Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe 2

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Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

 

Article III

1. For the purposes of this Treaty, the States Parties shall apply the
following counting rules:

All battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and
attack helicopters, as defined in Article II, within the area of application
shall be subject to the numerical limitations and Other provisions set forth in
Articles IV, V and VI, with the exception of those which in a manner consistent
with a State Party’s normal practices:

(A) are in the process of manufacture, including manufacturing-related
testing;

(B) are used exclusively for the purposes of research and development;

(C) belong to historical collections;

(D) are awaiting disposal, having been decommissioned from service in
accordance with the provisions of Article IX;

(E) are awaiting, or are being refurbished for, export or re-export and are
temporarily retained within the area of application. Such battle tanks,
armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters
shall be located elsewhere than at sites declared under the terms of Section V
of the Protocol on Information Exchange or at no more than 10 such declared
sites which shall have been notified in the previous year’s annual information
exchange. In the latter case, they shall be separately distinguishable from
conventional armaments and equipment limited by the Treaty;
(F) are, in the case of armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry
fighting vehicles, heavy armament combat vehicles or multi-purpose attack
helicopters, held by organisations designed and structured to perform in
peacetime internal security functions; or

(G) are in transit through the area of application from a location
outside the area of application to a final destination outside the area of
application, and are in the area of application for no longer than a total of
seven days.

2. If, in respect of any such battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles,
artillery, combat aircraft or attack helicopters, the notification of which is
required under Section IV of the Protocol on Information Exchange, a State Party
notifies an unusually high number in more than two successive annual information
exchanges, it shall explain the reasons in the Joint Consultative Group, if so
requested.

Article IV

1. Within the area of application, as defined in Article II, each State Party
shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle tanks, armoured combat
vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and attack helicopters so that, 40 months
after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States
Parties to which it belongs, as defined in Article II, the aggregate numbers do
not exceed:

(A) 20,000 battle tanks, of which no more than 16,500 shall be in active
units;

(B) 30,000 armoured combat vehicles, of which no more than 27,300 shall be
in active units. Of the 30,000 armoured combat vehicles, no more than 18,000
shall be armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles;
of armoured infantry fighting vehicles and heavy armament combat vehicles, no
more than 1,500 shall be heavy armament combat vehicles;

(C) 20,000 pieces of artillery, of which no more than 17,000 shall be in
active units;

(D) 6,800 combat aircraft; and

(E) 2,000 attack helicopters.

Battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery not in active units shall
be placed in designated permanent storage sites, as defined in Article II, and
shall be located only in the area described in paragraph 2 of this Article.
Such designated permanent storage sites may also be located in that part of the
territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics comprising the Odessa
Military District and the southern part of the Leningrad Military District. In
the Odessa Military District, no more than 400 battle tanks and no more than 500
pieces of artillery may be thus stored. In the southern part of the Leningrad
Military District, no more than 600 battle tanks, no more than 800 armoured
combat vehicles, including no more than 300 armoured combat vehicles of any type
with the remaining number consisting of armoured personnel carriers, and no more
than 400 pieces of artillery may be thus stored. The southern part of the
Leningrad Military District is understood to mean the territory within thatmilitary district south of the line East-West 60 degrees 15 minutes northern
latitude.

2. Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which
includes all the European island territories, of the Kingdom of Belgium, the
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark including the Faroe
Islands, the French Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of
Hungary, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the
Netherlands, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic including the
islands of Azores and Madeira, the Kingdom of Spain including the Canary
Islands, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and that part
of the territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics west of the Ural
Mountains comprising the Baltic, Byelorussian, Carpathian, Kiev, Moscow and
Volga-Ural Military Districts, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary,
reduce its battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40
months after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of
States Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers do not exceed:

(A) 15,300 battle tanks, of which no more than 11,800 shall be in
active units;

(B) 24,100 armoured combat vehicles, of which no more than 21,400 shall be
in active units; and

(C) 14,000 pieces of artillery, of which no more than 11,000 shall be in
active units.

3. Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which
includes all the European island territories, of the Kingdom of Belgium, the
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark including the Faroe
Islands, the French Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of
Hungary, the Italian Republic, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the
Netherlands, the Republic of Poland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland and that part of the territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist
Republics comprising the Baltic, Byelorussian, Carpathian and Kiev Military
Districts, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce its battle
tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months after entry
into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States Parties to
which it belongs the aggregate numbers in active units do not exceed:

(A) 10,300 battle tanks;

(B) 19,260 armoured combat vehicles; and

(C) 9,100 pieces of artillery; and

(D) in the Kiev Military District, the aggregate numbers in active units and
designated permanent storage sites together shall not exceed:

(1) 2,250 battle tanks;

(2) 2,500 armoured combat vehicles; and

(3) 1,500 pieces of artillery. 4. Within the area consisting of the entire land territory in Europe, which
includes all the European island territories, of the Kingdom of Belgium, the
Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic
of Hungary, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and
the Republic of Poland, each State Party shall limit and, as necessary, reduce
its battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery so that, 40 months
after entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter, for the group of States
Parties to which it belongs the aggregate numbers in active units do not exceed:

(A) 7,500 battle tanks;

(B) 11,250 armoured combat vehicles; and

(C) 5,000 pieces of artillery.

5. States Parties belonging to the same group of States Parties may locate
battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery in active units in each of
the areas described in this Article and Article V, paragraph 1, subparagraph (A)
up to the numerical limitations applying in that area, consistent with the
maximum levels for holdings notified pursuant to Article VII and provided that
no State Party stations conventional armed forces on the territory of another
State Party without the agreement of that State Party.

6. If a group of States Parties’ aggregate numbers of battle tanks, armoured
combat vehicles and artillery in active units within the area described in
paragraph 4 of this Article are less than the numerical limitations set forth in
paragraph 4 of this Article, and provided that no State Party is thereby
prevented from reaching its maximum levels for holdings notified in accordance
with Article VII, paragraphs 2, 3 and 5, then amounts equal to the difference
between the aggregate numbers in each of the categories of battle
tanks, armoured combat vehicles and artillery and the specified numerical
limitations for that area may be located by States Parties belonging to that
group of States Parties in the area described in paragraph 3 of this Article,
consistent with the numerical limitations specified in paragraph 3 of this
Article.

 

Conclusion

Notes

See Also

References and Further Reading

About the Author/s and Reviewer/s

Author: international

Mentioned in these Entries

Other provisions, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

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