Space Law Treaties

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Space Law Treaties

MULTILATERAL TREATIES AND AGREEMENTS

COMMENTARY

  • United Nations treaties, agreements, and declarations on space law
  • Space-based applications in air traffic management—A legal
    approach to the global ATM operational concept
  • The Global Exploration Strategy: The framework for coordination, May 2007
  • The intersection of air law and space law
  • Liability for damage caused by space objects under international
    and national law (see below)

In relation with Liability for damage caused by space objects under international
and national law:

  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • The Outer Space Treaty
  • The Rescue Agreement
  • The Liability Convention (see below)
  • Customary international law
  • National space law (see below)
  • Conclusion

In relation with the Liability Convention:

  • Launching State
  • Space object
  • Absolute liability
  • Fault-based liability
  • Joint and several liability
  • Defenses
  • Procedural issues

In relation with National space law:

  • State liability
  • Indemnification: including Indemnification of the state, Indemnification by the state and Indemnification of third parties
  • Insurance requirements
  • Liability caps
  • Liability waivers

TREATIES AND AGREEMENTS

  • UN and General Assembly Resolutions and status of international
    agreements relating to activities in outer space as of January 1, 2008
  • Convention for the establishment of a European organization for
    the development and construction of space vehicle Launchers; March 29, 1962
  • Convention for the establishment of a European space research
    organization, June 14, 1962
  • Treaty banning nuclear weapon tests in the atmosphere, in outer
    space and under water, August 5, 1963
  • Agreement on cooperation in intercontinental testing in connection
    with experimental communications satellites, September 14, 1963
  • “Outer Space Treaty”: Treaty on principles governing the activities
    of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the
    moon and other celestial bodies, January 27, 1967
  • “Rescue and Return Agreement”: Agreement on the rescue of
    astronauts, the return of astronauts and the return of objects
    launched into outer space, April 22, 1968
  • Agreement concerning the NATO Satellite Communications Earth
    Terminal in the United States between the government of the
    United States of America and the North Atlantic Treaty
    Organization, August 20, 1970
  • Agreement, with annexes, relating to the International
    Telecommunications Satellite Organization “INTELSAT,” August 20, 1971
  • Operating agreement relating to the International
    Telecommunications Satellite Organization “INTELSAT,” with annex, August 20, 1971
  • Agreement on the establishment of the “Intersputnik” International
    System and Organization of Space Communications, November 15, 1971
  • “Liability Convention”: Convention on International Liability for
    Damage Caused by Space Objects, March 29, 1972
  • Agreement between the government of the United States of America and certain governments, members of the European Space Research Organisation, for a cooperative programme concerning the development, procurement and use of a space laboratory in conjunction with the space shuttle system with memorandum of understanding between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European Space Research Organisation
  • Use of a space laboratory in conjunction with the space shuttle system, with memorandum of understanding between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European
    Space Research Organisation, August 14, 1973
  • Convention relating to the distribution of programme-carrying
    signals transmitted by satellite, May 21, 1974
  • “Registration Convention”: Convention on registration of objects
    launched into outer space, January 14, 1975
  • Convention for the establishment of a European space agency, May 30, 1975
  • The Agreement of the Arab Corporation for Space Communications
    (ARABSAT), April 14, 1976
  • Agreement on cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space
    for peaceful purposes (INTERCOSMOS), July 13, 1976
  • Headquarters agreement between the government of the United
    States of America and the International Telecommunications
    Satellite Organization, November 24, 1976
  • Convention on the International Maritime Satellite Organization
    (INMARSAT), September 3, 1976
  • Bogota declaration of the first meeting of equatorial countries,
    December 3, 1976
  • Convention on the prohibition of military or any other hostile use of
    environmental modication techniques, May 18, 1977
  • Convention on the transfer and use of data of the remote sensing of
    the earth from outer space, May 19, 1978
  • “Moon Treaty” Agreement governing the activities of states on the
    moon and other celestial bodies, December 18, 1979
  • Convention on the transfer and use of data of the remote sensing of
    the earth from outer space, August 21, 1979
  • International Telecommunication Convention, Final Protocol,
    Additional Protocols I-VII, and Optional Additional Protocol,
    November 6, 1982
  • Convention for the establishment of a European Organization for
    the Exploitation of Meterological Satellites (EUMETSAT), May 24, 1983
  • Memorandum of understanding between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the European Space Agency for the conduct of parallel detailed definition and preliminary design studies (Phase B) leading toward further cooperation in the development, operation and utilization of a permanently manned space station, June 3, 1985
  • The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, March 22, 1985
  • Convention establishing the European Telecommunications Satellite Organization EUTELSAT, September 1, 1985
  • Convention on early notification of a nuclear accident, September 26, 1986
  • The International COSPAS-SARSAT Programme Agreement, July 1, 1988
  • Agreement among the U.S., member states of the European Space Agency, Japan, and Canada on Cooperation in the detailed design, development, operation, and utilization of the permanently manned civil space station, with annex, September 29, 1988
  • Agreement between the United States, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom concerning application of the space station intergovernmental agreement pending its entry into force, January 29, 1998
  • The “Minsk Agreement” between the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, the Republic of Turkmenistan, the Republic of Uzbekistan, December 30, 1991
  • European convention relating to questions on copyright law and neighboring rights in the framework of transfrontier broadcasting by satellite, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, May 11, 1994
  • Memorandum of understanding among the United States, Norway and the United Kingdom for the development of synthetic aperture radar application to support coastal warfare and surface shipwake detection and characterization, with annexes, September 5, 1994
  • Agreement concerning cooperation on the Civil International Space Station, with annex, January 29, 1998
  • Agreement between the United States, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom concerning application of the Space Station Intergovernmental Agreement pending its entry into force, January 29, 1998
  • Agreement among the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the government of the Russian Federation and the government of the United States of America on Technology Safeguards associated with the launch by Russia of U.S. licensed spacecraft from the Baikonur Cosmodrome, January 26, 1999
  • Principles regarding processes and criteria for selection, assignment, training and certification of ISS (Expedition and Visiting) crewmembers, November 28, 2001
  • Memorandum of Understanding among the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) jointly and the Centre National D’etudes Spatiales (CNES) and the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) for cooperation in the Ocean Surface Topography Mission, April 7, 2006
  • Tashkent agreement concerning arrangements for maintaining and using space infrastructure facilities in pursuance of space programmes, May 15, 1992
  • Convention between the European Space Agency and Arianespace on the Ariane Launcher Production Phase; September 24, 1992
  • International Telecommunications Satellite Organization; Global Broadband Satellite Infrastructure: Initiative, draft resolution and memorandum of understanding; 2003-2004
  • Treaty of Lisbon, Articles 177-191 C115/128, September 5, 2008

Resources

See Also

  • Atmosphere and Space conventions
  • Aviation Law In Space Law
  • Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon
  • Air, Space, and Communications legal resources
  • Air law and law of outer space
  • Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects
  • Aviation and Outerspace Conventions
  • Space Law
  • Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space

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