Injunction

Introduction to Injunction Injunction, generally, an order or decree in the law of equity, requiring a defendant to refrain from committing a specific act, either in process or threatened, injurious to the plaintiff. Injunctions are granted on the usual grounds for equitable actions, namely, […]

Nationality of Legal Persons

Hierarchical Display of Nationality of legal persons Law > International law > Private international law
Business And Competition > Business classification > Type of business > Multinational enterprise
Business And Competition > Business classification > Type of business > Foreign […]

Flag

Summary of Flag

The country of registration of a vessel or aircraft. Read the listing of flag abbreviations, by country or by abbreviation.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Spanish Translation of pavilion and flag This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to […]

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Area of freedom, security and justice and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Area of freedom, security and justice provided by the European Union Commission: It was decided to establish an area of freedom, security and justice, the aim being to ensure genuine freedom of movement […]

Third Country

Third country and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Third country provided by the European Union Commission: Any country that is not a Member State of the EU. Resources See Also Popular Treaties Topics Treaties of the United Nations (UN) Types of Treaties International […]

Admission of Aliens

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on admission of aliens explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Resources Further Reading The entry "aliens, admission" in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law […]

Right of Asylum

Hierarchical Display of Right of asylum Law > International law > Private international law > Rights of aliens > Admission of aliens > Political asylum
Law > International law > Private international law > Rights of aliens > EU office or agency > European Asylum Support Office
Law > […]

Universal Postal Union

Universal Postal Union Outline The union was established under the International Postal Convention of 1874. It was then named the General Postal Union. In 1878 it was renamed the Universal Postal Union. It became a specialised, but independent, agency of the UN after 1945. The UPU is a […]

Legal Person

Hierarchical Display of Legal person Law > Civil law > Civil law > Legal status
Law > International law > Private international law > Nationality of legal persons
Finance > Taxation > Tax on income > Corporation tax
Business And Competition > Legal form of organisations > Organisation […]

Foreign National

Hierarchical Display of Foreign national Law > International law > Private international law > National
Law > Rights and freedoms > Social rights > Equal treatment
Social Questions > Migration > Migration > Migration policy
Law > Rights and freedoms > Anti-discriminatory measure > […]

Environmental Liability

Environmental Liability in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to environmental liability on some major countries and additional jurisdictions. It covers key issues involved when citizens face international situations. […]

Residence Permit

Resources See Also Migration Internal Migration Immigration Law

Migrant Worker

Resources See Also Worker Employee Benefits Employ Employment White Collar Worker Blue Collar Worker Labor Right Employee

Trust

Trust: Main Elements The coverage of Trust includes the following element(s): Trust For detailed information on this issue, please read the corresponding entry. References See Also Business Law (in international or comparative law) Business Organizations (in international or comparative law) […]

European Passport

Hierarchical Display of European passport Law > International law > Private international law > Identity document > Passport
Science > Natural and applied sciences > Applied sciences > Mathematics > Biometrics
European Union > European construction > European Union > Area of freedom, […]

Foreign Enterprise

Related Fields Related topics include: Enterprise Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Joint Enterprise Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Joint Venture Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Multinational Find this subject in this World legal […]

International Commercial Arbitration

See also International business arbitration in this international legal encyclopedia.

International Commercial Arbitration Resources
Treaties and Conventions on Arbitration

See also Treaties in this legal […]

Removal

Removal, Suspension, Trial From the book The Clergyman's Hand-book of Law, about Removal, Suspension, Trial (1): In the United States under the laws and discipline of the Catholic Church a priest may be removed from the charge of a congregation at the pleasure of the bishop, without […]

Tourism

Application of Geospatial Mashups in Web Gis for Tourism Development, the Law and other Social Sciences This paper examines current development in Web GIS with the implementation of Geospatial Mashup technologies, such as Google Map in the context of map Mashups, and presents a classification […]

Family Law

Contents of Family Law Contents of this subject matter include: Historical background, Constitutional factors and current issues Domestic relationships – marriage and non-marriage, recognition of adult relationships Family Dispute Resolution processes; the collaborative family lawyer […]

Electronic Commerce

The Conduct and Regulation of Internet commerce in the Context of Internet Law Read, in this legal Encyclopedia, about the topic of this section, and, specially, about Antitrust Restrictions on the Conduct of Electronic Commerce Electronic Commerce in Cyberlaw Antitrust Restrictions on the […]

Damages

Introduction to Damages Damages, an award of money that a court of law requires be given to one who has suffered a loss, injury, or invasion of a legal right (as when one party to a contract does not fulfill its obligations) as a result of the act of another. Damages may be compensatory or […]

Carriage of Passengers

Comparative Analysis International Overview The International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Carriage of Passengers by Sea (the "Passenger Convention 1961") was adopted in Brussels on 29 April 1961 and came into force on 4 June 1965. It was in force in […]

Political Asylum

Hierarchical Display of Political asylum Law > International law > Private international law > Rights of aliens > Admission of aliens
Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence > Political refugee
Social Questions > Migration > Migration > Migration policy […]

Political Refugee

Hierarchical Display of Political refugee Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence
International Relations > International security > International issue > Refugee
Politics > Politics and public safety > Trends of opinion > Opposition
International […]

EU National

Hierarchical Display of EU national Law > International law > Private international law > National
European Union > European construction > Deepening of the European Union > Citizens’ Europe > European citizenship EU national Concept of EU national See the dictionary definition of EU […]

Expropriation

Expropriation Definition Expropriation is the forced assumption of ownership of private property by a government, often without fair compensation. Nationalization is expropriation by a national government. Meanings For information on: * history of expropriation, see Nationalization * […]

Alternative Dispute Resolution

The Legal History of Alternative Dispute Resolution This section provides an overview of Alternative Dispute Resolution Alternative Dispute Resolution in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to alternative dispute resolution […]

Multinational Enterprise

Resources See Also Enterprise Joint Enterprise Joint Venture

TRIPs

TRIPS and International Trade Embracing mainstream international law, this section on trips explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. TRIPS in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to trips […]

European Citizenship

Hierarchical Display of European citizenship European Union > European construction > Deepening of the European Union > Citizens’ Europe
Politics > Parliament > Powers of parliament > Parliamentary scrutiny > Petition
Law > Rights and freedoms > Rights of the individual > Freedom of […]

Marriage

Disasters and the law Marriage, Sexual Behaviour and the Law Further Reading Marriage in the Encyclopedia of Sexual Behavior and the Law The Legal History of Marriage This section provides an overview of Marriage Marriage and Family Life in the CEDAW Article 16: of the Convention on the […]

Donation

The Legal History of Donation (Gift) This section provides an overview of Donation (Gift) Donation, Hostile, Religion From the book The Clergyman's Hand-book of Law, about Donation, Hostile, Religion (1): On the other hand the United States Supreme Court declared the legal right of donees […]

Police Checks

Hierarchical Display of Police checks Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Public order
Law > International law > Public international law > Territorial law > Frontier > Internal border of the EU
Law > International law > Private international law > Identity document […]

Discrimination on the Basis of Nationality

Hierarchical Display of Discrimination on the basis of nationality Law > Rights and freedoms > Anti-discriminatory measure
Law > International law > Private international law > National > Foreign national
Employment And Working Conditions > Employment > Employment policy > EU employment […]

Civil Rights

Related Fields Related topics include: Civil Liberty Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Civil Right Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Legal Right Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Citizen Freedom Find this subject in this World legal […]

Arbitration

Arbitration, reference of a dispute to an impartial person or persons, called arbitrators, for a decision or award based on evidence and arguments presented by the disputants. The parties involved usually agree to resort to arbitration in lieu of court proceedings to resolve an existing […]

Foreign Student

Hierarchical Display of Foreign student Education And Communications > Organisation of teaching > School life > School environment > Student
Education And Communications > Organisation of teaching > School life > Cultural policy > Cultural relations
Law > International law > Private […]

Private International Law

Branches of Private International Law

Intellectual Property International commercial arbitration International Commercial Law International Contracts International Family Law International Law of Procedure See also: Hague Conference on Private […]

Court of Justice of the European Union

Court of Justice of the European Union in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to court of justice of the european union on some major countries and additional jurisdictions. It covers key issues involved when citizens face […]

International Criminal Court

Introduction to International Criminal Court International Criminal Court (ICC), independent judicial institution with the power to try and punish individuals for the most serious crimes of international concern: genocide, crimes against humanity, crimes of aggression, and war crimes. The […]

Nationality

Introduction to Nationality Nationality, in law, condition or status of belonging to, or having legal identity with, a nation or state. In various political systems a distinction is made between nationality and citizenship; the latter represents a higher political status, usually involving […]

Commercial law

Commercial law Introduction to Commercial Law Commercial Law, body of law that relates to commerce and business transactions. Commercial law includes the laws that pertain to sales; negotiable instruments, such as checks and promissory notes; carriage by land and sea; insurance; brokerage; […]