Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)

It is defined as a multi-disciplinary approach to deterring criminal behaviour through environmental design. CPTED strategies rely upon the ability to influence offender decisions that precede criminal acts by affecting the built, social and administrative environment. It is pronounced sep-ted and is known by various labels or names around the world, such as Designing Out Crime and other acronyms.

Situational Crime Prevention Strategies

Situational crime prevention strategies are aimed at reducing the criminal opportunities that arise from the routines of everyday life. Such strategies include “hardening” of potential targets, improving surveillance of areas that might attract crime (e.g., closed-circuit television surveillance), and deflecting potential offenders from settings in which crimes might occur.

Further Reading

  • Clancey, G. (2010). Crime risk assessments in New South Wales (Australia). European Journal of Criminal Policy Research, 17(1), 55-67.
  • Clancey, G., Fisher, D., & Lee, M. (2015). The “art and science” of preparing crime risk assessment reports. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 17(4), 270-290.
  • Clark, H, & Taplin, D. (2012). Theory of change basics: A primer on theory of change. New York: Actknowledge.
  • Clarke, R. (1997). Situational crime prevention: Successful case studies (2d ed.). New York: Harrow and Heston.
  • Coaffee, J. (2004). Rings of steel, rings of concrete and rings of confidence: Designing out terrorism in central London pre and post September 11th. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 28(1), 201-211.
  • Coaffee, J., & Bosher, L. (2008). Integrating counter-terrorist resilience into sustainability. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE): Urban Design and Planning, 161(2), 75-83.
  • Cornish, D., & Clarke, R. (2003). Opportunities, precipitators and criminal decisions: A reply to Wortley’s critique of situational crime prevention. Prevention Studies, 16, 41-96.
  • Cozens, P. M. (2002). Sustainable Urban Development and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design for the British City. Towards an Effective Urban Environmentalism for the 21st Century. The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning, 19(2), 129-137.
  • Cozens, P. (2014). Think crime! Using evidence, theory and Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) for planning safer cities. Quinns Rock Perth, WA: Praxis Education.
  • Davis, M. (1992). City of quartz: Excavating the future in Los Angeles. New York: Vintage.
  • Deming, W. (1986). Out of the crisis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Flyvbjerg, B. (1998a). Empowering civil society: Habermas, Foucault and the question of conflict. In M. Douglass & J. Friedmann (Eds.), Cities for citizens (pp. 185-211). Chichester, U.K.: Wiley.
  • Flyvbjerg, B. (1998b). Rationality and power: Democracy in practice. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Flyvbjerg, B., & Richardson, T. (2002). Planning and Foucault in search of the dark side of planning theory. In P. Allmendinger & M. Tewdwr-Jones (Eds.), Planning futures: New directions for planning theory (pp. 44-62). London: Routledge.
  • Fortescue, J. (1714). The difference between an absolute and limited monarchy: As it more particularly regards the English Constitution. Being a treatise written by Sir John Fortescue, Kt. Lord Chief Justice, and Lord High Chancellor of England, under King Henry VI. Faithfully transcribed from the ms. Copy in the Bodleian Library, and collated with three other mss. Publish’d with some remarks by John Fortescue-Aland, of the Inner-Temple, Esq; F.R.S., London: John Fortescue Aland; printed by W. Bowyer in White-Fryars, for E. Parker at the Bible and Crown in Lombard-Street, and T. Ward in the Inner-Temple-Lane, OCLC 642421515.
  • Foucault, M. (1991). Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (pp. 202-203). Harmondsworth: Penguin
  • Geyh, P. (2009). Cities, citizens, and technologies: Urban life and postmodernity. New York: Routledge.






2 responses to “Crime Prevention”

  1. international

    Social cohesion, in this regard, focuses on nurturing a community where there exists a mutual respect and appreciation of the differences and similarities that make communities unique. It recognizes, values, supports, and celebrates diversity. A socially cohesive community shares a common vision and a sense of belonging and focuses on developing positive relationships between people from different backgrounds.

  2. international

    In his book “Governing Through Crime,” Simon wrote that the promotion of the concept of the “war on crime” has created a culture of fear and the notion of the citizen as a victim of crime. For the author, this facilitated governance through the framing of crime and crime prevention as an aspect of governance.