UN Security Council

UN Security Council The Council is composed of fifteen member states, five of them permanent members and specified by name in the Charter. These are the United States, Russia (replacing the Soviet Union in 1991), China, the United Kingdom, and France. The rest are elected for two-year terms […]

Government

Government Definition Government may be defined as a political organization comprising the individuals and institutions authorized to formulate public policies and conduct affairs of state. Governments are empowered to establish and regulate the interrelationships of the people within their […]

Un Framework Convention on Climate Change

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Conference of the Parties in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The United States participated in the Seventeenth Session of the Conference of the […]

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) in relation with International Trade In the context of trade organizations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC): A regional cooperation organization including Australia, Brunei. Canada. […]

Amendment

Amendment Definition Amendment, in legislation, the alteration of an existing statute. In the United States Although the U.S. Congress has no power to alter the Constitution, it does have the power to repeal and alter laws. The method of amending the Constitution is provided by Article […]

Unicef

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) UNICEF supports governments and civil society in some 155 countries to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and other international standards. UNICEF’s rule of law work includes support to child rights legislative reform; justice […]

United Nations

Introduction to United Nations United Nations (UN), international organization of countries created to promote world peace and cooperation. The UN was founded after World War II ended in 1945. Its mission is to maintain world peace, develop good relations between countries, promote […]

Un General Assembly

United States Remarks at the General Assembly in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On July 27, 2011, U.S. Representative to ECOSOC Frederick D. Barton addressed the plenary meeting of the United […]

Encyclopedia of Civil Liberties in America

The Encyclopedia of Civil Liberties in America Editors: David Schultz, John Vile Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-7656-8063-7 Content of the Encyclopedia ANP ATCA Attainder, Bill of AU CIA DOJ EDPA FBI FCC Friend of the Court Gay Rights IRS Jim Crow Laws Original Intent Patents Procedural Due Process Rochin v. California (1952) Section … Read more

Bouvier´s Law Dictionary Content

Bouvier´s Law Dictionary Content English and Scottish Content VIOLENT PROFITS ACTION OF ADHERENCE ACTIONS ORDINARY ADVOCATION ANN ANNUAL PENSION APPRIZING ARRESTEE ARRESTER ARRESTMENT ASSIGNATION ASSISORS ASSYTHMENT BAIR-MAN BAIRN’S PART CAUTION, TURATORY CAUTIONER CEDENT CHARGER CIRCUMDUCTION CIRCUMVENTION COURTESY or CURTESY CURIALITY CURTESY or COURTESY DECREE ARBITRAL DECREE OF REGISTRATION TO DISPONE DYVOUR DYVOUR’S HABIT EXHIBITION FACTORY … Read more

Group of Seven

Group of Seven (G- 7) in relation with International Trade In the context of trade organizations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of Group of Seven (G- 7): The seven leading industrial countries of the world: the United States, Japan, Germany, France, the United […]

Raw Materials

China—measures Relating to the Exportation of Various Raw Materials (ds394) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): As discussed in World Encyclopedia of Law 2009 at 423-24, in 2009, the United […]

Un Conflict Prevention

United Nations Peacekeepers' Role in Preventing Conflict in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): See information on Nationality, Citizenship and Immigration in this legal Encyclopedia8.A.1.c.(3). […]

Cafta-dr Free Trade Commission

Meeting of the Cafta-dr Free Trade Commission in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The first meeting of the CAFTA-DR Free Trade Commission was held on February 22-23, 2011, in San Salvador, El […]

Un Security Council Resolutions Implementation

United States Targeted Sanctions Implementing United Nations Security Council Resolutions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): See information on Nationality, Citizenship and Immigration in this legal […]

Canadian Court Set-aside Proceedings

United States Statement in Canadian Court Set-aside Proceedings: Cargill v United Mexican States in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On January 31, 2011, the United States submitted a brief as […]

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) Background and Legal Regime The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The year 2012 marks the 30th anniversary of the opening for signature of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (“UNCLOS” or “the Convention”), […]

United Nations Commission on International Trade Law

United Nations Commission On International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) United Nations Commission on International Trade Law Outline The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law was set up in 1966 by the General Assembly of the United Nations to deal with conflicts of national laws […]

Chicken Broiler Products

New Request For Consultations: China—countervailing and Anti-dumping Duties on Chicken Broiler Products From the United States (ds427) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On September 20, 2011, […]

Un Nonproliferation Sanctions

United Nations Nonproliferation Sanctions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On April 20, 2011, the United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 1977, extending the mandate of the […]

Un General Assembly Resolutions on Commercial Law

United Nations General Assembly Resolutions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On December 9, 2011, the United States joined consensus in the Sixth Committee in adopting two resolutions relating to […]

United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including United Nations Environment Programme , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including […]

Us Executive Order 13590

New Executive Order 13590 and Other Steps Taken in November 2011 in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On November 21, 2011, the United States announced a series of steps to increase pressure on Iran […]

Dominican Republic-central America-united States Free Trade Agreement

Dominican Republic-central America-united States Free Trade Agreement ("cafta-dr") in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The text of the CAFTA-DR is available at (internet link) […]

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

United Nations Conference On Trade And Development (UNCTAD) Introduction to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, permanent arm of the United Nations General Assembly. The conference, established in December 1964, followed […]

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

United Nations Educational, Scientific And Cultural Organization United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Outline UNESCO was set up in 1945 as a specialised and independent agency of the UN. Its main task is to promote international cooperation in the areas of […]

Countervailing Duties

Summary of Countervailing Duties

Special duties, over and above ordinary duties, imposed upon imported merchandise to counteract the economic advantage provided to the foreign supplier by his government in the form of export subsidies. The object of countervailing duties is to protect […]

Ofac Designations

Ofac Designations in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): OFAC designated 31 individuals (including their known aliases) and two entities pursuant to Executive Order 13224 during 2011. The designated […]

Un Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On a number of occasions in 2011, the United States reaffirmed its support for the United Nations […]

Energy-related Sanctions

Energy-related Sanctions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On March 29, 2011, the State Department announced sanctions on Belarusneft, a state-owned Belarusian energy company, under the Iran […]

United Nations General Assembly

Structure of the United Nations: General Assembly Introduction to United Nations General Assembly The General Assembly is made up of all 192 member countries, each with one vote. It undertakes all major discussions and decisions about UN actions. It is like a global town hall, providing a […]

Extraordinary Expenses Exemption

Invoking the Extraordinary Expenses Exemption in Unscr 1970 in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On August 8, 2011, the United States requested that the committee established pursuant to UNSCR 1970 […]

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

United Nations High Commissioner for (UNHCR) Note: see Refugees. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees The mandate of UNHCR, based on its Statute, is to provide international protection to refugees who fall within the scope of the Statute and seek durable solutions for the […]

Tuna Products

United States—measures Concerning the Importation, Marketing, and Sale of Tuna and Tuna Products (ds381) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): Mexico requested consultations in 2008 regarding […]

Zeroing

Zeroing in International Trade Meaning of Zeroing, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): In the World Trade Organization (WTO) dumping procedures, an investigating authority usually calculates the dumping margin by getting the average of the differences […]

Ofac De-listings

Ofac De-listings in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): In 2011, OFAC determined that six individuals, who had been designated pursuant to E.O. 13224, should be removed from the Treasury […]

United Nations Development Programme

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) United Nations Development Programme (in the Human Development Area) UNDP is the UN’s global development network – an organisation advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a […]

United Nations Volunteers

UNV – United Nations Volunteers Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including United Nations Volunteers , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including United Nations Volunteers […]

Subsidies on Large Civil Aircraft

Dispute Brought by the United States Against the European Union: Subsidies on Large Civil Aircraft (ds316) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): (2) Dispute brought by the United States against the […]

UN Convention against Corruption

UN Convention against Corruption

Title

United Nations Convention Against Corruption

About the Convention

The purposes of the Convention are to promote and strengthen measures to prevent and combat corruption […]

United Nations Population Fund

UNFPA – United Nations Population Fund Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including United Nations Population Fund , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including United […]

Immunity of the United Nations

The United Nations: Background Note The name "United Nations" was devised by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the "Declaration by United Nations" of 1 January 1942, during the Second World War, when representatives of 26 nations pledged […]

Sanctions under Executive Order 13382

Sanctions Under Executive Order 13382 in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): During 2011 the United States imposed targeted financial sanctions on Iranian entities, Iranian individuals and other […]

United Nations Treaty Series

UNTS – United Nations Treaty Series Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including United Nations Treaty Series , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including United Nations […]

Executive Order 13566

Executive Order 13566 in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On February 25, 2011, President Barack Obama issued Executive Order 13566, "Blocking Property and Prohibiting Certain Transactions […]