Consumer

Main Elements in the United States Law Consumer Defined The American legal Ecyclopedia (including defining Consumer) offers a fundamental understanding of this topic, providing a fresh approach to the trends. The main entry thoroughly describes its application. Types of Consumer Protection […]

Social Security

The Legal History of Social Security in Modern Europe This section provides an overview of Social Security in Modern Europe Most Popular Entries related to Social Security Social Security (in the World) Social Security Benefits (in the World) Social Security Office (in the World) Social […]

Tax Law

Other Popular Tax Definitions in the World Legal Encyclopedia Adjusted Gross Income (sometimes, including Tax Law) Ad Valorem Tax (sometimes, including Tax Law) Alternative Minimum Tax (sometimes, including Tax Law) Big Four (audit firms) (sometimes, including Tax Law) Black Market […]

Bankruptcy

The Legal History of Bankruptcy This section provides an overview of Bankruptcy Bankruptcy-Remote (SPE) in Financial Law Concept of Bankruptcy-Remote (SPE) in this field: An SPE satisfying certain legal criteria, whose assets have been isolated from and are outside of the reach of the […]

Family

The Legal History of Family This section provides an overview of Family Family (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Family means: the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 44/82 of 8 December 1989, proclaimed 1994 as the International Year of the Family (IYF) with its […]

Intellectual Property

Summary of Intellectual Property Intellectual Property is, according withWilliam J. Miller, a general term covering industrial property such as patents, trademarks, and trade names, as well as literary and artistic property, including copyrights. Consideration of the meaning of the word […]

Energy Law

Most Popular Entries related to Energy Law Energy Law (in the World) Energy Law Schools (in the World) Energy Lawyer Salary (in the World) Oil Law (in the World) Gas Law (in the World) See Also Federal Energy Regulation Commission (United States) New Disciplines on Energy Law This […]

Damages

Introduction to Damages Damages, an award of money that a court of law requires be given to one who has suffered a loss, injury, or invasion of a legal right (as when one party to a contract does not fulfill its obligations) as a result of the act of another. Damages may be compensatory or […]

Immigration

Introduction to Immigration Immigration, the movement of people into another nation with the intention of residing there permanently. The contrasting term emigration refers to the movement of people permanently leaving a nation. Immigration is a worldwide phenomenon. From the 17th century to […]

Employment

Employment Law The Legal History of Employment and Labor Law This section provides an overview of Employment and Labor Law Employment in the CEDAW Article 11 of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) stipulates, in relation to Employment, that […]

Military Law

Most Popular Entries related to Military Law Military Law (in the World) Military Law vs Civilian Law (in the World) Military Law Questions (in the World) Military Law on Divorce (in the World) Military Family Law (in the World) Military Law Degree (in the World) Martial Law (in the […]

Banking

Banking Definition Banking may be defined as transactions carried on by any individual or firm engaged in providing financial services to consumers, businesses, or government enterprises. In the broadest sense, a bank is a financial intermediary that performs one or more of the following […]

Health

Health The Legal History of Health This section provides an overview of Health Health (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Health means: is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity Most Popular Entries related to […]

List of people who disappeared mysteriously

List of people who disappeared mysteriously This is a list of people who have mysteriously disappeared, relating chronologically cases of disappearance recorded in the course of history that have occurred to notorious people and in unenlightened circumstances. Before 1800 71 BC – although supposedly died in battle, the body of the rebel slave Spartacus was … Read more

Zakat

Obligatory Charity Tax (Zakat) Zakat Al-Maal (Tithing) Zakat Al-Maal is the third pillar of Islam. Any man or woman who meets the minimum requirements of wealth must pay their share of Zakat. However, paying Zakat is not a burden—it is a blessing and a testimony to one’s sincere faith and devotion to Allah. In addition … Read more

PwC

PwC or PricewaterhouseCoopers Official History PricewaterhouseCoopers was created on 1 July 1998 by the merger of two firms – Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand – each with historical roots going back some 150 years. Set out below are some key milestones in the history of both firms. 1849 Samuel Lowell Price sets up in … Read more

Structural Bias

Besides “partisan bias” in media reporting, a second type of media bias is known as “structural bias.” This type of bias stems from certain “structures” (customs, reporting routines, commercial pressures, etc.) that operate within the news industry. As a result of the highly commercial and purportedly nonpartisan nature of the mainstream media, the issue of media bias surfaces in a unique way in some western democracies.

Bases of Government Accounting

Bases of Government Accounting Accounting (cash basis and accrual basis) In French: Comptabilité (de caisse et d’exercice)) Government accounting is an approach for presenting the situation of public finances. This approach consists in a set of standards that are used to report the income and expenditures of a government over a given fiscal year and … Read more

Family Law Rules

Family Law In relation to the international law practice and family law in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section: Private International Law About this subject:

Lozano

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, […]

Criminal

Main Elements in the United States Law Criminal Defined The American legal Ecyclopedia (including defining Criminal) offers a fundamental understanding of this topic, providing a fresh approach to the trends. The main entry thoroughly describes its application. Protecting the Criminal […]

Live Streaming

Live Streaming Pirate streaming: illegal in the European Union The European Court of Justice (ECJ) interpreted in April 2017 a few articles in Directive 2001/29 and found pirate streaming illegal. (…) The European Court of Justice (Judgement of the European Court of Justice of 26 April 2017 in Case C-527/15, Wullems) stated that the multimedia … Read more

Zoning

Zoning: Main Elements The coverage of Zoning includes the following element(s): Regulatory Taking For detailed information on this issue, please read the corresponding entry. References See Also Property (in international or comparative law) Most Popular Entries related to Zoning Zoning (in […]

Remedies

The Legal History of Remedies This section provides an overview of Remedies Remedies: Main Elements The coverage of Remedies includes the following element(s): Condominiums and Cooperatives For detailed information on this issue, please read the corresponding entry. References See Also […]

Sports Law

Most Popular Entries related to Sports Law Sports Law (in the World) Sports Law Issues (in the World) Sports Law Schools (in the World) Sports Law Degree (in the World) Sports Law Contents of Sports Law Contents of this subject matter include: Violence in sport Sport and Disciplinary […]

Hague Treaty Apostille

Hague Treaty Apostille The Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents For an analysis of the Convention of 5 October 1961 Abolishing the Requirement of Legalisation for Foreign Public Documents and the Hague Convention Legalization, see here. Background Issuing and Verifying the Origin of an Apostille Apostilles may … Read more

Aboriginal Law

The Legal History of Aboriginal Law This section provides an overview of Aboriginal Law Most Popular Entries related to Aboriginal Law Native Law (in the World) Native Law and Custom (in the World) Aboriginal Law (in the World) Natural Resources Law (in the World) Natural Resources Law […]

Detainees Meaning

Detainees In relation to the international law practice and detainees in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section: Use of Force About this subject:

General

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by […]

Trade Agreements

Commercial Treaties: Trade Agreements In addition to formal agreements between modern states having important economic ties with each other, less formal and durable agreements relate to such matters as tariff rates, navigation dues, customs formalities, air-transport clearance arrangements, […]

Intellectual Property Law

Intellectual property law deals with the rules for securing and enforcing legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works. For example, a book may be considered an intellectual property, and its author may have the rightful ownership over it. In a nutshell, intellectual property law […]