List of International Humanitarian Treaties and Documents

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List of International Humanitarian Treaties and Documents

Treaties & documents from 1800 to 1900

  • Declaration Respecting Maritime Law. Paris, 16 April 1856.
  • Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field (Lieber Code). 24 April 1863.
  • Resolutions of the Geneva International Conference. Geneva, 26-29 October 1863.
  • Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 22 August 1864
  • Additional Articles relating to the Condition of the Wounded in War. Geneva, 20 October 1868.
  • Declaration Renouncing the Use, in Time of War, of Explosive Projectiles Under 400 Grammes Weight. Saint Petersburg, 29 November / 11 December 1868.
  • Project of an International Declaration concerning the Laws and Customs of War. Brussels, 27 August 1874.
  • The Laws of war on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
  • Final Act Of the International Peace Conference. The Hague, 29 July 1899.
  • Convention (II) with Respect to the Laws and Customs of War on Land and its annex: Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land. The Hague, 29 July 1899.
  • Convention (III) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention of 22 August 1864. The Hague, 29 July 1899.
  • Declaration (IV,1), to Prohibit, for the Term of Five Years, the Launching of Projectiles and Explosives from Balloons, and Other Methods of Similar Nature. The Hague, 29 July 1899.
  • Declaration (IV,2) concerning Asphyxiating Gases. The Hague, 29 July 1899.
  • Declaration (IV,3) concerning Expanding Bullets. The Hague, 29 July 1899.

Treaties & documents from 1900 to 2000

  • Convention for the Exemption of Hospital Ships, in Time of War, from The Payment of all Dues and Taxes Imposed for the Benefit of the State. The Hague, 21 December 1904.
  • Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 6 July 1906.
  • Final Act of the Second Peace Conference. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (III) relative to the Opening of Hostilities. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (IV) respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and its annex: Regulations concerning the Laws and Customs of War on Land. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (V) respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (VI) relating to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (VII) relating to the Conversion of Merchant Ships into War-Ships. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (VIII) relative to the Laying of Automatic Submarine Contact Mines. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (IX) concerning Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (X) for the Adaptation to Maritime Warfare of the Principles of the Geneva Convention. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (XI) relative to certain Restrictions with regard to the Exercise of the Right of Capture in Naval War. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (XII) relative to the Creation of an International Prize Court. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Convention (XIII) concerning the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in Naval War. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Declaration (XIV) Prohibiting the Discharge of Projectiles and Explosives from Balloons. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
  • Final Protocol to the Naval Conference of London, 26 February 1909.
  • Declaration concerning the Laws of Naval War. London, 26 February 1909.
  • Additional Protocol to the Convention relative to the Establishment of an International Prize Court. The Hague, 19 September 1910.
  • Manual of the Laws of Naval War. Oxford, 9 August 1913.
  • Treaty relating to the Use of Submarines and Noxious Gases in Warfare. Washington, 6 February 1922.
  • Rules concerning the Control of Wireless Telegraphy in Time of War and Air Warfare. Drafted by a Commission of Jurists at the Hague, December 1922 – February 1923.
  • Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare. Geneva, 17 June 1925.
  • Convention on Maritime Neutrality. Havana, 20 February 1928.
  • Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference. Geneva, 27 July 1929.
  • Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 27 July 1929.
  • Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 27 July 1929.
  • Treaty for the Limitation and Reduction of Naval Armaments, (Part IV, Art. 22, relating to submarine warfare). London, 22 April 1930.
  • First draft Convention adopted in Monaco (Sanitary cities and localities), 27 July 1934.
  • Draft International Convention on the Condition and Protection of Civilians of enemy nationality who are on territory belonging to or occupied by a belligerent. Tokyo, 1934.
  • Procès-verbal relating to the Rules of Submarine Warfare set forth in Part IV of the Treaty of London of 22 April 1930. London, 6 November 1936.
  • The Nyon Agreement, 14 September 1937.
  • Agreement supplementary to The Nyon Agreement. Geneva, 17 September 1937.
  • Draft Convention for the Protection of Civilian Populations Against New Engines of War. Amsterdam, 1938.
  • Agreement for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major War Criminals of the European Axis, and Charter of the International Military Tribunal. London, 8 August 1945.
  • Affirmation of the Principles of International Law recognised by the Charter of the Nüremberg Tribunal. Resolution 95 (I) of the United Nations General Assembly, 11 December 1946.
  • Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 9 December 1948.
  • Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference of Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Convention (II) for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Resolutions of the Diplomatic Conference. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
  • Principles of International Law Recognized in the Charter of the Nüremberg Tribunal and in the Judgment of the Tribunal, 1950.
  • Final Act of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. The Hague, 14 May 1954.
  • Protocol for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. The Hague, 14 May 1954.
  • Resolutions of the Intergovernmental Conference on the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict. The Hague, 14 May 1954.
  • Draft Rules for the Limitation of the Dangers incurred by the Civilian Population in Time of War. ICRC, 1956
  • Human Rights in Armed Conflicts. Resolution XXIII adopted by the International Conference on Human Rights. Teheran, 12 May 1968.
  • Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, 26 November 1968.
  • Respect for Human Rights in Armed Conflicts. Resolution 2444 (XXIII) of the United Nations General Assembly, 19 December 1968.
  • The Distinction between Military Objectives and Non-Military Objectives in General and Particularly the Problems Associated with Weapons of Mass Destruction. Edinburgh, 9 September 1969.
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction. Opened for Signature at London, Moscow and Washington. 10 April 1972.
  • European Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes. Strasbourg, 25 January 1974.
  • Convention on the prohibition of military or any hostile use of environmental modification techniques, 10 December 1976.
  • Final Act of the Diplomatic Conference of Geneva of 1974-1977.
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 8 June 1977.
  • Annex I (to the Protocol I) : Regulations concerning identification (as amended on 30 November 1993)
  • Annex I (to the Protocol I) : Regulations concerning identification (as of 6 June 1977)
  • Annex II (to the Protocol I)
  • Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 8 June 1977.
  • Resolutions of the Diplomatic Conference of Geneva of 1974-1977.
  • Convention of the OAU for the Elimination of Mercenarism in Africa. Libreville, 3rd July 1977.
  • Resolution on Small-Calibre Weapon Systems. Geneva, 28 September 1979.
  • Final Act of the United Nations Conference on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Geneva, 10 October 1980.
  • Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Geneva, 10 October 1980.
  • Protocol on Non-Detectable Fragments (Protocol I). Geneva, 10 October 1980.
  • Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices (Protocol II). Geneva, 10 October 1980.
  • Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons (Protocol III). Geneva, 10 October 1980.
  • International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries, 4 December 1989.
  • Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction, Paris 13 January 1993
  • Statute of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International humanitarian law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, 25 May 1993.
  • San Remo Manual on International Law Applicable to Armed Conflicts at Sea, 12 June 1994
  • Statute of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Genocide and Other Serious Violations of International humanitarian law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations committed in the territory of neighbouring States, between 1 January 1994 and 31 December 1994, 8 November 1994.
  • Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (Protocol IV to the 1980 Convention), 13 October 1995
  • Protocol on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby-Traps and Other Devices as amended on 3 May 1996 (Protocol II to the 1980 Convention as amended on 3 May 1996)
  • Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, 18 September 1997
  • Second Protocol to the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict The Hague, 26 March 1999

Treaties & documents from 2000

  • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, 25 May 2000
  • Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects. Geneva, 10 October 1980. Amendment article 1, 21 December 2001.
  • Agreement for and Statute of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, 16 January 2002
  • Protocol on Explosive Remnants of War (Protocol V to the 1980 Convention), 28 November 2003
  • Customary International Humanitarian Law , March 2005
  • Protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and relating to the Adoption of an Additional Distinctive Emblem (Protocol III), 8 December 2005
  • Convention on Cluster Munitions, 30 May 2008

Conclusion

Notes

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References and Further Reading

About the Author/s and Reviewer/s

Author: international

Mentioned in these Entries

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, Convention on the Rights of the Child, Geneva Conventions, Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field, International Criminal Court, International Humanitarian Law, International humanitarian law, Laws of war, Treaties, Treaty on the Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments.

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