Treaties deposited with the FAO

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Treaties and Conventions Deposited with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Conventions and agreements concluded under Article XIV of the Food and Agriculture Organization Constitution, as well as those treaties concluded outside the framework of Food and Agriculture Organization in respect of which the Director-General exercises depositary functions.

Treaties and International Agreements under Article 15 of the FAO Constitution

Under the provisions of Article XIV of the FAO Constitution, the Conference may “approve and submit to Member Nations conventions or agreements concerning questions relating to food and agriculture…” and the Council may “approve and submit to Member Nations agreements concerning questions relating to food and agriculture which are of particular interest to Member Nations of geographical areas specified in such agreements…”

Seventeen such “conventions or agreements” were approved under the provisions and structure of Article XIV of the Food and Agriculture Organization Constitution. Among these, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture provides in its Article 15 that the Contracting Parties:

  • recognize the importance of the ex situ collections of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture held by the International Agricultural Research Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, and other International Institutions; and
  • call upon the International Agricultural Research Centres to sign agreements with the Governing Body of the Treaty with regard to such ex situ collections.

At present, 15 agreements have been signed.

  • 2009: Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
  • 2009: Agreement on the Central Asian and Caucasus Regional Fisheries and Aquaculture Commission
  • 2001: International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
  • 2000: Agreement for the Establishment of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region
  • 1999: Agreement for the Establishment of the Regional Commission for Fisheries (RECOFI)
  • 1993: Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission
  • 1993: Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas
  • 1973: Agreement for the Establishment of a Regional Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific
  • 1965: Agreement for the Establishment of a Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Central Region
  • 1963: Agreement for the Establishment of an FAO Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in South-West Asia
  • 1959: Convention Placing the International Poplar Commission within the framework of FAO
  • 1956: Plant Protection Agreement for the Asia and Pacific Region Amended Agreement which entered into force on 4 September
  • 1953: Constitution of the European Commission for the Control of Foot and Mouth Disease
  • 1951: International Plant Protection Convention
  • 1949: Agreement for the Establishment of a General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean Amended text approved by FAO Council at its 113th Session
  • 1948: Constitution of the International Rice Commission
  • 1948: Agreement for the Establishment of the Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission

Treaties and International Agreements outside the framework of FAO

Nineteen treaties have been concluded outside the framework of FAO, in respect of which, the Director-General exercises depositary functions.

  • 2006: Southern Indian Ocean Fisheries Agreement
  • 2004: Agreement for the Establishment of the Global Crop Diversity Trust
  • 2001: Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South East Atlantic Ocean
  • 2000: Agreement for the Establishment of the International Organisation for the Development of Fisheries in Eastern and Central Europe
  • 2000: Convention of the African Network for the Development of Horticulture
  • 1994: Convention for the Establishment of the Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization
  • 1994: Constitution of the Centre for Marketing Information and Advisory Services for Fishery Products in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • 1993: Constitution of the Centre for Marketing Information and Advisory Services for Fishery Products in the Arab Region
  • 1993: Agreement for the Establishment of the Near East Plant Protection Organization
  • 1991: Agreement for the Establishment of the Intergovernmental Organization for Marketing Information and Cooperation Services for Fishery Products in Africa
  • 1991: Regional Convention on Fisheries Cooperation Among African States Bordering the Atlantic Ocean
  • 1988: Agreement on the Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia and the Pacific
  • 1985: Agreement for the Establishment of the Intergovernmental Organization for Marketing Information and Technical Advisory Services for Fishery Products in the Asia and Pacific Region
  • 1983: Agreement for the Establishment of a Regional Centre on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development for the Near East
  • 1981: Agreement for the Establishment of a Regional Centre on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development of Latin America and the Caribbean Protocol to amend the Agreement concluded at Panama in 1985
  • 1979: Agreement for the Establishment of a Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Africa
  • 1978: Agreement for the Establishment of a Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific
  • 1969: Convention on the Conservation of the Living Resources of the South-East Atlantic Protocol of Termination of the Convention concluded at Madrid in 1990
  • 1966: International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas Protocol amending the Convention concluded at Paris in 1984
  • Protocol amending the Convention concluded at Madrid in 1992

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