Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

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Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Bibliographic Details

Title: Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

ISBN: 9780195134056
Author: Katz, Stanley N.
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Subject: Legal History, Historical jurisprudence.
Series Volume: 6 Volume-set
Publication Date: 2009-04-17
Language: English
Pages: 3072

Review of Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History

Publisher Comments

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History is a comprehensive, international, interdisciplinary reference work that includes approximately 1,000 articles on all aspects of legal history throughout the world from ancient to modern times. Articles deal with private law, public law, and constitutional/higher law throughout the world; each article is signed by one of the set’s many noteworthy contributors, which include major scholars and experts.

For years, scholars have been investigating the remote origins of their respective national and religious laws. Only recently has there been a developing interest in and study of the history of law in modern times. The Encyclopedia will bring together the study of ancient law with the study of modern law – examining statutes and administrative rulings as well as judicial decisions, legislatures, agencies, and courts.

The Encyclopedia covers ancient, medieval, early modern, and modern law in eight legal traditions and geographical/cultural areas: Ancient Greek Law, Ancient Roman Law, Chinese Law, English Common Law, Islamic Law, Medieval Roman Law, United States Law, and law in other regions (Africa, Latin America, and South Asia among them).

It also addresses major categories of law within these traditions, including private law (contract, tort, civil procedure), varieties of public law (criminal law, administrative law, statutory law), and higher law/ constitutional law. It is the first encyclopedia of law to provide historical and contemporary comparisons of world legal systems.

Also from the Publisher

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History, edited by Stanley N. Katz, is the first encyclopedia of law to provide both historical and contemporary comparisons of the world legal systems. A truly international and interdisciplinary reference work, the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History covers legal history from ancient to modern times. Approximately 1,000 articles explore the traditions of Ancient Greek Law, Ancient Roman Law, Medieval Roman Law, Chinese Law, English Common Law, Islamic Law, United States Law, and the laws of such other regions as Africa, Latin America, and South Asia. Major categories of law explained in detail include private law (contract, tort, civil procedure), public law (statutory, criminal, etc.), and higher or constitutional law.

Using statutes and administrative rulings, judicial decisions, and descriptions of legislatures, agencies, and courts, the Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History offers a clear background on geographically distinctive laws, their origins, and their consequences throughout world history.

Table of Contents

VOLUME 1

Abbasid Dynasty
Aboriginal Law
Abortion in Hindu Law
Abrogation of Legal Norms (Naskh)
Absolutism
Abu al-Khattab, Mahfuz ibn Ahmad al-Kalwadhani
Abu Hanifa, al-Numan ibn Thabit
Abu Yala, Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn al-Farra al-Baghdadi
Abu Yusuf, Yaqub ibn Ibrahim
Academics
Accessory and Principal in Chinese Law
Accursius, Franciscus
Acknowledgment (Avowal; Iqrr)
Adat
Administration, Public Law of
Administrative Agencies
Administrative Decrees of the Political Authorities (Qnn)
– The Mamluk Period
– The Ottoman Period
Admiralty
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Law
Adoption
– Ancient Greek Law
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
– Hindu Law
Adultery in Ancient Greek Law
Advocate
– Ancient Athens
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Afghanistan, Islamic Law in
African Law
– African Law in the Precolonial Period
– African Law in the Colonial Period
– African Law after Independence
Agency
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Civil Law
Agricultural Contracts and Sharecropping in Islamic Law
Alciati, Andrea
Alcohol and Drugs
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
– United States Law
Alternative Dispute Resolution
Amili, Muhammad ibn Makki, al-
Amili, Zayn al-Din ibn Ali ibn Ahmad, al-
Amnesty in Chinese Law
Ancient Greek Law
– Overview and Historical Survey
– Sources
– The Origins of Ancient Greek Law
– The Archaic Period
– Hellenistic Law
– History of Scholarship
Ancient Near Eastern Law
Anglo-Saxon Law
Ansari, Murtadd ibn Muhammad Amin, al-
Anthropology and Ancient Greek Law
Antitrust
Appeal
– Chinese Law
– Review in Chinese Law
– English Common Law
Apportionment and Reapportionment
Arab Countries, Islamic Law in
– Overview
– Saudi Arabia
Arabian Peninsula
Arbitration in Ancient Athens
Argentina
Arms, Right to Bear
Arthastra
Articles of Confederation
Aoka
Assault
Assignment (Assignation)
Assignment (awlah)
Assizes
Athens
Attempt
Austin, John
Australia
Austria
Azo

Bailment in English Common Law
Baldus de Ubaldis, Petrus
Balinese Hindu Law
Balkan Peninsula, Islamic Law in the
Baltic Nations
Bangladesh
Banking and Finance in Islamic Law
Bankruptcy
– English Common Law
– United States Commercial Law
Banks and Banking
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Baqir al-Najafi, Muhammad Hasan ibn Muhammad
Barristers
Bartolus of Saxoferrato
Basil I and the Macedonian Renaissance
Beating and Whipping in Chinese Law
Beccaria, Cesare
Bello, Andres
Bentham, Jeremy
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bihbahani, Muhammad Baqir ibn Muhammad Akmal, al-
Bills of Exchange in English Common Law
Bishops and Archbishops
Blackmail
Blackstone, William
Body in Islamic Law
Bracton, Henry de
Brazil
Breach of Contract
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
British Commonwealth
Bud¿, Guillaume
Burglary in English Common Law
Burma
Business Law
Business Organizations
Byzantium
– Early Byzantium
– Later Byzantium to 1453
– Byzantine Legislation
– Byzantine Jurists
C
Cambodia
Canada
– Canadian Law
– Native Peoples
Cangue, The
Canon Law
– Orthodox Churches
– Protestant Churches
– The Codes of Canon Law (1917 and 1983)
– Courses and Classes
Capacity (Ahliyya)
Capital (Ras al-mal)
Capital Cases in Chinese Law
Capital Punishment
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
– The Muslim World in the Twentieth Century
Caribbean Law
Carpzov, Benedict
Carrara, Francesco
Celsus the Younger
Celtic Law
Censorship
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
Central American Republics
Central Government in English Common Law
Chancery
Charities
Children
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
Chile
China, Islamic Law in
Chinese Law, History of
– Shang Dynasty (c.16th?11th Century BCE)
– Western Chou Dynasty (c.1045?771 BCE)
– Eastern Chou, Spring and Autumn (771?464 BCE)
– Eastern Chou, Warring States (464?221 BCE), and Qin State and Empire (c. 350?206 BCE)
– Han Empire (206 BCE?220 CE)
– Three Kingdoms, Chin, and Southern Dynasties (220?589 CE)
– The Northern Dynasties (386?589 CE)
– Sui and T?ang Dynasties (581?907 CE)
– Five Dynasties and Sung Dynasty (907?1279 CE)
-Liao (937-1125 CE) and Chin (1115?1234 CE) Empires
-Yuan Dynasty (1279?1368 CE)
-Ming Dynasty (1368?1644 CE)
-Ch?ing (Qing) Dynasty (1644?1911 CE)
-The Republic, 1911?1949
– People?s Republic of China
– Hong Kong and Macau
– Taiwan
Chinese Law, Sources of
– Administrative Codes or Regulations
– Penal Codes
– Classical (Ritual) Writings
– Judicial Precedent
– Custom
– Guilds
Church and State in English Common Law
Church Councils and Conciliar Canons
Cicero
Citizenship
Civil Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Colonial United States
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in United States Law
Classical Legal Theory
Colebrooke, H. T.
Codes and Codification
– Ancient Greek Law
– Codifications in Ancient Roman Law
– Islamic Law
– Islamic Law in Africa
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law: Private Law
– United States Law
Cognitio and Imperial and Bureaucratic Courts
Coke, Edward
Collective Liability
Colombia
Commerce Clause
Commercial Law
– Ancient Greek Law
– Islamic Law: Classical Period
– Islamic Law: Modern Period
– United States
Commodity in Islamic Law
Common Law
– English Common Law
– United States Law
Common Pleas
Company Law
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Comparative Law
Compensation in Islamic Law
Competition
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Compurgation
Confession
– Chinese Law
– Confession and Acceptance of Sentence in Chinese Law
Conflict of Laws
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Law
Constitution
Constitutional Law
– English Common Law
– Constitutions and Constitutional Law in Islamic Law: Overview and The Arab Countries
– Constitutions and Constitutional Law in Islamic Law: Africa
– Constitutions and Constitutional Law in Islamic Law: Iran
– Constitutions and Constitutional Law in Islamic Law: Malaysia
– Constitutions and Constitutional Law in Islamic Law: Pakistan and Bangladesh
– India
Constitution of the United States
– The Constitution
– Amendments to the Constitution
– Interpretation of the Constitution
Consuetudo
Consumer Protection
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Hindu Law
– United States Law
Contract
– Ancient Greek Law
– Ancient Roman Law
– Byzantine Law
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
Contracts in Favor of Third Parties in English Common Law
Contracts and Unilateral Acts in Islamic Law
Contract for Delivery with Prepayment (Salam) in Islamic Law
– United States Civil Law
Contracts Clause
Conveyancing
Copyright in English Common Law
Corpus Iuris Canonici
Corruption in Chinese Law
Courts
– Ancient Greek: Courts and Magistrates in Ancient Athens
– Ancient Roman: Civil Courts
– Ancient Roman: Criminal Courts in the Roman Republic and the Empire
– Ancient Roman: Byzantium
– Chinese: An Overview of Chinese Courts and Judicial
-Chinese: The Censorate
– Chinese: The Central Court
-Chinese: The Emperor
-Chinese: Local Courts
-Chinese: The Ministry of Justice (Board of Punishments)
-English
-Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law: Courts and Cases
-Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law: Faculties Acting as Courts
-United States Federal
Credit in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Crimes against Life and Body
Criminal Law
Ancient Athenian Law
The Roman Republic
The Roman Empire
Byzantium
English Common Law
Crime and Punishment in Islamic Law
– India
– Colonial United States
– United States Law
Critical Legal Studies
Critical Race Theory
Cujas, Jacques
Cursing
Custom
– English Common Law
– South Asian Law

Damage (Darar)
Damage to Property in Chinese Law
Deceit
Decretals and Decretal Collections
Delay
Delict
– Roman Law
– Byzantine Law
De Luca, Giovanni Battista
Denmark
Denning, Alfred Thompson
Deposit
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
Dharma
Disability
Discrimination, Race and Sex
Dissent (Ikhtilf)
Divorce
– Ancient Greek Law
– English Common Law
– Consensual Divorce (Khul) in Islamic Law
– Hindu Law
Doctors’ Commons
Doing What Ought Not to Be Done
Domat, Jean
Donation (Gift)
Donation in Islamic Law
Donellus
Doubtful Cases
Dower in English Common Law
Dowry in Hindu Law
Draco
Due Process
Du Moulin, Charles
Duress
– English Common Law
– Ikrh
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Duty (Far)

Easements
East Africa, South Asian Law in
East Timor
Ecclesiastical Courts
Ecclesiastical Law in English Common Law
Education and Training
– Ancient Rome
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
– Faculties of Islamic Law and Law Schools
– Faculties and Teaching Methods
– United States
Education Law
Egypt
– Hellenistic Period
– Juristic Papyrology
– Islamic Law in Egypt
Elderlaw
Employment and Labor Law
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Law
– Labor Arbitration in United States Law
Enforcement in Islamic Law
English Common Law, Historiography of
English Law
English Legal Treatises
Enlightenment
Entails
Environmental Law
– English Common Law
– Indian Law
– United States Law
Equal Protection
Equity
– English Common Law
– United States Law
Error and Mistake
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Estates, Doctrine of
Ethiopia
Ethnic Groups in Chinese Law
Europe, Islamic Law in
European Communities
European Union
European Union, Private Law in
Evidence
– Ancient Athens
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Civil Procedure
Exchequer
Executive Power
Exile in Chinese Law

Faber, Antonius
Family
– Ancient Greek Law
– English Common Law
– Family and Kinship in Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Indian Family Law
– United States Law
Fatwa
Federalism
Feminist Legal Theory
Fetus in Islamic Law
Feudal Law
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Fideicommissum (Familiae)
Fiji
Filangieri, Gaetano
Filial Piety, Lack of
Final Process
Folk Law
Foreigners in Chinese Law
Formula
Forum, Exterior (hir), and Interior Forum
(Bin)
France
Fraud
– English Common Law
– Criminal Law in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Private Law in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Fundamental Duties
Fundamental Rights
Fungible Things (Mithliyyat)

Gambling in Chinese Law
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Theory
General Welfare Clause
Germanic Provincial Administration
Germany
Ghazali, Abu Hamid Muhammad
Gortyn
Graphe Paranomon
Gravina, Gian Vincenzo
Grotius, Hugo
Guarantee
Guatemala
Guilds in English Common Law
Guilt (Schuld)
Guyana

Hadi ila l-Haqq Yahya ibn al-Husayn, al-
Hastings, Warren
Health
Hilli, Jafar ibn al-Hasan, al-
Hindu Law
– Overview
– Vedic Law, 1500?800 BCE
– The Formative Period, 400 BCE?400 CE
– The Post-Formative Period, 400?1000 CE
– Medieval Hindu Law
– Anglo-Hindu Law
Hindu Nationalism
Hire in Chinese Law
History, Uses of
Homicide
Ancient Greek Law
Chinese Law
English Common Law
Hindu Law
Homosexuality
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
Housing
Hsueh Yun-Sheng (Xue Yunsheng)
Huber, Eugen
Humanism
Hungary

Ibn Abidin, Muhammad Amin
Ibn al-Mutahhar, Hasan ibn Yusuf al-Hilli, known as al-Allama
Ibn Aqil, Abu al-Wafa Ali
Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad
Ibn Hazm, Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Said
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr
Ibn Qudama, Muwaffaq al-Din Abu Muhammad Abdallah
Ibn Rushd, Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad
Ibn Rushd, Abu al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Rushd
Ibn Surayj, Ahmad ibn Umar
Ibn Taymiyya, Taqi al-Din Ahmad ibn Abd al-Halim
Illegality and Immorality
Immigration
Imperial Legislation
Incest in Chinese Law
Indian Subcontinent
– An Overview of Indian Law
– Christian Laws
Individual Effort of Legal Reasoning (Ijtihd)
Indonesia
Inheritance
– Ancient Greek Law
– Islamic Law
– United States Law
Inns of Court
Insanity
Insolvency
Institutional Writings
Insurance
– English Common Law
-Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Intellectual Property
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Southeast Asian Law
– United States Law
Intention in Chinese Law
International Law
Modern Public International Law
Islamic Public Law
Roman Law
Private Law in United States Law
Public Law in United States Law
Interpretation
Iran, Islamic Law in
Iraq, Islamic Law in
Irish Law
Irnerius
Isbahani, Daud, al-
Islamic Law
– Overview
– Sources and Methodology of the Law
– Genres of Legal Literature
– Legal and Ethical Qualifications
– Spheres of the Law in the Fiqh
– Transmission and Authenticity of the Reports from the Prophet
Islamic Law and Its Political Geography
– Balkan Peninsula
– Southeast Asia
Islamic Schools of Sacred Law:
– Shii Schools: The Imm School of Law
-Shii Schools: The Ismaili School of Law
-Shii Schools: The Zayd School of Law
-Sunni Schools: The anaf School of Law
-Sunni Schools: The anbal School of Law
-Sunni Schools: The Khriji School of Law
-Sunni Schools: The Mlik School of Law, Part 1
-Sunni Schools: The Mlik School of Law, Part 2
-Sunni Schools: The Shfi School of Law
-Sunni Schools: The hir School of Law
Italy
Ius

Jaina Law
Japan
Jewish Law
– Overview
– Ashkenazi Jews
– Sephardic Jews
– India
Jhering, Rudolf von
Jones, William
Judges
– Judges and Jurors in Ancient Greece
– Judges and Juries in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Judicial Power
Judicial Review in Islamic Law
– Classical Period
– Modern Period
Judiciary
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law: Classical Period
– Islamic Law: Modern Period
– United States Law
Julian
Jurisprudence of Concepts
Jurists
Jury
– English Common Law
– United States Law
Justice, Equity, and Good Conscience
Justice, Theories of
Justices in Eyre
Justices of the Peace
Justinian
Juvenile Justice in United States Law
Juwayni, Abd al-Malik ibn Abi Muhammad, Imam al-Haramayn

Kane, P. V.
Kasani, Abu Bakr ibn Masud
Khalil ibn Ishaq, ibn Musa al-Jundi
Khallal, Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Harun, al-
Khiraqi, Abu Umar ibn al-Husayn ibn Abdallah, al-
Kidnapping
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
King’s Bench
Kreittmayr, Wigul¿us Xaver Aloys von

Labeo, Marcus Antistius
Land
– Title and Subordinate Interests in Chinese Law
– Land Registration in English Common Law
– Leases of Land in English Common Law
Laos
Late Scholasticism
Law
Law and Economics
Law and Science
Law and Society
Law Merchant
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Law Reform Movements
Law Reporting in English Common Law
Lawyers
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
– United States Law
Lease and Tenancy Contracts
– Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Legal Acts and Legal Facts in Islamic Law
Legal Anthropology
Legal Literature in English Common Law
Legal Norms in Islamic Law, Production of
Legal Personality in Islamic Law
Legal Process
Legal Profession in Islamic Law, Part 1
Legal Profession in Islamic Law, Part 2
Legal Realism
Legal Reasoning
Legis Actiones
Legislation
– Ancient Greece
– Statute Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Legislative Assemblies (Leges, Plebiscites)
Legislative Power
Leibniz, Gottfried Wilhelm
Lex
Lex Irnitana
Libel and Slander
Liberia
Literature and Law in Ancient Greece
Litigation in Ancient Athens
Loan
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
Local Government Law
Logography
M
Maghrib and al-Andalus (Muslim Spain)
Magistrates (Praetor, Aedile)
Magna Carta
Mahdi li-Din Allah Ahmad ibn Yahya al-Murtada, al-
Maine, Henry
Malaysia
Maldives
Malik ibn Anas, ibn Malik al-Asbahi
Mansfield, Lord
Mansur bi-llah Abd Allah ibn Hamza, al-
Manusmriti
Maori Law
Maritime Law
– Ancient Greece
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Marriage
– Ancient Greek Law
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
– Hindu Law
Marumakkathayam
Mauritius
Melanesia
Mesne Process
Mexico
Military Tribunals

Mongolia
Monopolies
Mortgage
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Mortmain
Mufti
Muhammad Qadri Pasha al-Hanafi
Mutilation in Chinese Law
Mutual Concealment
Muzani, Abu Ibrahim Ismail ibn Yahya
N
Naga Law
National Socialist Law
Nationality in English Common Law
Native American Law
Natural Law
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Law
Negligence
Negotiable Instruments (Wertpapiere)
Nepal
Netherlands
New Zealand
Ntistra
Non-Muslims in Islamic Law
Noodt, Gerard
Notary
Nuisance in English Common Law

Oaths in Ancient Athens
Obligations
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Offenses against the State in Ancient Greece
Offenses against the State in Chinese Law
– Overview
– Disrespect (Bujing)
– Heterodox Beliefs
Offenses Damaging the Efficiency of Government
Offenses Threatening the Life or Well-Being of the Emperor
Offenses Threatening the Safety of the State or Dynasty
Offenses in Chinese Law, Classification of
Oldendorp, Johann
Option (Khiyr)
Ordeal in English Common Law
Ottoman Empire, Islamic Law in Asia Minor (Turkey) and the
Outlawry
Ownership (Milk)
P
Pakistan, Secular Laws in
Pancasila
Pandektenwissenschaft
Papinian
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Parliament
Parsi Law
Partnership
– Chinese Law
– Partnerships and Commercial Societies in Islamic Law
Paul
Penal Servitude in Chinese Law
Personal Law and General Law
Personal Status Law
– Personal Status Law in Islamic Countries
– Personal Status Law in South and Southeast Asia
Persons
– Roman Law
– Byzantine Law
– Islamic Law
Peru
Petty Assizes
Philippines
Philosophy and Law, Ancient Greek
Pleading
Pledge
– Chinese Law
– Rahn in Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Poison (Gu)
Poland
Political Crimes
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– United States Law
Political Dimension (Siysa Shariyya) of Islamic Law
Political Parties and Elections
Polynesia
Poor Laws in English Common Law
Pope and Papacy
Positivism in United States Law
Possession
– English Common Law
– Yad in Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Postmodernism and Law
Pothier, Robert Joseph
Poverty
Praetorian Edict
Precedent
– Doctrine of Precedent
– Stare Decisis
Prisons and Imprisonment
– Ancient Athens
– Chinese Law
– Islamic Law
Privacy:
– Islamic Law
– United States Law
Private Law, Concept of
Privileges
Procedure:
– Archaic Greek Law
– Athens: An Overview
– Trial Procedure in Ancient Athens
– Byzantine Law
– Criminal and Civil Procedure in Chinese Law
– Parties and Witnesses in Chinese Law
– Civil Procedure in English Common Law
– Criminal Procedure in English Common Law
– Proof and Procedure in Islamic Law
– Civil Procedure in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman
– Criminal Procedure in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Civil Procedure in United States Law
– Criminal Procedure in United States Law
Profit in Islamic Law
Property
– Ancient Greek Law
– Roman Law
– Byzantine Law
– Personal Property in English Common Law
– Real Property in English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Hindu Law
– United States Civil Law
Protection of Property in United States Law
Prostitution in Ancient Greek Law
Provincial Edicts and Government
Prussian Allgemeines Landrecht
Public Authority (Sultan) in Islamic Law
Public Interest Litigation
Public Law
– The Roman Republic
– The Roman Empire
– Byzantium
– English Common Law
– Public and Private Law in Islamic Law
Pufendorf, Samuel von
Punishment
– Ancient Athens
– Chinese Law: Overview
– Chinese Law: Administrative Punishments
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
– Hindu Law
– United States Law
Punishment, Theories Regarding Purpose of
Punishment and Status in Chinese Law
– Overview
– Age
– Disability
– Officials
– Relatives
– Slaves
– Women
Purity and Impurity in Islamic Law
Q
Qadi al-Numan, Ibn Muhammad ibn Mansur, al-
Qaffal, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Ismail al-
Qayrawani, Ibn Abi Zayd, al-
R
Rjadharma
Rjasana
Rape
– Ancient Greek Law
– Chinese Law
– English Common Law
Real Actions
Redemption
Regulation
– Overview
– Agriculture Regulation
– Securities Regulation
– Telecommunications Regulation
– Transportation Regulation
Reichskammergericht
Religion
– Religion and Law
– Religion and Law in Ancient Greece
– United States Law
Religious Law
– An Overview of Roman Religious Law
– The Influence of the Adoption of Christianity on Roman Religious Law
Remedies
Repudiation (alq)
Restitution in English Common Law
Revealed Texts (Na), Transmission of
Revelation, Forms of
Rhetoric in Ancient Greek Law
Rights in Islamic Law
Roman Citizenship and Latinitas
Roman Law:
– The Age of Justinian
– Historiography
Roman Law and English Common Law
Rule of Law
Russia
S
Sabinus, Massurius
Sadcra
Sahnun, Abd al-Salam ibn Said al-Tanukhi
Sale:
– Sale of Goods in Chinese Law
– Sale of Land in Chinese Law
– English Common Law
Sale of Goods in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Sale of Land in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Sarakhsi, Muhammad ibn Abi Sahl
Savigny, Friedrich Carl von
Scotland
Search and Seizure
Secularism in Indian Law
Senate, Roman
Sentence in Chinese Law
Separation of Powers
Serjeants at Law
Servitude in Real Estate
Servius Sulpicius Rufus
Sexual and Moral Regulation in Ancient Greece
Sexual Crimes in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Sexual Intercourse, Illicit in Chinese Law
Sexual Offenses in Chinese Law
Seychelles
Shafii, Muhammad ibn Idris, al-
Shaybani, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan
Shen Chia-Pen (Shen Jiaben)
Shirazi, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim ibn Aliruti
Sicily, Islamic Law in
Sikh Law
Singapore
Slavery:
– Ancient Greek Law
– Roman Law
– English Common Law
– South and Central America
– Slavery and Other Labor Systems in the Colonial United States
– United States Law
Smriti
Social Science, Uses of
Social Security in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Solicitors
Solon
Sources of Law in English Common Law
South Africa
Overview
Indian Law
South and Central America:
– Overview
– Pre-Colonial Laws
– Spanish Colonial Law
– Portuguese Colonial Law
– Other Colonial Laws
– Legal Pluralism
South Asian Law:
– Buddhist Law
– Muslim Law
– South Asian Laws in the United Kingdom
Southeast Asian Law:
– Overview
– Buddhist Law
– Chinese Laws
– Hindu Laws
– Muslim Laws
Spain
Sparta
Speech, Freedom of in:
– Ancient Athens
– Freedom of Speech and Press in the United States
Sri Lanka
Star Chamber
State Law in:
– The Confederation Period
– State Constitutions
State Sovereignty
Status in:
– Ancient Greek Law
– Chinese Law
Statutory Interpretation and Legislation
Stracca, Benvenuto
Strict Settlements
Subinfeudation and Substitution
Subki, Abd al-Wahhab ibn Ali al-
Succession in:
-Roman Law
-Byzantine Law
– Chinese Law
-English Common Law
-Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
-Hindu Law
-Family Law in the United States
Sumptuary Laws in Chinese Law
Supremacy Clause
Suriname
Sweden
Switzerland
System and Systematization
T
Takings Clause
Taxation in English Common Law
Taxation and Religion in Islamic Law, Part 1
Taxation and Religion in Islamic Law, Part 2
Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
United States Law
Tenure, Doctrine of
Territorial Concepts in Islamic Law
Thailand
Theft in Ancient Greek Law
Chinese Law
English Common Law
Theft and Robbery
Thomasius, Christian
Tibet
Tiraquellus
Tort in English Common Law
Tort, Negligence, and Delict
United States Law
Torture in Ancient Athens
Chinese Law
English Common Law
Islamic Law
Treason
Trial by Battle
Tribonian
Trinidad and Tobago
Trusts in English Common Law
Turkey:
– Islamic Law
– Turkish Law
Tusi, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, al-, Shaykh al-Taifa
Twelve Tables
U
Ulpian
Undue Influence in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Unger, Joseph
United States Law:
– The Colonial Period: General Introduction and Historical Overview
– The Colonial Period: The Sources of Colonial
– The Colonial Period: The Colonies in the Empire
– The American Revolution
– The Nineteenth Century
– The Twentieth Century
Universities
Unjust Enrichment in Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Uruguay
Usurpation (Ghab)
Usury:
– Illicit Commercial Gain (Rib) in Islamic Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
V
Vattel, Emer de
Venezuela
Vicarious Liability:
– English Common Law
– Medieval and Post-Medieval Roman Law
Vietnam
Villeinage
Vyavahra
W
Wansharisi, Ahmad ibn Yahya al-Tilimsani
War and Peace in Islamic Law
War Power
Welfare
Welsh Law
Wills:
– English Common Law
– Testamentary Disposition in Islamic Law
Windscheid, Bernhard
Witch Trials
Witnesses in Ancient Athens
Wolff, Christian von
Women:
– Ancient Greek Law
– The Position of Women and Equality in Ancient Rome
– English Common Law
– Islamic Law
– Women in Hindu Law
– United States Law
Worship in Islamic Law
Wounding in Chinese Law
Wrongful Judgment in Chinese Law
Y
Yemen
Z
Zasius, Ulrich
Zayd ibn Ali
Zeiller, Franz von
Zhang

See Also

The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law

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