Common Customs Tariff

Common Customs Tariff and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common Customs Tariff provided by the European Union Commission: The common foreign and security policy (CFSP) was established and is governed by Title V of the Treaty on European Union (EU). It replaced European […]

Common Agricultural Policy

Common agricultural policy (CAP) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common agricultural policy (CAP) provided by the European Union Commission: The common agricultural policy is a matter reserved exclusively for the Community. Under Article 33 of the Treaty establishing the […]

Foreign Policy

COREU (CORespondance EUropéenne) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of COREU (CORespondance EUropéenne) provided by the European Union Commission: Coreu is an EU communication network between the Member States and the Commission for cooperation in the fields of […]

Area of Freedom, Security and Justice

Area of freedom, security and justice and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Area of freedom, security and justice provided by the European Union Commission: It was decided to establish an area of freedom, security and justice, the aim being to ensure genuine freedom of movement […]

Third Country

Third country and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Third country provided by the European Union Commission: Any country that is not a Member State of the EU. Resources See Also Popular Treaties Topics Treaties of the United Nations (UN) Types of Treaties International […]

European Council

European Council and the Treaties of the European Union Description of European Council provided by the European Union Commission: The European Council is the term used to describe the regular meetings of the Heads of State or Government of the European Union Member States. Its purpose is to […]

Protocol

Protocol and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Protocol provided by the European Union Commission: The term "protocol" is used for agreements less formal than those entitled "treaty" or "convention". The term could be used to cover the following […]

Common Commercial Policy

Common commercial policy and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common commercial policy provided by the European Union Commission: The Community has exclusive responsibility for the common commercial policy (Article 133 of the EC Treaty, formerly Article 113). Under the policy […]

European Central Bank

European Central Bank (ECB) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of European Central Bank (ECB) provided by the European Union Commission: The European Central Bank was inaugurated on 30 June 1998. On 1 January 1999 it took over responsibility for implementing European monetary […]

Culture

Culture and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Culture provided by the European Union Commission: Whilst the will to conduct cultural activities at European level was apparent as early as the 1970s, it was not until 1991 that culture was officially given a place in European […]

Food Safety

Food safety and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Food safety provided by the European Union Commission: The European Union has made food safety one of the main priorities of its policy agenda. It is a horizontal objective to be taken into account in several areas of Community […]

Treaty of Nice

Treaty of Nice and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Treaty of Nice provided by the European Union Commission: Adopted at the Nice European Council in December 2000, and signed on 26 February 2001, the Treaty of Nice entered into force on 1 February 2003. It is the result of […]

European Economic and Social Committee

European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) provided by the European Union Commission: The European Economic and Social Committee was set up, as an advisory body, by the Treaty establishing […]

Community Acquis

Community acquis and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Community acquis provided by the European Union Commission: The Community acquis is the body of common rights and obligations which bind all the Member States together within the European Union. It is constantly evolving […]

Free Movement of Persons

Free movement of persons (visas, asylum, immigration and other policies) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Free movement of persons (visas, asylum, immigration and other policies) provided by the European Union Commission: The Treaty of Amsterdam, in force since 1 May 1999, […]

Eurojust

Eurojust and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Eurojust provided by the European Union Commission: Eurojust is a high level team of senior lawyers, magistrates, prosecutors, judges and other legal experts seconded from every EU country, based in Brussels. It is able to give […]

Common Strategy

Common strategy (CFSP) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common strategy (CFSP) provided by the European Union Commission: The common strategy is an instrument of the common foreign and security policy introduced by the Treaty of Amsterdam. Under Article 13 of the EU […]

Information Society

Information Society and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Information Society provided by the European Union Commission: The information society is synonymous with what is meant by "new information and communication technologies" (ICT). Since the beginning of the 90s, […]

Common Transport Policy

Common transport policy and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common transport policy provided by the European Union Commission: The goal of the common transport policy is to remove obstacles at the borders between Member States so as to facilitate the free movement of persons […]

Joint Action

Joint action (CFSP) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Joint action (CFSP) provided by the European Union Commission: Joint action, which is a legal instrument under Title V of the Treaty on European Union (common foreign and security policy, CFSP), means coordinated action […]

COREPER

Coreper Coreper and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Coreper provided by the European Union Commission: Coreper, the French acronym by which the Permanent Representatives Committee is known, consists of the Member States' Ambassadors to the European Union ("Permanent […]

Development Aid

Development aid and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Development aid provided by the European Union Commission: The beginnings of the European Community's development policy coincided with the signature of the Treaty of Rome in 1957, and the Member States' overseas countries […]

International Convention

Convention and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Convention provided by the European Union Commission: The term "convention" again can have both a generic and a specific meaning. (a) Convention as a generic term: Art.38 (1) (a) of the Statute of the International […]

Free Movement of Workers

Free Movement of Workers and the Principle of Equal Treatment and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Free Movement of Workers and the Principle of Equal Treatment provided by the European Union Commission: Every citizen of the EU has the right to work and live in another Member […]

Common Position

Common position (CFSP) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common position (CFSP) provided by the European Union Commission: The common position in the context of the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) is designed to make cooperation more systematic and improve its […]

Eurocorps

Eurocorps and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Eurocorps provided by the European Union Commission: Eurocorps was set up at the 59th Franco-German summit, which took place in La Rochelle on 21 and 22 May 1992. Three other countries have since joined it: Belgium on 25 June […]

Treaty of Amsterdam

Treaty of Amsterdam and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Treaty of Amsterdam provided by the European Union Commission: The Treaty of Amsterdam is the result of the Intergovernmental Conference launched at the Turin European Council on 29 March 1996. It was adopted at the […]

Mutual Assistance

Mutual assistance and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Mutual assistance provided by the European Union Commission: A principle of international law implying that two or more States agree to cooperate in a certain area. The assistance specified is often written into a treaty. […]

Cotonou Agreement

Cotonou Agreement and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Cotonou Agreement provided by the European Union Commission: Signed in 2000, this agreement replaced the Lomé Convention. Its main objective is to create a new framework for co-operation between the members of the […]

Animal Welfare

Animal welfare and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Animal welfare provided by the European Union Commission: The question of animal welfare was first addressed in an additional protocol attached to the Treaty of Amsterdam (1997). This "Protocol on protection and welfare […]

Association Agreement

Stabilisation and association agreement and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Stabilisation and association agreement provided by the European Union Commission: A bilateral agreement, which establishes a single basis for assisting a country. Each EU candidate country has such […]

Humanitarian Aid

Humanitarian aid and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Humanitarian aid provided by the European Union Commission: The European Union as a whole (the Commission and the Member States) is currently one of the largest donors of humanitarian aid in the world. The humanitarian aid […]

Precautionary Principle

Precautionary Principle and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Precautionary Principle provided by the European Union Commission: The concept of the precautionary principle was first set out in a Commission communication adopted in February 2000 on recourse to the precautionary […]

Sustainable Development

Definition and Origins Sustainability and sustainable development were initially defined and promulgated in a report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, "Our Common Future" (1987). This report said (page 43) that sustainable development "is development that […]

European Economic Area

European Economic Area and the Treaties of the European Union Description of European Economic Area provided by the European Union Commission: Agreement Between the Community, and three Member States of the European Free Trade Area (EFTA)(not Switzerland) entered into force on 1 January 2004 […]

Council of the European Union

Council of the European Union and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Council of the European Union provided by the European Union Commission: The Council of the European Union (the "Council of Ministers" or the "Council") is the Union's main […]

Political and Security Committee

Political and Security Committee (PSC) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Political and Security Committee (PSC) provided by the European Union Commission: Replacing the Political Committee, the Political and Security Committee (PSC) follows international developments in the […]

Europe Agreement

Europe agreement and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Europe agreement provided by the European Union Commission: A Europe agreement is a specific type of association agreement concluded between the European Union and certain Central and Eastern European states (Article 310 of […]

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) and the Treaties of the European Union Description of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organisation) provided by the European Union Commission: The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO, or the Atlantic Alliance) was founded in 1949 and has its […]

Mutual Recognition

Mutual recognition and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Mutual recognition provided by the European Union Commission: A principle of international law whereby States party to an agreement decide that they will recognise and uphold legal decisions taken by competent authorities […]

Treaty Party

Party and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Party provided by the European Union Commission: (to an international treaty) A party to a treaty is a State, International Organisation or other entity with treaty making capacity that has expressed its consent to be bound by that […]

Australia Group

The Australia Group (AG) is an informal forum of countries which, through the harmonisation of export controls, seeks to ensure that exports do not contribute to the development of chemical or biological weapons. Coordination of national export control measures assists Australia Group […]