Permanent Court of Arbitration

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Permanent Court of Arbitration

Introduction to Permanent Court of Arbitration

Permanent Court of Arbitration, panel of arbitrators established by the Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, signed by 24 nations at the first international peace conference at The Hague, the Netherlands, in 1899. The panel was set up to facilitate the arbitration of international disputes. Under the convention, each of the contracting nations was permitted to select as many as four arbitrators, who were listed as members of the court and served for six years. The names of the members were kept on record, and disputing nations had access to the list to choose a tribunal of arbitrators to settle their differences. The court has never met as a body and is permanent only in that a panel exists from which arbitrators can be chosen.

Before World War I the court participated in the settlement of 15 cases, among which were the North Atlantic Coast Fisheries Arbitration between the United States and the United Kingdom; the Preferential Claims Arbitration among the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany, and Venezuela; and the Casablanca Deserters Arbitration between Germany and France. After World War I most nations came to believe that arbitration was not a satisfactory means of settling disputes, and the court was utilized less often. The example and reputation of the court were, however, influential in the decision to create the Permanent Court of International Justice in 1921.” (1)

Legal Materials

The Permanent Court of Arbitration “is an international organization offering a broad range of services for resolving disputes between States, as well as disputes between States and private parties and those involving inter-governmental organizations.” Information about the PCA and its publications, plus PCA Conventions (i.e., treaties), Rules of Procedure, and Model Clauses are all posted on the PCA Web site (www.pca-cpa.org).
The PCA helps publish some of the leading materials on international commercial arbitration These include materials by the International Council for Commercial Arbitration (ICCA), such as the Yearbook Commercial Arbitration, the International Handbook on Commercial Arbitration and the ICCA Congress Series, as well as the Arbitration CD-ROM, Resources on International Commercial Arbitration, produced in conjunction with Kluwer Law International.

More Documents

1

The Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Sudanese Peace Process: Legal Issues from the Abyei Arbitration in Reviewing the Mandate of an Ad Hoc Body
Jennifer McKay
Australian International Law Journal
Volume 16, 2009 p.233

LAW JOURNAL / LAW REVIEW

2

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 22, 2009 p.185

LAW JOURNAL / LAW REVIEW

3

Permanent Court of Arbitration
World Trade and Arbitration Materials
Volume 22, Number 2, April 2010

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4

HAGUE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS: – Permanent Court of Arbitration
Leiden Journal of International Law
Volume 23, Number 3, September 2010

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5

Government of Sudan v. Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (“Abyei Arbitration”)
Coalter G. Lathrop
American Journal of International Law
Volume 104, Number 1, January 2010 p.66

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Permanent Court of Arbitration award on the delimitation of an internal land boundary

6

Permanent Court of Arbitration
World Trade and Arbitration Materials
Volume 22, Number 1, February 2010

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7

THE PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION, EDS., MULTIPLE PARTY ACTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION
Thomas E. Carbonneau and Alham Usman
American Review of International Arbitration
Volume 19, Numbers 3-4, 2008 p.524

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8

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2008
Christiaan M.J. Krüner
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 21, 2008 p.229

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9

Permanent Court of Arbitration (ed.). Redressing lnjustices Through Mass Claims Processes: Innovative Responses to Unique Challenges
Christopher Gibson
American Journal of International Law
Volume 103, Number 1, January 2009 p.193

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10

Permanent Court of Arbitration (ed.) The Bank for International Settlements Arbitration Awards of 2002 and 2003
Gordon Blanke
Arbitration: The International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management
Volume 74, Number 3, August 2008 p.342

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11

Permanent Court of Arbitration (ed.) The Iron Rhine (Ijzeren Rijn) Arbitration (Belgium-Netherlands) Award of 2005
Gordon Blanke
Arbitration: The International Journal of Arbitration, Mediation and Dispute Management
Volume 74, Number 3, August 2008 p.343

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12

Permanent Court of Arbitration
Leiden Journal of International Law
Volume 21, Number 3, September 2008

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13

Resolution of International Disputes: The Role of the Permanent Court of Arbitration – Reflections on the Centenary of the 1907 Convention for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Leiden Journal of International Law
Volume 21, Number 3, September 2008 p.643

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14

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2007
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 20, 2007 p.213

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15

The Permanent Court of Arbitration in Indian Treaties : Its Role, Potential Procedural Problems, and Drafting Solutions
Daly, B.W.
Indian Journal of International Law
Volume 47, Number 3, 2007 p.359-376

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16

The Revitalization of the Permanent Court of Arbitration
J.J. VAN HAERSOLTE-VAN HOF
Netherlands International Law Review
Volume 54, Issue 2, August 2007 p.395

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17

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2006
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 19, 2006 p.203

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18

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2005
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 18, 2005 p.181

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19

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2004
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 17, 2004 p.343

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20

Environmental Disputes and the Permanent Court of Arbitration
ALEXANDRE-CHARLES KISS
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 16, 2003 p.41

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21

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2003
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 16, 2003 p.283

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22

The Potential for Arbitration of Cultural Property Disputes: Recent Developments at the Permanent Court of Arbitration
Daly, Brooks W.
Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals
Volume 4, Number 2, July 2005 p.261-280

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23

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION – WORK IN 2002
Tjaco T. van den Hout
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 15, 2002 p.255

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24

ENHANCED IMPLEMENTATION OF INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL Treaties BY JUDICIARY – ACCESS TO JUSTICE IN INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL LAW FOR INDIVIDUALS AND NGOS: EFFICACIOUS ENFORCEMENT BY THE PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
ALFRED REST
Macquarie Journal of International and Comparative Environmental Law
Volume 1, Number 1, 2004 p.1

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25

Letter Confirming Telephone Conversation with U.S. State Department relating to Arbitral Proceedings at the Permanent Court of Arbitration, March 3, 2000
Hawaiian Journal of Law and Politics
Volume 1, Summer 2004 p.296-298

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26

Larsen v. Hawaiian Kingdom Arbitration Award, Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Hague, February 5, 2001
Hawaiian Journal of Law and Politics
Volume 1, Summer 2004 p.299-338

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27

Agreement between Lance Paul Larsen and the Hawaiian Kingdom for the Settlement of the Case in the Permanent Court of Arbitration Concerning Alleged Liabilities of the Hawaiian Kingdom Government, September 21, 2001
Hawaiian Journal of Law and Politics
Volume 1, Summer 2004 p.339-340

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28

A Unified Forum? The New Arbitration Rules for Environmental Disputes Under the Permanent Court of Arbitration
Charles Qiong Wu
Chicago Journal of International Law
Volume 3, Number 1, Spring 2002 p.263

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29

Larsen v. The Hawaiian Kingdom
David J. Bederman and Kurt R. Hilbert
American Journal of International Law
Volume 95, Number 4, October 2001 p.927

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Permanent Court of Arbitration award on justiciability of case in which both sides sought recognition of Hawaii as an independent kingdom.

30

Permanent Court of Arbitration Draft Rules for the Resolution of Disputes Concerning Natural Resources and/or the Environment
PHYLLIS HAMILTON
International Community Law Review
Volume 3, Number 2, June 2001 p.143

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31

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 14, 2001 p.267

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32

The Permanent Court of Arbitration: Responding to a Century of Gl?balizati?n
TJACO T. VAN DEN HOUT
International Community Law Review
Volume 2, Number 4, December 2000 p.235

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33

HAGUE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Leiden Journal of International Law
Volume 13, Number 2, June 2000

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34

HAGUE INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS: Permanent Court of Arbitration
Leiden Journal of International Law
Volume 13, Number 1, March 2000

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35

PERMANENT COURT OF ARBITRATION
Hague Yearbook of International Law
Volume 13, 2000 p.295

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Conclusion

Notes and References

  1. Information about Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Encarta Online Encyclopedia

Guide

See Also

Arbitration
Mediation
Alternative Dispute Resolution
International Law
International Trade

References and Further Reading

About the Author/s and Reviewer/s

Author: international

Mentioned in these Entries

Arbitration Organizations worldwide, Convention (I) for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes 2, Convention (I) for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, Convention (II) for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes 2, Convention (II) for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes 3, Convention (II) for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals 3, European Energy Charter 12, International Court of Justice tags, International Court of Justice9, International Law Encyclopedia 8, International Law General resources, International business arbitration, International law index P, International law index, International law: Culture protection, List of International Law Selected Cases, by Subject, List of arbitral and ADR institutions by country, List of international public law topics, MPEPIL: International courts and tribunals, MPEPIL: International procedural law, MPEPIL: Public Law: P, MPEPIL: Settlement of disputes, Protocol on Environmental Protection 4, Statute of the International Court of Justice 2, Statute of the International Court of Justice, Treaties.

The Permanent Court of Arbitration the Nucleus of the Future Organization of the Family of Nations

Lassa Oppenheim, in the book entitled The Future of International Law, about The Permanent Court of Arbitration the Nucleus of the Future Organization of the Family of Nations, wrote in 1921: 24. I said, we have the beginning of the development before our eyes. It consists in the erection of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague, and in the permanent Bureau attached thereto. Here we have an institution belonging not to the individual contracting states but to the international society of states in contrast to the individual members, and it is open to the use of all the individual members. If the Declaration of London be ratified, and if (which scarcely admits of doubt) it be adopted by all the states which were not represented at the Conference of London, then the International Prize Court, which was decided on at the second Hague Conference, will become a fact. This Court will also become an organ of the international community. Mention must also be made of the so-called international bureaux of the so-called international unions, which have come into existence in the period beginning with 1874; for some at least of them will develop into organs of international society, although they so far are only organs of the respective special international unions.

Permanent Court of Arbitration

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on permanent court of arbitration explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here.

Permanent Court of Arbitration

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on permanent court of arbitration explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here.

Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA)

This section provides an overview of permanent court of arbitration (pca) within the legal context of Investment Arbitration Fora in international economic law, with coverage of Adjudication and Enforcement (Principles).

Resources

Further Reading

  • Brooks W Daly and Judith Levine, “Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA),” Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, Cheltenham Glos (United Kingdom), Northampton, MA (United States)

Resources

Further Reading

  • The entry “permanent court of arbitration” in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, 2009), Oxford University Press

Resources

Further Reading

  • The entry “arbitration, permanent court of” in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, 2009), Oxford University Press

Resources

Notes and References

Guide to Permanent Court of Arbitration

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