Introduction to Socialized Medicine
Socialized Medicine, public system of national health care. An example of socialized medicine is the medical service provided to the British people by the National Health Service Act of 1948. Doctors are paid salaries by the government with an additional payment per patient. Everyone is entitled to free medical care under the plan, which is funded by the national treasury and a health-insurance tax. Most European nations have some type of socialized medicine that generally provides physician’s care, hospital treatment, maternity benefits, and partial cost of medicines. In the former Soviet-bloc nations fairly complete medical services are financed by the government. The Canadian Medical Care Act of 1966 provides comprehensive medical coverage to all residents.
The United States has not made extensive use of socialized medicine, although Medicare and Medicaid cover a significant part of the population. In 1993 President Bill Clinton presented a plan for universal health insurance to the Congress of the United States. The plan was attacked fiercely for being too expensive, requiring excessive government regulation, placing too great a burden on small employers, and reducing the quality of care. Although various other health proposals were drafted by Congressional groups, Congress could not reach agreement on the health care issue, and the plan never came to a vote.” (1)
Notes and References
- Information about Socialized Medicine in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia
- Health Insurance
- Medicare (in the United States)
- Medicaid (in the United States)
- National Health Insurance (in the United States)
- International human rights law
- International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
- World Health Organization
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