International Organizations

International Legal Research

Information about International Organizations in free legal resources:

Treaties & Agreements

International Organizations

Jurisprudence $ Commentary

European Union

IP Law

International Organizations

Introduction

An International Organization can be defined, following the International Law Commission, as an “organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal personality.

International Organizations in the 20th Century

Introduction to International Organizations

One sign of the important role of international organizations is how they have endured as international power relations shift. In 1991, the Soviet Union dissolved and the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States ended. Russia and other formerly communist countries in Eastern Europe ceased to pose a threat to the capitalist democracies of Western Europe. One might have expected NATO, which defended Western European nations, to go out of business, but it did not. Similarly, the creation of the WTO did not cause smaller free-trade associations such as NAFTA to end. Instead, the mosaic of international organizations continues to expand, particularly as new communications and information-processing technologies make international groups more practical and effective.

International organizations have emerged as important actors in international relations. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1997 for its work coordinating the efforts of IGOs, NGOs, and states to write, sign, and ratify the international treaty banning the use of land mines. International organizations are now able to pressure states into adopting certain courses of action. When a state will not act, international organizations can mobilize individuals to take action. In some matters, such as disaster assistance or aid for refugees, states have come to rely on international organizations to provide essential services that states are unwilling or unable to offer.

The interdependence of nations in the modern world means that no single nation can dictate the outcome of international conflicts. Nor can private groups and individuals rely on national governments to solve major world problems. Therefore, both governments and individuals will continue to turn to international organizations as an important way to address these problems and to protect their own interests. ” (1)

Cross References of International Organizations in International Law

  • Human Rights Council, information on International Human Rights in this legal Encyclopedia.
  • Immunities of international organizations, information on Privileges and Immunities in this legal Encyclopedia.
  • Outer space, information on Nationality, Citizenship and Immigration in this legal Encyclopedia.
  • Mid-east peace process, information on Nationality, Citizenship and Immigration in this legal Encyclopedia.

International organizations

Contents of International organizations

Contents of this subject matter include:

  • Basic Concepts of the law of International organizations
  • The Legal Status and Powers of International organizations
  • Participation in International organizations
  • Internal Operation of International organizations
  • Rule-Making by International organizations
  • Dispute Settlement through International organizations
  • Enforcement of Decisions by International organizations
  • Peace and Security Activities
  • The Responsibility and Accountability of International organizations
  • Future development of International organizations

International Organizations in Constitutional Law

From the Comparative Constitutions Project: An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. There are two main types of international organizations: international intergovernmental organizations, whose members are sovereign states; and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), which are private organizations. Generally the term international organization is used to mean intergovernmental organizations only.

Other Organizations

In relation to the international law practice and other organizations in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section:

International Organizations

About this subject:

Gulf Cooperation Council

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on other organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

International Civil Aviation Organization—Taiwan

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on other organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on other organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

Organization of American States

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on other organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

Puerto Rico’s Participation in International Organizations

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on other organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

List of International Organizations included that are intergovernmental organizations:

  • African Development Bank
  • African Union (AU)
  • Andean Community
  • Arctic Council
  • Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
  • Asian and Pacific Coconut Community
  • Asian Development Bank
  • Asian Productivity Organization
  • Asociacion Latinoamericana de Integration
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations
  • Helsinki Commission – Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
  • Bank for International Settlements
  • CAB International
  • Caribbean Community and Common Market
  • Caribbean Export Development Agency
  • Central American Bank for Economic Integration
  • Central Bank of West African States (BCEAO)
  • Centre on Integrated Rural Development for Asia and the Pacific
  • Chemical Weapons Convention. See OPCW
  • North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation
  • Commission for Labor Cooperation
  • Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR)
  • Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
  • The Commonwealth
  • Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • Community of Portuguese Speaking Nations (CPLP)
  • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
  • Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
  • Consultative Group to Assist the Poorest
  • Convention on Biological Diversity
  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Secretariat
  • Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
  • Council of the Baltic States
  • Council of Europe ?Directorate General I – Legal Affairs – Treaty Office
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
  • European Court of Human Rights ?HUDOC (Database of the case-law of the supervisory organs of the European Convention on Human Rights )
  • European Free Trade Association
  • European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)
  • European Central Bank (ECB)
  • European Patent Office
  • EUTELSAT [European Telecommunications Satellite Organization]
  • Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
  • Organisation Internationale de La Francophonie
  • Forum Fisheries Agency (of the South Pacific Forum) (FFA)
  • Free Trade Area of the Americas
  • G8 (Group of 8) Information Centre
  • G20 (Group of 20)
  • G77 (Group of 77)
  • General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM)
  • Global Environment Facility Secretariat
  • Gulf Cooperation Council
  • Helsinki Commission: see Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
  • International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC)
  • Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB) ?Statistics and Quantitative Analysis Unit
  • Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC)
  • Inter-Governmental Consultations on Asylum, Refugee and Migration Policies in Europe, North America and Australia
  • Inter-governmental Authority on Development
  • International Atomic Energy Agency
  • International Baltic Sea Fishery Commission (IBSFC) (ceased)
  • International Bureau of Education
  • International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization
  • International Coffee Organization
  • International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT)
  • International Copper Study Group (ICSG)
  • International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
  • International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
  • International Development Association
  • International Finance Corporation ?Publications
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development
  • International Hydrographic Organization
  • International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (UNIDROIT)
  • International Labour Organization (ILO)
  • International Maritime Organisation
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF) ?IMF Finances – Financial Data
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • International Rubber Study Group ?Rubber Statistics
  • International Seabed Authority
  • International Telecommunication Union
  • International Trade Centre
  • International Whaling Commission ?Publications
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union ?PARLINE Database [parliamentary, electoral system, and election results database]
  • INTERPOL See International Criminal Police Organization
  • Islamic Development Bank Group
  • Latin Union
  • League of Arab States
  • Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency
  • Nordic Council and Council of Ministers
  • North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation. See Commission for Labor Cooperation
  • North American Development Bank
  • North American Free Trade Agreement Secretariat (NAFTA)
  • Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
  • North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO)
  • North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ?Online Library
  • North-East Atlantic Fisheries Commission (NEAFC)
  • North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission (NPAFC)
  • North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES)
  • The Northern Forum
  • Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization NAFO
  • Nuclear Energy Agency
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
  • Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (The Chemical Weapons Convention Website)
  • Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Organization of American States (OAS)
  • Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)
  • Organization of the Islamic Conference
  • Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
  • Paris Club
  • Parlamento Amazónico
  • Pacific Islands Forum
  • Pacific Salmon Commission
  • Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO)
  • Permanent Commission for the South Pacific (CPPS)
  • Secretariat of the Pacific Community
  • South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
  • South Centre (An Intergovernmental Organization of Developing Countries)
  • South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission
  • Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization
  • UNIDROIT See International Institute for the Unification of Private Law
  • Universal Postal Union
  • Western European Union
  • The World Bank Group ?Data and Maps
  • World Conservation Union (IUCN)
  • World Customs Organization
  • World Food Programme
  • World Health Organization (WHO)
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • World Meteorological Organization
  • World Trade Organization (WTO) ?Download material
  • World Tourism Organization (WTO)

Other classification of international organizations:

Global institutions

This includes:

  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
  • OECD members list
  • United Nations

International financial institutions

This includes:

  • Bank for International Settlements (BIS)
  • European Central Bank (ECB)
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • Institute of International Finance
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • IMF Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board
  • World Bank

Commodity cartels

This includes:

  • Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
  • International Primary Aluminium Institute (IPAI)

World trade

This includes:

  • International Standardisation Organisation (ISO)
  • International Trade Centre
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
  • World Customs Organisation (WCO)
  • World Trade Organisation (WTO)
  • WTO members list – WTO observers list

Sustainable economic development

This includes:

  • Sustainable development in general
  • Global Futures Foundation
  • Group of 77
  • International Development Research Centre
  • International Institute for Environment and Development
  • International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
  • Natural Capitalism
  • Resources for the Future
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Food security

This includes:

  • Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
  • The Hunger Site
  • Institute for Agriculture and Food Policy
  • Hungerweb
  • World Food Programme
  • World Hunger Year

Human rights

This includes:

  • International Human rights
  • Amnesty International
  • Anti-Slavery
  • Ethical Trade Initiative (ETI)
  • European Court of Human Rights
  • International Labour Organisation (ILO)
  • US government reports on Human Rights
  • International Court of Justice
  • Minority Rights Group
  • UN High Commissioner for Human RightsUniversal Declaration of Human Rights in several languages

The environment

This includes:

  • International environment law
  • Environmental Treaties and Resource Indicators
  • Friends of the Earth International
  • Global Environment Facility
  • The Rainforest Site
  • Trade and Environment Database
  • United Nations Environment Programme
  • World Meterological Organisation (WMO)
  • World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Regional organisations

This includes:

  • Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC)
  • Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • European Union (EU)
  • North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
  • Organization of American States (OAS)
  • Organization of African Unity/African Economic Community (OAU/AEC)

International Organizations

In relation to the international law practice and international organizations in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section:

Privileges and Immunities

Note: there is detailed information and resources under these topics during the year 2013, covered by this entry on international organizations in this law Encyclopedia.

The Legal Relationship of International Organizations

This section provides an overview of the legal relationship of international organizations within the legal context of Architecture in international economic law..

International Organizations

In relation to the international law practice and International Organizations, please see the information on this world legal Encyclopedia.

Resources

See Also

  • International Organizations

Resources

See Also

  • International Organization
  • Foreign Relations
  • Organization

Resources

Further Reading

  • Marina Foltea, “The Legal Relationship of International Organizations,” Elgar Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, Cheltenham Glos (United Kingdom), Northampton, MA (United States)

Resources

Notes and References

Reference works

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