Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining in the International Trade Union Rights Area Definition of Collective bargaining provided by ITUC-CSI-IGB: The process of negotiating mutually acceptable terms and conditions of employment as well as regulating industrial relations between one or more workers' […]


Expropriation Definition Expropriation is the forced assumption of ownership of private property by a government, often without fair compensation. Nationalization is expropriation by a national government. Meanings For information on: * history of expropriation, see Nationalization * […]

Human Rights

Introduction to Human Rights "Since World War II international law has become increasingly concerned with the protection of human rights. It has provided improved procedures for that purpose within the UN. This new emphasis has also been manifested in the adoption by the UN of the […]


Introduction to Sociology Sociology may be defined as the scientific study of human social relations or group life. See more definitions of Sociology in the Legal Dictionary. Other disciplines within the social sciences-including economics, political science, anthropology, and […]

Legal Effect of Constitutions

In relation to the legal effect of constitutions and constitutional law, Elena Bindi and Mario Perini[1] made the following observation: Legal effect refers to the different legal effects that constitutional norms may generate in a specific legal system. These are distinguished from the […]