliminated or virtually eliminated on products moving between members, and a common external tariff (read this and related legal terms for further details) is adopted to provide uniform treatment to […]

Intervention Policy

Hierarchical Display of Intervention policy Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy
Trade > Trade policy > Trade policy > Market intervention
Agriculture, Forestry And Fisheries > Agricultural policy > Common agricultural policy > Common organisation of markets
Economics > […]

Economic Integration

Summary of Economic Integration

The process of unifying two or more national economies through conscious coordination of trade, fiscal, and monetary activities. Economic integration is normally preceded by the reduction or abolition of tariffs, quotas, and similar constraints upon trade […]

Mercosur

The Mercosur treaty creates something of a free trade zone among countries in the southern part of South America. The related Mercosur organization posts materials in Spanish. For information about Mercosur materials, see A Guide to MERCOSUR Legal Research: Sources and Documents. […]

Economic Union

Summary of Economic Union

Also known as an economic community, an advanced form of economic integration on the part of several states. The economic union incorporates the features of a Common market (read this and related legal terms for further details)—unrestricted free trade among […]

Electronic Commerce

The Conduct and Regulation of Internet commerce in the Context of Internet Law Read, in this legal Encyclopedia, about the topic of this section, and, specially, about Antitrust Restrictions on the Conduct of Electronic Commerce Electronic Commerce in Cyberlaw Antitrust Restrictions on the […]

Digital Single Market

Hierarchical Display of Digital single market European Union > European construction > Deepening of the European Union > Single market
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Collaborative economy
Education And Communications > Information and information processing > […]

Transition Economy

Hierarchical Display of Transition economy Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Economic reform
Politics > Political framework > Political system > Change of political system
Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development > Economic transition
Geography > […]

Common Market

Summary of Common Market

A supranational organization of trading nations, created to promote economic collaboration and minimize constraints on the free movement of goods among the member states. Features of a common market include elimination of tariffs on goods moving between member […]

Nationalisation

Hierarchical Display of Nationalisation Law > Civil law > Ownership
Politics > Executive power and public service > Public administration > Public service
Business And Competition > Business classification > Type of business > Public sector
Economics > Economic structure > Economic […]

Economic Transition

Hierarchical Display of Economic transition Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Economic reform > Transition economy Economic transition Concept of Economic transition See the dictionary definition of Economic transition. […]

Arab Common Market

Arab Common Market Outline The ACM came into existence in 1965, pursuant to an agreement signed in 1964 by the Arab League states. Its initial members included Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Palestine Liberation Organisation, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yeme…

Supply and Demand

Hierarchical Display of Supply and demand Trade > Trade
Trade > Trade policy > Market
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Market economy
Economics > Economic analysis > Economic analysis
Finance > Prices > Prices policy > Price formation
Finance > Monetary […]

Central American Common Market

Summary of Central American Common Market

A free trade area among the nations of Central America, established in 1960 by a treaty between El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. The common market began operations in 1961, and Costa Rica joined the group in 1962. Honduras dropped […]

Trade Agreement

See information on the case Grand River Enterprises Six Nations, Ltd v United States of America. Resources See Also Trade Commercial Relations Investment Transportation North American Free Trade Agreement Investment Dispute Settlements Resources See Also International Organization […]

Mixed-ownership Company

Hierarchical Display of Mixed-ownership company Business And Competition > Legal form of organisations > Organisation
Business And Competition > Business classification > Type of business > Public sector
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Mixed economy Mixed-ownership […]

Change of Political System

Hierarchical Display of Change of political system Politics > Political framework > Political system
Economics > Economic structure > Economic system > Economic reform > Transition economy
Politics > Politics and public safety > Politics > Political reform Change of political system […]