Quorum

Quorum

A quorum is the minimum number of people o members of a committee, board of directors, society, meeting of shareholders, legislative assembly or other body required to be in attendance in order a vote can be taken or the body to act.

Legislative Quorum in Canada

As stated by the Canada’s Interpretation Act, which provides rules for the interpretation of legislation:

Majorities

Where legislation requires or authorizes more than two persons to do an act or thing, a majority of them may do it.

Quorum of Board, Court, Commission, etc.

Where legislation (or piece of legislation) establishes a board, court, commission or other body consisting of three or more members, in this section of the Canada’s Interpretation Act called an “association:

  • at a meeting of the association, a number of members of the association equal to, (i) if the number of members provided for by the legislation is a fixed number, at least one-half of the number of members, and (ii) if the number of members provided for by the legislation is not a fixed number but is within a range having a maximum or minimum, at least one-half of the number of members in office if that number is within the range, constitutes a quorum;
  • an act or thing done by a majority of the members of the association present at a meeting, if the members present constitute a quorum, is deemed to have been done by the association; and
  • a vacancy in the membership of the association does not invalidate the constitution of the association or impair the right of the members in office to act, if the number of members in office is not less than a quorum.

Introduction to Quorum

Quorum, minimal number of officers or members of a decision-making body, usually a majority, who must be present for voting or the conduct of business.” (1)

Quorum in Election Law

Number or percentage of votes or members needed for a vote or deliberations to be valid.

Meetings, Majority, Quorum

From the book The Clergyman’s Hand-book of Law, about Meetings, Majority, Quorum (1): In corporate meetings, meetings of boards, and meetings of committees duly called, a majority vote of those present determines the action of the body. If the membership is indefinite, those who attend such meeting constitute a quorum; but if the membership is definite, it requires a majority of the voting members to constitute a quorum, unless the law of the State or the constitution (articles of organization) or by-laws provide a different number.154

Quorum, Majority

From the book The Clergyman’s Hand-book of Law, about Quorum, Majority (1): A quorum of a congregation usually consists of those present at a duly called regular meeting, and a majority of those present is sufficient to carry questions, unless by rule or law otherwise provided.336 But where there is a definite body in a corporation which has established no other rule, a majority of the members of the corporation constitute a quorum.337 Where the minutes of the clerk stated that upon due notice the members of the corporation met, a quorum is presumed.338

Quorum

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on quorum explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here.

Resources

Further Reading

  • The entry “quorum” in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, 2009), Oxford University Press

Resources

Notes and References

  1. Charles M. Scanlan, The Clergyman’s Hand-book of Law. The Law of Church and Grave (1909), Benziger Brothers, New York, Cincinnati, Chicago

See Also

  • Religion
  • Church

Resources

Notes and References

  1. Charles M. Scanlan, The Clergyman’s Hand-book of Law. The Law of Church and Grave (1909), Benziger Brothers, New York, Cincinnati, Chicago

See Also

  • Religion
  • Church

Resources

See Also

  • Election Law
  • Electoral Laws
  • Electoral Legislation

Resources

Notes and References

Guide to Quorum

Quorum in Constitutional Law

From the Comparative Constitutions Project: The number of members of a house, committee, or other group that must be present before the group may conduct official business.

Hierarchical Display of Quorum

Politics > Parliamentary proceedings > Parliamentary procedure > Parliamentary vote

Quorum

Concept of Quorum

See the dictionary definition of Quorum.

Characteristics of Quorum

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Resources

Translation of Quorum

Thesaurus of Quorum

Politics > Parliamentary proceedings > Parliamentary procedure > Parliamentary vote > Quorum

See also