In Islamic law, the deduction of legal prescriptions from the Quran or Sunnah by analogic reasoning. Qiyas provided classical Muslim jurists with a method of deducing laws on matters not explicitly covered by the Quran or Sunnah without relying on unsystematic opinion (ray or hawa).


See Also

  • Legal System
  • Country
  • Jurisdiction
  • Immigration
  • Consulate

Further Reading

  • International Association of Islamic Banks, Islamic Handbook of Islamic Banking, 6 vols. (Cairo: IAIB, 1977 –86)
  • Iqbal, Z., and Mirakhor, A., An Introduction to Islamic Finance: Theory and Practice (Singapore: Wiley Finance, 2007)
  • Jung, M. U. ibn S., The Administration of Justice in Islam (Lahore: Law Publishing, 1980)
  • Kamali, M. H., ‘Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: A Contemporary Perspective of Islamic Law’, in Grote, R. and Röder, T. (eds.), Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 19–33
  • Kamali, M. H., Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, 3rd edn (Cambridge: Islamic Texts Society, 2003)
  • Kavanaugh, K., ‘Narrating Law’, in Emon, A. M., Ellis, M. and Glahn, B. (eds.), Islamic Law and International Human Rights Law: Searching for Common Ground? (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 17–51
  • Kavanaugh, K., ‘Speaking Law to War’, Journal of Conflict and Security Law 17(1) (2012), 3–24
  • Kedourie, E., Democracy and Arab Political Culture (London: Frank Cass, 1992)
  • Khadduri, M., ‘Islam and the Modern Law of Nations’, American Journal of International Law 50 (1956), 358–72
  • Khadduri, M., The Islamic Law of Nations: Shaybani’s Siyar (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1966)
  • Klabbers, J., Peters, A., and Ulfstein, G. (eds.), The Constitutionalization of International Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)
  • Kolodziej, E.A. (ed.), A Force Profonde: The Power, Politics and Promise of Human Rights (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2003)
  • Korteweg, A., and Selby, J. (eds.), Debating Shariah: Islam, Gender Politics and Family Law Arbitration (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012)
  • Koskenniemi, M., ‘International Law and Hegemony: A Reconfiguration’, Cambridge Review of International Affairs 17(2) (2004), 197–218
  • Krisch, N., Beyond Constitutionalism: The Pluralist Structure of Postnational Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010)
  • Krivenko, E. Y., Women, Islam and International Law: Within the Context of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff, 2009)
  • Kruse, H., ‘The Foundations of Islamic International Jurisprudence’, Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society 3 (1955), 231–67
  • Kugle, S. A., ‘Framed, Blamed and Renamed: The Recasting of Islamic Jurisprudence in Colonial South Asia’, Modern Asian Studies 35 (2001), 257–313
  • Mallat, C. (ed.), Islamic Law and Finance (London: Graham & Trotman, 1998)
  • Mallat, C., The Renewal of Islamic Law: Muhammad Baqer as-Sadr, Najaf and the Shi’i International (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)
  • Mallat, C., ‘Tantawi on Banking Operations in Egypt’, in Masud, M., Messick, B. and Powers, D. (eds.), Islamic Legal Interpretation: Muftis and Their Fatwas (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 286–96
  • Pakistan, Government of, Report of the Pakistan Commission on the Status of Women (Islamabad: Government of Pakistan Printing Press, 1986)
  • Pakistan, Government of, Working Paper: The Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (Islamabad: Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1994)
  • Pannikar, R., ‘Is Human Rights a Western Construct?’, Diogenes 120 (1982), 75–102
  • Parekh, B., Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002)
  • Pearl, D., and Menski, W., Muslim Family Law, 3rd edn (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1998)
  • Peters, R., and Bearman, P. (eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Islamic Law (Farnham: Ashgate, 2014)
  • Philipp, T., ‘The Idea of Islamic Economics’, Die Welt des Islams 30 (1990), 117–39
  • Phillips, A., Multiculturalism without Culture (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007)
  • Rahman, F., Islam and Modernity: Transformation of an Intellectual Tradition (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982)
  • Rahman, F., Islamic Methodology in History (Karachi: Central Institute of Islamic Research, 1965)
  • Rahman, F., ‘Riba and Interest’, Islamic Studies 3 (1964), 1–43
  • Rahman, F., ‘Some Islamic Issues in the Ayyub Khan Era’, in Little, D. P. (ed.), Essays on Islamic Civilization Presented to Niyazi Berkes (Leiden: EJ Brill, 1976), pp. 284–302
  • Rahman, F., ‘The Status of Women in Islam: A Modernist Interpretation’, in Papanek, H. and Minault, G. (eds.), Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia (Delhi: Chanakya, 1982), pp. 285–310; also (revised) in G. Nashat (ed.), Women and Revolution in Iran (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983), pp. 37–54
  • Rai, S., Gender and the Political Economy of Development (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2002)
  • Rai, S. (ed.), Mainstreaming Gender, Democratising the State: Institutional Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003)
  • Ramadan, T., Western Muslims and the Future of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)
  • Razack, S., ‘Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Canadian Muslim Women’s Responses to Faith-Based Arbitration’, in Mehdi, R., Petersen, H., Sand, E. and Woodman, G. (eds.), Law and Religion in Multicultural Societies (Copenhagen: DJOF, 2008)
  • , pp. 83–94
    Razack, S., ‘The “Sharia Law Debate” in Ontario’, Feminist Legal Studies 15 (2007), 3–32
  • Redding, J. A., ‘Constitutionalizing Islam: Theory and Practice’, Virginia Journal of International Law 44 (2004), 773–97
  • Rehof, L. A., Guide to the Travaux Preparatoires of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (International Studies in Human Rights 29) (Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff, 1993)
  • Warde, I., Islamic Finance in the Global Economy, 2nd edn (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010)
  • Weiss, A. M., ‘Interpreting Islam and Women’s Rights: Implementing CEDAW in Pakistan’, International Sociology 18(3) (2003), 581–601W
  • elchman, L. Beyond the Code: Muslim Family Law and the Shari’a Judiciary in the Palestinian West Bank (The Hague: Kluwer, 2000)
  • Welchman, L., (ed.), Women’s Rights and Islamic Family Law: Perspectives on Reform (London: Zed, 2004)
  • Wellhausen, J., ‘Muhammads Gemeindeordnung von Medina’, in Skizzen und Vorarbeiten, vol. 4 (Berlin: Reimer, 1889), pp. 65–83
  • Welton, M. D., ‘Review of Hallaq’s The Impossible State: Islam, Politics, and Modernity’s Moral Predicament’, Middle East Journal 67(3) (2013), 492–3
  • Wiegers, G., ‘Dr Sayyid Mutawalli ad-Darsh’s Fatwas for Muslims in Great Britain: The Voice of Official Islam?’, in Maclean, G. (ed.), Britain and the Muslim World (Cambridge: Scholar Press, 2010), pp. 1–18
  • Wilson, R., The Development of Islamic Finance in the GCC (London: LSE, 2009)
  • Woodman, G. R., ‘The Idea of Legal Pluralism’, in Dupret, B., Berger, M., and Al-Zwaini, L. (eds.), Legal Pluralism in the Arab World (The Hague: Kluwer, 1999), pp. 3–19
  • Wormuth, F. D., The Origins of Modern Constitutionalism (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1949)
  • Wright, J. W., ‘Islamic Banking in Practice: Problems in Jordan and Saudi Arabia’, Centre for Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies, University of Durham, occasional paper 48, 1995
  • Yasin, M., and Banuri, T. (eds.), Dispensation of Justice in Pakistan (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)
  • Yildirim, Y., ‘Peace and Conflict Resolution in the Medina Charter’, Peace Review 18(1) (2006) 109–17
  • Yilmaz, I., Muslim Laws, Politics and Society in Modern Nation States (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005)
  • Zaman, M., ‘Religious Discourse and the Public Sphere in Pakistan’, Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée 123 (2008), 55–73
  • Zaman, M., The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007)
  • Zaman, S., Economic Functions of an Islamic State: The Early Experience (Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1991)

Hierarchical Display of Islam

Social Questions > Culture and religion > Religion
Social Questions > Social framework > Sociocultural group > Religious group > Muslim
Law > Sources and branches of the law > Legal science > Internal law of religions > Islamic law
Politics > Political framework > Political ideology > Political Islam


Concept of Islam

See the dictionary definition of Islam.

Characteristics of Islam

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Translation of Islam

Thesaurus of Islam

Social Questions > Culture and religion > Religion > Islam
Social Questions > Social framework > Sociocultural group > Religious group > Muslim > Islam
Law > Sources and branches of the law > Legal science > Internal law of religions > Islamic law > Islam
Politics > Political framework > Political ideology > Political Islam > Islam

See also

  • Mohammedanism