Market Access

Summary of Market Access The degree of participation in the domestic market that a nation allows to foreign suppliers. Tariffs, quotas, and similar protective devices are devices imposed to limit market access. (Main Author: William J. Miller) Market Access and National Treatment in the […]


Summary of Cartel

An alliance among firms in the same line of business aimed at controlling or dominating their field on an international basis.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Definition of Cartel In accordance with the work A Dictionary of Law, this is a description of Cartel : […]


Trust: Main Elements The coverage of Trust includes the following element(s): Trust For detailed information on this issue, please read the corresponding entry. References See Also Business Law (in international or comparative law) Business Organizations (in international or comparative law) […]

Financial Market

Resources See Also Trade Market White Market Financial Market Trade Law Competition Law


Summary of Barter

A direct exchange of products without cash. In some cases, a third party is brought into the transaction to dispose of some or all of the goods in a third country; this practice is known as switch trading. See Countertrade.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Barter […]


In the United States For information about Trade in the context of international trade, click here Trade and the Laws of International Trade Prohibited actions Export Administration System Trade and the Laws of International Trade Intent Export Administration System American Coasting Trade: […]

Commodity Agreement

Commodity Agreement and the GATT Policy Negotiations In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Commodity Agreement: A formal international arrangement among exporters and importers of a commodity. Such […]

Consumer Protection

The Legal History of Consumer Protection This section provides an overview of Consumer Protection Privacy, Security and Internet Advertising in the Context of Internet Law Read, in this legal Encyclopedia, about the topic of this section, and, specially, about Introduction to Consumer […]


Related Fields Related topics include: Trade Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Market Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. White Market Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. Financial Market Find this subject in this World legal encyclopedia. […]