Currency Convertibility

Hierarchical Display of Currency convertibility Finance > Monetary economics > Exchange policy
Finance > Monetary economics > Money market > Money
Finance > Monetary economics > Monetary policy > Issuing of currency
Finance > Monetary relations > International finance > International […]

International Monetary Fund

International Monetary Fund Outline The UN Monetary and Financial Conference met in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States, from 1 to 20 July 1944. The Bretton Woods Agreement announced the establishment of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the International Bank for […]

EU Borrowing

Hierarchical Display of EU borrowing European Union > EU finance > EU financing > EU financial instrument
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Credit > Borrowing
Finance > Monetary relations > International finance > International loan EU borrowing Concept of EU borrowing See […]

Eurodollar

Eurodollar and Europe There is an entry on eurodollar in the European legal encyclopedia. Resources See Also Further Reading Entry "Eurodollar" in the work "A Concise Encyclopedia of the European Union from Aachen to Zollverein", by Rodney Leach (Profile Books; London)

Foreign Currency

Foreign Currency in International Trade Meaning of Foreign Currency, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The currency of any foreign country which is authorized medium of circulation and the basis for record keeping in that country. Foreign currency is […]

Petrodollar

Dollars remitted to oil-producing countries in settlement of petroleum purchase accounts. As a practical matter, purchases of petroleum from members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries are usually settled in U.S. dollars because of the immense volumes of currency required for these …

Special Drawing Rights

Summary of Special Drawing Rights

An artificial currency unit created by the international monetary Fund (read this and related legal terms for further details), or IMF, to argument international reserves. The expansion of world trade following World War II necessitated an expansion in […]

Foreign-exchange Reserves

Hierarchical Display of Foreign-exchange reserves Finance > Monetary relations > International finance
Industry > Iron, steel and other metal industries > Metals > Precious metal > Gold
Finance > Monetary economics > Exchange policy > Foreign exchange market > Foreign currency […]

Public Debt

Other Private Flows (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Other Private Flows means: _ category combining non-debtcreating portfolio equity investment flows (the sum of country funds, depository receipts and direct purchases of shares by foreign investors), portfolio debt flows […]

Gold Standard

Summary of Gold Standard

A system under which a nation's currency is freely convertible into gold. The quantity of gold per unit of currency is fixed by law. Most major trading nations, however, abandoned the gold standard because of the constraints it imposes upon liquidity, although […]

International Payment

Hierarchical Display of International payment Finance > Monetary relations > International finance
Finance > Monetary relations > Balance of payments
Finance > Free movement of capital > Free movement of capital > Capital movement
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Credit > […]

International Economic Law

Legal Issues International economic law is more likely to fall under the rubric of public international law, as it deals with international economic relationships between states. See, for example, Petersmann, 'International Economic Theory and International Economic Law: On the Tasks of a […]

Reserve Currency

Summary of Reserve Currency

The currency of a major trading national, widely accepted in international transactions and regarded as stable, that is held by the central banks or monetary authorities of other nations as a form of collateral for their own currency. The use of reserve […]

Financial Cooperation

Hierarchical Display of Financial cooperation International Relations > Cooperation policy > Cooperation policy
International Organisations > United Nations > UN specialised agency > World Bank
Finance > Monetary relations > Monetary relations > Monetary cooperation
International […]

Credit

Spanish Translation of credit This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in relation to credit and / or a definition of this topic: Haber (in Spanish, without translation of the dictionary entry). Spanish Translation of credit This is the legal translation of English to Spanish in […]

International Loan

Hierarchical Display of International loan Finance > Monetary relations > International finance
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Credit > Borrowing
European Union > EU finance > EU financing > EU financial instrument > EU borrowing International loan Concept of International […]

Gold Exchange Standard

A condition in which a nation maintains its reserves in a currency convertible into gold rather than in the metal itself. Since August 15, 1971, the U.S. dollar has not been freely convertible into gold by foreign central banks; it therefore does not qualify as a reserve currency for a nation on a g…

International Currency

Trends in International Political Economy: International Currency

Introduction to International Currency

Explosive growth in the exchange of foreign currencies in international markets has also transformed the global political economy (see foreign exchange). Advanced telecommunicatio…

Gold

Hierarchical Display of Gold Industry > Iron, steel and other metal industries > Metals > Precious metal
Finance > Monetary relations > International finance > Foreign-exchange reserves
Finance > Monetary economics > Money market > Money
Finance > Monetary economics > Exchange policy […]

World Bank

World Bank and the World Bank Group Further Reading A concise encyclopedia of the United Nations (including World Bank , H Volger, KA Annan -2010) The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations (TG Weiss – 2007) International Law: A Dictionary (including World Bank , Boczek, Boleslaw Adam -2005) […]

Bretton Woods Agreement

The product of an international conference on monetary and economic affairs held at the end of World War II, from which resulted the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank; the term is used most commonly in reference to a program for world monetary affairs that emerged from the conference an…

Capital Movement

Hierarchical Display of Capital movement Finance > Free movement of capital > Free movement of capital
Finance > Monetary economics > Exchange policy > Foreign exchange market
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Financial institution
Finance > Monetary relations > […]

Financial Solvency

Hierarchical Display of Financial solvency Law > Civil law > Civil law > Contract > Guarantee
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Credit > Borrowing > Indebtedness
Finance > Financial institutions and credit > Credit policy
Finance > Public finance and budget policy > Public […]

Exchange Rate

Exchange Rate in International Trade Meaning of Exchange Rate, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): The price of one currency expressed in terms of another, i.e., the number of units of one currency that may be exchanged for one unit of another currency. […]

Redemption of Public Debt

Hierarchical Display of Redemption of public debt Finance > Public finance and budget policy > Public debt
Finance > Monetary relations > International finance > External debt > Debt reduction
Business And Competition > Accounting > Accounting > Financial accounting > Amortisation […]

Balance of Payments

Balance Of Payments Summary of Balance Of Payments

The sum owed to or by a nation as the result of its international transactions during a given time period, usually one year. The balance of payments is calculated by subtracting the nation's total payments to foreigners from total […]

Global Political Economy

Introduction to International Political Economy The Study of International Political Economy

The study of international political economy developed rapidly as an academic discipline in the 1980s and 1990s. Scholars in this subject area generally adopt the theoretical perspectives of either …

International Political Economy Issues

Introduction to International Political Economy Future Directions

Since the end of the Cold War, liberalism has generally prevailed over mercantilism and Marxism in academic and policy debates regarding the international political economy. The global expansion in international trade, busines…