Criminal Procedure: Jurisdiction Introduction to Jurisdiction For a criminal conviction to be valid, both the sovereign power (the state or federal government) and the specific court that tries the accused must have jurisdiction (authority) over the crime charged. Jurisdiction refers to a […]


Introduction to Damages Damages, an award of money that a court of law requires be given to one who has suffered a loss, injury, or invasion of a legal right (as when one party to a contract does not fulfill its obligations) as a result of the act of another. Damages may be compensatory or […]

Witness Protection

Hierarchical Display of Witness protection Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Criminal procedure
Politics > Politics and public safety > Public safety > Political violence > Terrorism
Social Questions > Social affairs > Social problem > Crime > Organised crime
International […]


What is Terrorism? Government Definitions of Terrorism Introduction to Terrorism Legal statutes in most countries around the world regard terrorism as a crime. Yet there is considerable variation in how these laws define terrorism, even in countries whose laws derive from a common origin. […]

Criminal Procedure

Introduction to Criminal Procedure Criminal Procedure, body of law regulating the inquiry into whether a person has violated criminal law. Criminal procedure governs the investigation of crimes; the arrest, charging, and trial of accused criminals; and the sentencing of those convicted (found […]

Judicial Cooperation

In relation to Inter-American Treaties, Conventions and Agreements adopted within the framework of the OAS The Organization of American States (a list of Members of the Organization of American States is here) adopted the following international instruments regarding Judicial Cooperation, […]


Hierarchical Display of Indemnification Law > Civil law > Civil law > Liability
Law > Justice > Legal action > Criminal proceedings > Associated action for damages
Law > Criminal law > Criminal liability > Victim
Environment > Environmental policy > Pollution control measures > […]


Crime Detection Surveillance Introduction to Surveillance One of the oldest ways of detecting criminal activity is through surveillance. This method is used when it is likely that a crime will take place at a specific location or when certain persons are suspected of criminal activit…

Criminal Law

Introduction to Criminal Law Criminal Law, branch of law that defines crimes, establishes punishments, and regulates the investigation and prosecution of people accused of committing crimes. Criminal law includes both substantive law, which is addressed in this article, and criminal […]

Help for Victims

Hierarchical Display of Help for victims Law > Criminal law > Criminal liability > Victim
Law > Justice > Access to the courts > Local access to the law
Law > Justice > Judicial proceedings > Criminal procedure > Restorative justice
European Union > European construction > European […]

Search and Seizure

The Legal History of Search and Seizure This section provides an overview of Search and Seizure Search and Seizure Explained References See Also Criminal Law (in international or comparative law) Criminal Procedure (in international or comparative law) Resources See Also Criminal Law […]


• Why is duress a problem? We want to know people actually agreed to contract of their own free will. (either under subjective or objective theory). Also violates pareto superior economic model, where at least one of the parties is better off and the other is at least not worse off. […]

Burden of Proof

Introduction Burden of Proof, in law, responsibility for proving a disputed charge or allegation. In criminal trials, the prosecution has the heavy burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. In civil trials, the burden on the plaintiff is less rigorous. (1) For information on: […]


Self-Incrimination Introduction to Self-Incrimination Self-Incrimination, acts or declarations by which one implicates oneself in a crime. The Constitution of the United States prohibits the government from requiring a person to furnish self-incriminating testimony." (1) The Right against […]