Illegal Immigration

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Illegal Immigration

Illegal Immigration


See Also

  • Migration
  • Internal Migration
  • Immigration Law


Further Reading

  • Alba, R., and Nee, V. (2003) Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Bauböck, R. (1994) Transnational Citizenship: Membership and Rights in International Migration. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.
  • Betz, H.G. (1994) Radical Right-wing Populism in Western Europe. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  • Borjas, G.J. (1990) Friends or Strangers: The Impact of Immigrants on the U.S. Economy. New York: Basic Books.
  • Brettell, C., and Hollifield, J.F. (2008) Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines. New York: Routledge.
  • Brochmann, G., and Hammar, T. (eds.) (1999) Mechanisms of Immigration Control: A Comparative Analysis of European Regulation Policies. Oxford: Berg.
  • Brubaker, R. (1992) Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Calavita, K. (1992) Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration and the INS. New York: Routledge.
  • Castles, S., and Davidson, A. (1998) Citizenship in the Age of Migration: Globalisation and the Politics of Belonging. London: Macmillan.
  • Castles, S., and Miller, M. (1998) The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. New York: Guilford.
  • Cornelius, W.A., Martin, P.L., and Hollifield, J.F. (eds.) (1994) Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Dahl, R.A. (1991) Modern Political Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
  • Ellermann, A. (2009) States against Migrants: Deportation in Germany and the United States. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fields, G. (1994) The Migration Transition in Asia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal 3 (1), 7–30.
  • Freeman, G.P. (1979) Immigrant Labor and Racial Conflict in Industrial Societies: The French and British Experiences. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Freeman, G.P. (1994) Britain, the Deviant Case. In W.A. Cornelius, P.L. Martin, and J.F. Hollifield (eds.) Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, pp. 297–302.
  • Freeman, G.P. (1998a) The Decline of Sovereignty? Politics and Immigration Restriction in Liberal States. In C. Joppke (ed.) Challenge to the Nation-State. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 86–108.
  • Freeman, G.P. (2007) Immigrant Incorporation in Western Democracies. In A. Portes and J. DeWind (eds.) Rethinking Migration: New Theoretical and Empirical Perspectives. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 122–46.
  • Geddes, A. (2003) The Politics of Migration and Immigration in Europe. London: Sage.
  • Givens, T.E. (2005) Voting Radical Right in Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Goodwin-Gill, G.S. (1996) The Refugee in International Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Guiraudon, V., and Lahav, G. (2000) A Reappraisal of the State Sovereignty Debate: The Case of Migration Control. Comparative Political Studies 33 (2), 163–95.
  • Hansen, R. (2000) Immigration and Citizenship in Postwar Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Haus, L. (1995) Openings in the Wall: Transnational Migrants, Labor Unions, and U.S. Immigration Policy. International Organization 49 (2), 285–313.
  • Hobsbawm, E. (1990) Nations and Nationalism since 1780. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (1990) Immigration and the French State. Comparative Political Studies 23 (April), 56–79.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (1992b) Migration and International Relations: Cooperation and Control in the European Community. International Migration Review 26 (2), 568–95.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (1997a) L’Immigration et l’Etat-Nation à la Recherche d’un Modèle National. Paris: L’Harmattan.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (1999a) Ideas, Institutions and Civil Society: On the Limits of Immigration Control in Liberal Democracies. IMIS-Beiträge 10 (January), 57–90.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (2000a) Migration and the “New” International Order: The Missing Regime. In B. Ghosh (ed.), Managing Migration: The Need for a New International Regime. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 75–109.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (2000c) Immigration in Two Liberal Republics. German Politics and Society 18 (1), 76–104.
  • Hollifield, J.F. (2005) Sovereignty and Migration. In M.J. Gibney and R. Hansen (eds.) Immigration and Asylum from 1900 to the Present, vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC–CLIO, pp. 573–6.
  • Hollifield, J.F., and Jillson, C. (eds.) (1999) Pathways to Democracy: The Political Economy of Democratic Transitions. New York: Routledge.
  • Huntington, S.P. (1996) The West: Unique, not Universal. Foreign Affairs 75 (6), 28–46.
  • Ireland, P. (1994) The Policy Challenge of Ethnic Diversity: Immigrant Politics in France and Switzerland. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Joppke, C. (ed.) (1998a) Challenge to the Nation-State: Immigration in Western Europe and the United States. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Joppke, C. (2001) The Legal-Domestic Sources of Immigrant Rights: The United States, Germany, and the European Union. Comparative Political Studies 34 (4), 339–66.
  • Kastoryano, R. (1997) La France, l’Allemagne et Leurs Immigrés: Négocier l’Identité. Paris: Armand Colin.
  • Kitschelt, H. (1995) The Radical Right in Western Europe. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
  • Koslowski, R. (2000) Migration and Citizenship in World Politics: From Nation-States to European Polity. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  • Kymlicka, W. (1995) Multicultural Citizenship. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Levitt, P. (2001) The Transnational Villagers. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • Martin, P.L. (1993) Trade and Migration: NAFTA and Agriculture. Washington, DC: Institute for International Economics.
  • Massey, D.S. (1998) Worlds in Motion: Understanding International Migration as the End of the Millennium. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Massey, D.S., Durand, J., and Malone, N.J. (2002) Beyond Smoke and Mirrors: Mexican Immigration in an Era of Economic Integration. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • Messina, A.M. (1996) The Not So Silent Revolution: Postwar Migration to Western Europe. World Politics 49 (1), 130–54.
  • Miller, M.J., and Martin, P.L. (1982) Administering Foreign Worker Programs. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath.
  • Morawska, E. (1990) The Sociology and Historiography of Immigration. In V. Yans-McLaughlin (ed.) Immigration Reconsidered: History, Sociology, and Politics. New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 187–238.
  • Norris, P. (2005) Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Portes, A. (1996) Transnational Communities: Their Emergence and Significance in the Contemporary World-System. In R.P. Korzeniewidcz and W.C. Smith (eds.) Latin America in the World Economy. Westport, CT: Greenwood, pp. 151–66.
  • Portes, A., and Bach, R.L. (1985) Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants to the United States. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Rogers, R. (ed.) (1985) Guests Come to Stay: The Effects of European Labor Migration on Sending and Receiving Countries. Boulder, CO: Westview.
  • Rosecrance, R. (1986) The Rise of the Trading State. New York: Basic Books.
  • Russell, S.S. (1986) Remittances from International Migration: A Review in Perspective. World Development 41 (6): 677–96.
  • Sassen, S. (2006) Territory, Authority, Rights: From Medieval to Global Assemblages. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Schmitter, B.E. (1979) Immigration and Citizenship in West Germany and Switzerland. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Chicago.
  • Schuck, P.H. (1998) Citizens, Strangers, and In-Betweens: Essays on Immigration and Citizenship. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Smith, R. (1997) Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Stark, O. (1991) The Migration of Labor. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell.
  • Straubhaar, T. (1988) On the Economics of International Labor Migration. Bern: Haupt.
  • Thränhardt, D. (1996) Europe: A New Immigration Continent. Münster: Lit Verlag.
  • Torpey, J.C. (2000) The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Waever, O., Buzan, B., Kelstrup, M., and Lemaitre, P. (eds.) (1993) Identity, Migration, and the New Security Agenda in Europe. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  • Weil, P. (1991) La France et ses Étrangers: L’Aventure d’une Politique de l’Immigration 1938–1991. Paris: Calmann-Lévy.
  • Weiner, M. (1995) The Global Migration Crisis: Challenge to States and to Human Rights. New York: HarperCollins.
  • Wilson, J.Q. (ed.) (1980) The Politics of Regulation. New York: Harper.
  • Zolberg, A.R. (1999) Matters of State: Theorizing Immigration Policy. In D. Massey (ed.) Becoming American, American Becoming. New York: Russell Sage, pp. 71–93.
  • Zolberg, A.R., Suhrke, A., and Aguayo, S. (1989) Escape from Violence: Conflict and the Refugee Crisis in the Developing World. New York: Oxford University Press.

2 thoughts on “Illegal Immigration”

  1. International migration is likely to increase in coming decades, unless there is some cataclysmic international event, like war or economic depression. Even after the 9/11 terrorist attack on the United States the liberal democracies have remained relatively open to international migration. Global economic inequalities mean that supply–push forces remain strong, while at the same time demand–pull forces are intensifying. The growing demand for highly skilled workers and the demographic decline in the industrial democracies create economic opportunities for migrants in the industrial democracies. Transnational networks have become more dense and efficient, linking the sending and receiving societies. These networks help to lower the costs and the risks of migration, making it easier for people to move across borders and over long distances. Moreover, when legal migration is not an option, migrants have increasingly turned to professional smugglers, and a global industry of migrant smuggling, often with the involvement of organized crime, has sprung up, especially in the last decade of the twentieth century. Hardly a week passes without some news of a tragic loss of life associated with migrant smuggling.

  2. Controlling immigration in liberal democracies requires “the state” to be attentive to the (human or civil) rights of the individual; if rights are ignored or trampled upon, then the liberal state risks undermining its own legitimacy and raison d’être. As international migration and transnationalism increase, pressures build upon liberal states to find new and creative ways to cooperate, to manage flows.

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