Railway Consignment Note in International Trade
Meaning of Railway Consignment Note, according to the Dictionary of International Trade (Global Negotiator): A freight document indicating that the goods have been received for shipment by rail. The railway consignment note is a rail contract in which the parties are identified, the goods transported are described and responsibilities are assigned. It must be signed by the sender and by the carrier. When this document is included in the documentation of a letter of credit, if the letter does not identify the carrier, any signature or stamp of the railway company will be accepted as evidence that the document has been signed by the carrier. This document do not constitute a title to the goods (unlike the bill of lading B/ L) and therefore is not negotiable and cannot be issued “to order”; it is always nominative.
Railway Industry Substance List (RISL)
To help the Suppliers to realize their substances declaration, the Railway Industries, represented by UNIFE, have put in place a substances list (RISL). This list is available on the UNIFE website.
This list will be regularly updated, but it does not relieve the Suppliers of their responsibilities regarding the legal obligations.
The substances subject to restriction or legal provisions were taken up in this list, and associated to codes (UNIFE Categories). The details of codification are described below:
Prohibited in Area of Restriction [Acronym = P(AR)]
A substance classified as Prohibited shall not be present in finished goods, parts or components, defined in the “area of restriction” field. This is applicable to the entire scope of supply. This classification is due to legal prohibition provisions and these substances shall not be present in the delivery in that area. It must be noted that in some cases the same substance may be classified as “Prohibited” in a given area of restriction and as “Declarable for Assessment” in all other applications.
A substance classified as Declarable shall be declared in writing to the customer prior to delivery if present in the scope of supply. Declarable substances are separated into two categories:
Declarable for Assessment [Acronym= D(FA)]
A substance classified as Declarable for Assessment shall not be present in the scope of
supply unless assessment for use has been granted by the customer. If the scope of supply
contains a D(FA) Substance, a derogation shall be requested and granted by the customer
prior to delivery of the goods.
It must be noted that in some cases the same substance may be classified as “Prohibited”
in a given area of restriction and as Declarable for Assessment in all other applications
Declarable for Information [Acronym= D(FI)]
A substance classified as D(FI) shall be declared to the customer for their information.
All substances that are not listed in the UNIFE database and that are classified as
“Hazardous” according to the CLP Regulation (Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on
Classification, Labeling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) shall be considered as
Railway Suicide: An Introduction
The use of the railway as a suicide method has been a problem since the first networks were established in the first half of the nineteenth century. The wider impact of these individual tragedies is examined.
This entry draws on work designed to improve the response to these incidents and the restoration of railway services, as well as ultimately contributing to the prevention of railway suicides. The entry will examine examples of best practice in the management of this sad, emotional, and disruptive subject area of railway operations. It will consider also the legal, operating and social impacts of this form of suicide, and will assist delegates in managing this issue in the real world.
The scale and nature of suicide on railway and metro systems, the impact of railway suicide on victims, responders, operators, the public and on society and an examination of areas of responsibility of various agencies are included.
Transport by Rail Conventions and International Agreements
They include the following international instruments:
- International Convention to facilitate the crossing of frontiers for passengers and baggage carried by rail. Geneva, 10 January 1952
- International Convention to facilitate the crossing of frontiers for goods carried by rail. Geneva, 10 January 1952
- European Agreement on Main International Railway Lines (AGC). Geneva, 31 May 1985
- Agreement on International Railways between Arab Countries. Beirut, 14 April 2003
- Intergovernmental Agreement on the Trans-Asian Railway Network (with annexes). Jakarta, 12 April 2006
- Convention on International Customs Transit Procedures for the Carriage of Goods by Rail under Cover of SMGS Consignment Notes. Geneva, 9 February 2006
- Introduction to Securing and Policing Railway, Light Railway and Metro Systems
- Planning for Emergencies & Major Events and Building Resilience in Heavy Rail, Light Railway and Metro Systems
- Transportation Means
- Transport Law
- Transport Contract