Water Transport Conventions and International Agreements
List of international instruments dealing with water transport:
- Convention relating to the limitation of the liability of owners of inland navigation vessels (CLN). Geneva, 1 March 1973, incuding the Protocol to the Convention relating to the Limitation of the Liability of Owners of Inland Navigation Vessels (CLN). Geneva, 5 July 1978)
2. Convention on the contract for the international carriage of passengers and luggage by inland waterway (CVN). Geneva, 6 February 1976 (including the Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Passengers and Luggage by Inland Waterway (CVN). Geneva, 5 July 1978)
- United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, 1978. Hamburg, 31 March 1978
- International Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages, 1993. Geneva, 6 May 1993
- European Agreement on Main Inland Waterways of International Importance (AGN). Geneva, 19 January 1996
- European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Inland Waterways (ADN). Geneva, 26 May 2000
- Memorandum of Understanding on Maritime Transport Cooperation between Arab Countries. Damascus, 9 May 2005
- United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea. New York, 11 December 2008
Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses
Note: for previous articles of the Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses, see here.
RIGHT TO VOTE
1. Except as provided for in paragraph 2 of this article, each Party to
this Convention shall have one vote.
2. Regional economic integration organizations, in matters within their
competence, shall exercise their right to vote with a number of votes
equal to the number of their member States which are Parties to this
Convention. Such organizations shall not exercise their right to vote if
their member States exercise theirs, and vice versa.
The Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Europe shall carry
out the following secretariat functions:
(a) The convening and preparing of meetings of the Parties;
(b) The transmission to the Parties of reports and other information
received in accordance with the provisions of this Convention;
(c) The performance of such other functions as may be determined by
Annexes to this Convention shall constitute an integral part thereof.
AMENDMENTS TO THE CONVENTION
1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention.
2. Proposals for amendments to this Convention shall be considered at a
meeting of the Parties.
3. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention shall be
submitted in writing to the Executive Secretary of the Economic
Commission for Europe, who shall communicate it to all Parties at least
ninety days before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption.
4. An amendment to the present Convention shall be adopted by consensus
of the representatives of the Parties to this Convention present at a
meeting of the Parties, and shall enter into force for the Parties to the
Convention which have accepted it on the ninetieth day after the date on
which two thirds of those Parties have deposited with the Depositary
their instruments of acceptance of the amendment. The amendment shall
enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after the date
on which that Party deposits its instrument of acceptance of the
1. If a dispute arises between two or more Parties about the
interpretation or application of this Convention, they shall seek a
solution by negotiation or by any other means of dispute settlement
acceptable to the parties to the dispute.
2. When signing, ratifying, accepting, approving or acceding to this
Convention, or at any time thereafter, a Party may declare in writing to
the Depositary that, for a dispute not resolved in accordance with
paragraph 1 of this article, it accepts one or both of the following
means of dispute settlement as compulsory in relation to any Party
accepting, the same obligation:
(a) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice ;
(b) Arbitration in accordance with the procedure set out in annex IV.
3. If the parties to the dispute have accepted both means of dispute
settlement referred to in paragraph 2 of this article, the dispute may be
submitted only to the International Court of Justice , unless the parties
This Convention shall be open for signature at Helsinki from 17 to 18
March 1992 inclusive, and thereafter at United Nations Headquarters in
New York until 18 September 1992, by States members of the Economic
Commission for Europe as well as States having consultative status with
the Economic Commission for Europe pursuant to paragraph 8 of Economic
and Social Council resolution 36 (IV) of 28 March 1947, and by regional
economic integration organizations constituted by sovereign States
members of the Economic Commission for Europe to which their member
States have transferred competence over matters governed by this
Convention, including the competence to enter into Treaties in respect of
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall act as the Depositary
of this Convention.
RATIFICATION, ACCEPTANCE, APPROVAL AND ACCESSION
1. This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or
approval by signatory States and regional economic integration
2. This Convention shall be open for accession by the States and
organizations referred to in Article 23.
3. Any organization referred to in Article 23 which becomes a Party to
this Convention without any of its member States being a Party shall be
bound by all the obligations under this Convention. In the case of such
organizations, one or more of whose member States is a Party to this
Convention, the organization and its member States shall decide on their
respective responsibilities for the performance of their obligations
under this Convention. In such cases, the organization and the member
States shall not be entitled to exercise rights under this Convention
4. In their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or
accession, the regional economic integration organizations referred to in
Article 23 shall declare the extent of their competence with respect to
the matters governed by this Convention. These organizations shall also
inform the Depositary of any substantial modification to the extent of
ENTRY INTO FORCE
1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the
date of deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession.
2. For the purposes of paragraph 1 of this article, any instrument
deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be
counted as additional to those deposited by States members of such an
3. For each State or organization referred to in Article 23 which
ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after
the deposit of the sixteenth instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the
ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or organization of
its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.
At any time after three years from the date on which this Convention has
come into force with respect to a Party, that Party may withdraw from the
Convention by giving written notification to the Depositary. Any such
withdrawal shall take effect on the ninetieth day after the date of its
receipt by the Depositary.
The original of this Convention, of which the English, French and Russian
texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the
Secretary-General of the United Nations.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized thereto, have
signed this Convention.
DONE at Helsinki, this seventeenth day of March one thousand nine hundred
References and Further Reading
About the Author/s and Reviewer/s