South Sudan

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South Sudan

Sudan and South Sudan in 2011

United States views on international law (based on the document “Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law”): On October 13, 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) announced the extension of the designation of Sudan for TPS for 18 months through May 2, 2013. 76 Fed. Reg. 63,635 (Oct. 13, 2011). In a separate notice on the same day, DHS announced the designation of the newly-created Republic of South Sudan for TPS for a period of 18 months, through May 2, 2013. 76 Fed. Reg. 63,629 (Oct. 13, 2011). Both the extension and the designation were based on the determination that there was an ongoing armed conflict in Sudan and South Sudan and that extraordinary and temporary conditions exist that prevent nationals of either country from returning in safety. Excerpts below from the Federal Register notice of the designation of the Republic of South Sudan for TPS describe conditions in South Sudan that satisfy the criteria for designation. The notice of the extension for Sudan (not excerpted) includes a similar description.


On July 9, 2011, South Sudan became the world’s newest nation. Formal independence for South Sudan concluded the interim period of the January 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended more than two decades of civil war between the Government of Sudan in Khartoum and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). These groups had been fighting for the autonomy of South Sudan. While some provisions of the CPA were upheld, many contentious issues remain unresolved and present potential for further conflict.


During the past two years, South Sudan has experienced increasing violence related to intercommunal conflict, conflict between the SPLM/A and irregular armed forces, and targeted attacks on civilians by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). The transitional areas along the North-South border (Abyei, Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan) continued to suffer from inter-tribal tensions, and are flashpoints for violence involving government troops of both sides as well as irregular armed groups.

More about the Issue

According to an early 2011 report by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), during the past two years South Sudan has experienced increasing violence, mostly related to armed militia groups, including LRA and inter-tribal clashes. There are also reports of human rights abuses by southern security forces, including the police and the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). These reported abuses range from arbitrary detention to the killing of civilians. The SPLA also continues to have child soldiers within its ranks. The United Nations (UN) Security Council established the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) to assist with ”functions relating to humanitarian assistance, and protection and promotion of human rights.” As of May 31, 2011, UNMISS had 9,264 troops out of an authorized 10,000 total military personnel. UNMISS troops have sustained 60 fatalities since the mission deployed.


See Also

  • Nationality
  • Citizenship
  • Immigration
  • Asylum
  • Refugee Status
  • Sudan
  • South Sudan


See Also

  • Legal System
  • Country
  • Jurisdiction
  • Immigration
  • Consulate

Hierarchical Display of South Sudan

International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > African organisation > East African Community

South Sudan

Concept of South Sudan

See the dictionary definition of South Sudan.

Characteristics of South Sudan

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Translation of South Sudan

Thesaurus of South Sudan

International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > African organisation > East African Community > South Sudan

See also

  • Natural catastrophe
  • Republic of South Sudan

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