International Criminal Court resources

International Criminal Court resources

See International Criminal CourtInternational Criminal Law resources

The purpose of this international court is stated succinctly at the official United Nations Home Page in its “Overview” section as follows:

An international criminal court has been called the missing link in the international legal system. The International Court of Justice at The Hague handles only cases between States, not individuals. Without an international criminal court for dealing with individual responsibility as an enforcement mechanism, acts of genocide and egregious violations of human rights often go unpunished. In the last 50 years, there have been many instances of crimes against humanity and war crimes for which no individuals have been held accountable. In Cambodia in the1970s, an estimated 2 million people were killed by the Khmer Rouge. In armed conflicts in Mozambique, Liberia, El Salvador and other countries, there has been tremendous loss of civilian life, including horrifying numbers of unarmed women and children.4

Set out briefly below are sources for some of the major documents of the court, including the statute, (a charter-type convention), its preparatory history, and the continuing revisions, discussions, and ratification process.

1. Web Sites – Major Documents

The International Criminal Court’s official Web site contains:

  • the text of the

    Rome Statute of 17 July 1998 establishing an International Criminal Court

    , U.N.Doc. A/CONF.183/9 and corrections

  • Documents of the Preparatory Commission (1999-)
  • Documents of the Preparatory Committee for the Rome Conference (1996-1998)
  • Documents of the Ad Hoc Committee for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court (1995)

This list indicates, in reverse chronological order, the United Nations bodies which were set up, in sequence, to address the establishment of the court and the drafting of its statute.

In addition to the official United Nations sites referenced above, the following selected sites provide substantial information on the International Criminal Court:



See Also

References and Further Reading

About the Author/s and Reviewer/s

Author: international

Mentioned in these Entries

Advocacy, Attorney, International Court of Justice, International Criminal Court, International Criminal Law.



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