International Trade

International Political Economy Trends: International Trade Introduction to International Trade In the 21st century, international trade has grown to 20 percent of the world's total production of goods and services-around $6.5 trillion per year. This volume of trade is almost seven times […]

Gats

Gats in International Trade Meaning of Gats, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The General Agreement on Trade Services is a World Trade Organization agreement that is the first multilateral agreement provide legally enforceable rules covering all […]

Financial Services

Financial Services and the World Trade Organization Financial Services in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. European Passport and Europe There is an entry on european passport in the European legal encyclopedia. This section provides an overview of financial […]

Electronic Commerce

The Conduct and Regulation of Internet commerce in the Context of Internet Law Read, in this legal Encyclopedia, about the topic of this section, and, specially, about Antitrust Restrictions on the Conduct of Electronic Commerce Electronic Commerce in Cyberlaw Antitrust Restrictions on the […]

TRIPs

TRIPS and International Trade Embracing mainstream international law, this section on trips explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. TRIPS in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to trips […]

Competition Law

Anti-Dumping and Competition Law and the World Trade Organization Anti-Dumping and Competition Law in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. Competition Law in a Global Context Contents of Competition Law in a Global Context Contents of this subject matter […]

Indonesia

The Legal History of Indonesia This section provides an overview of Indonesia Indonesia and the World Trade Organization Indonesia in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. Resources See Also International Organization Foreign Relations Intergovernmental […]

International Trade Law

Outline Following an introductory overview of the principles and structure of international trade law, this entry concentrates on the substantive obligations in the agreements that form part of the World Trade Organization Agreement, including tariff and customs?related matters, […]

Raw Materials

China—measures Relating to the Exportation of Various Raw Materials (ds394) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): As discussed in World Encyclopedia of Law 2009 at 423-24, in 2009, the United […]

Rules of Origin

Rules of Origin and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Rules of Origin: The laws, regulations, and administrative practices that are applied to ascribe acountry of origin to […]

Chicken Broiler Products

New Request For Consultations: China—countervailing and Anti-dumping Duties on Chicken Broiler Products From the United States (ds427) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On September 20, 2011, […]

Trade in Services

The General Agreement on Trade in Services and the World Trade Organization The General Agreement on Trade in Services in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. Trade in Services: Preferential Trade Agreements This section provides an overview of trade in […]

National Security

The National Security Provision—GATT Article XXI and the World Trade Organization The National Security Provision—GATT Article XXI in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. This section provides an overview of national security within the legal context […]

Countervailing Duties

Summary of Countervailing Duties

Special duties, over and above ordinary duties, imposed upon imported merchandise to counteract the economic advantage provided to the foreign supplier by his government in the form of export subsidies. The object of countervailing duties is to protect […]

Korea

Korea and the World Trade Organization Korea in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. The Koreas and Foreign Policy Introduction At the end of World War II, Korea was divided in two. The northern half of the Korean peninsula was occupied by the Soviet Union, the […]

Environment

Matters of International Concern: The Environment Introduction to Environment In the late 1960s concern with the state of the world's environment emerged as an international issue. This occurred largely in response to several disastrous spills by oil tankers that brought attention to high […]

General Agreement on Trade in Services

General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) History Geza Feketekuty argued that one "of the major achievements of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations was the negotiation of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the first comprehensive framework for the […]

Tuna Products

United States—measures Concerning the Importation, Marketing, and Sale of Tuna and Tuna Products (ds381) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): Mexico requested consultations in 2008 regarding […]

Zeroing

Zeroing in International Trade Meaning of Zeroing, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): In the World Trade Organization (WTO) dumping procedures, an investigating authority usually calculates the dumping margin by getting the average of the differences […]

Import Licensing

Import Licensing and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Import Licensing: Procedures requiring the submission of an application or other documentation (other than those […]

Subsidies on Large Civil Aircraft

Dispute Brought by the United States Against the European Union: Subsidies on Large Civil Aircraft (ds316) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): (2) Dispute brought by the United States against the […]

International Trade Organization

International Trade Organization (ITO) in relation with International Trade In the context of trade organizations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of International Trade Organization (ITO): (Not to be confused with Multilateral Trade "Organization, Sec. I). An […]

Wto Trade Facilitation Agreement

WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement in 2013 United States views on international law [1] in relation to World Trade Organization Trade Facilitation Agreement: On December 7, 2013, the Ministerial Conference of the WTO in Bali concluded a Trade Facilitation Agreement. The text of the agreement […]

Anti-dumping

Anti-dumping Anti-Dumping and Competition Law and the World Trade Organization Anti-Dumping and Competition Law in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. The Anti-Dumping Agreement and the World Trade Organization The Anti-Dumping Agreement in relation to the […]

Wto Government Procurement Agreement

Conclusion of Revised WTO Government Procurement Agreement in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): Also at the 8th Ministerial Conference of the WTO in December 2011, the ministers representing parties […]

Dispute Settlement Issues

Dispute Settlement in 2013 United States views on international law [1] in relation to Dispute Settlement: U.S. submissions in WTO dispute settlement proceedings are available at (link resource) ustr.gov/trade-topics/enforcement/dispute-settlement-proceedings/wto-disputesettlement. The […]

World Trade Organization

Unlike GATT, the WTO is a permanent body but not a specialized agency of the United Nations. Introduction to World Trade Organization World Trade Organization (WTO), international body that promotes and enforces the provisions of trade laws and regulations. The World Trade Organization has […]

Intellectual Property Disputes

The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the World Trade Organization The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues.

Disputes Brought Against the United States

Disputes Brought Against the United States in 2013 United States views on international law [1] in relation to Disputes Brought Against the United States: (1) Measures Concerning the Importation, Marketing, and Sale of Tuna and Tuna Products (WT/DS381) As discussed in this world legal […]