Vienna Convention

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Vienna Convention

Treaties: The Vienna Convention

There are several “Vienna Conventions,” some from the 19th Century and some from the 20th. They include the:

  1. Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (1961)
  2. Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (1963); see also the Guide to Research on Vienna Convention on Consular Relations Notification Requirements;
  3. Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (1969);
  4. Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties (1978);
  5. Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer (1985); see also theOzone Secretariat web site.

Introduction to Vienna Convention

Rules of international law governing the conclusion, validity, effects, interpretation, modification, suspension, and termination of treaties were codified in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, adopted in 1969 at a conference convened by a resolution of the UN General Assembly. Representatives from 110 nations participated, including the United States, Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and most other United Nations members, as well as several nonmembers including Switzerland. The draft was prepared by the International Law Commission. The convention went into force in January 1980 after ratification by 35 nations. The U.S. signed but has not yet ratified the convention; however, the U.S. considers most of the Vienna Convention’s rules as representing customary international law.” (1)

Vienna Convention in International Trade

Meaning of Vienna Convention, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): Officially known as United Nations Convention on Contract for the International Sale of Good (CISG) is a 1980 international treaty signed by over 80 countries, between them most leading trading nations, that amounts to a virtual commercial code for international sale of goods transactions, but exclude contracts for services. Although the CIS is the default body of contract law when both the exporter/seller and the importer/buyer are nationals of countries that have ratified it, parties may opt out by explicitly stating so in their international sale contract. A separate but related agreement, the United Nations Convention on the Limitation Period of the International Sale of Gods, covers time limits for seller and buyer claims of breach, termination, or invalidity arising from contracts of international sale of goods. Parties desiring to opt out of either convention should specify the body of law they wish to use instead. Care must be taken when doing so, as the conventions may be part o the body of law the parties wish to use. See international sale contract. Website.


Notes and References

Guide to Vienna Convention

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