Gats in International Trade Meaning of Gats, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The General Agreement on Trade Services is a World Trade Organization agreement that is the first multilateral agreement provide legally enforceable rules covering all […]

Single Market

Summary of Single Market

A component feature of the Common Agricultural policy (read this and related legal terms for further details) of the European Economic Community.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Single Market and Europe There is an entry on single market in the European […]

Common Commercial Policy

Common commercial policy and the Treaties of the European Union Description of Common commercial policy provided by the European Union Commission: The Community has exclusive responsibility for the common commercial policy (Article 133 of the EC Treaty, formerly Article 113). Under the policy […]

Freedom of Trade

Freedom of Trade and Commerce In relation to the freedom of trade and commerce and constitutional law, Gonzalo Villalta Puig[1] made the following observation: The freedom of trade and commerce is a constitutional norm that conceives the sale and purchase of goods and services among or […]

Industrial Property

Summary of Industrial Property

Intangible property such as patents and trademarks.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Spanish Translation of industrial property This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to industrial property and / or a definition of this […]

World Trade Organisation

World Trade Organisation (wto) and Europe There is an entry on world trade organisation (wto) in the European legal encyclopedia. World Trade Organisation and the European Union Resources See Also WTO Resources See Also Further Reading Entry "World Trade Organisation (wto)" in the […]


TRIPS and International Trade Embracing mainstream international law, this section on trips explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. TRIPS in Private International Law This section contain conflict of laws information and cross references related to trips […]

Provision of Services

Hierarchical Display of Provision of services Trade > Marketing > Commercial transaction
Industry > Miscellaneous industries > Miscellaneous industries > Service industry
Business And Competition > Business classification > Branch of activity > Services company
Social Questions > […]

Uruguay Round

Uruguay Round and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Uruguay Round: The eighth GAIT Round, launched in 1986 with 105 countries participating, and extended in December 1990 […]

Public Contract

Hierarchical Display of Public contract Trade > Trade policy
Trade > International trade > Trade restriction > Non-tariff barrier
Finance > Public finance and budget policy > Public finance
Trade > International trade > Trade relations > Trade agreement > GATT > Free movement of […]

GATT Accession

GATT Accession Summary of GATT Detais can be found in General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade). Accession Process The process was described by Christopher Mark in 1993: "Joining the GENERAL AGREEMENT ON TARIFFS AND TRADE is rarely a simple or straightforward matter –especially if the […]

Generalised Preferences

Hierarchical Display of Generalised preferences Trade > Trade policy > Trade policy
Trade > Tariff policy > Tariff policy > Tariff preference
Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development > Developing countries
Trade > International trade > International trade > Originating […]

Free Trade Area

Summary of Free Trade Area

An association of states that seeks to overcome impediments to trade among members by reducing or eliminating tariffs among the participants. The members of a free trade area do not maintain a common external tariff nor do they (usually) provide for the free flow […]

Free Movement of Goods

Free Movement of Goods and Europe There is an entry on free movement of goods in the European legal encyclopedia. Resources See Also Further Reading Entry "Free Movement of Goods" in the work "A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein", by […]