Gulf Cooperation Council

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Gulf Cooperation Council

Gulf Cooperation Council Outline

The council was established in 1981. It consists of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The council was intended to establish an economic community in the region. The members encourage free movement of capital within the community and cooperate to reduce restrictions on the business capacity of individuals within the community. The mechanism of the GCC consists of the Supreme Council (which is composed of the heads of the member states), the Ministerial Council and the General Secretariat. The Secretariat of the Council is located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.(1)

Gulf Cooperation Council in 2013

United States views on international law [1] in relation to Gulf Cooperation Council: On December 16, 2013, President Obama determined the Gulf Cooperation Council to be eligible to receive defense articles and defense services under the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the Arms Export Control Act. The determination was based on the finding “that the furnishing of defense articles and defense services to the Gulf Cooperation Council will strengthen the security of the United States and promote world peace.” 78 Fed. Reg. 78,163 (Dec. 24, 2013).


See Also

  • International Organization
  • Foreign Relations
  • Intergovernmental Organization
  • Regional Organization
  • Regional Integration



  1. Gulf Cooperation Council in the Digest of United States Practice in International Law



  1. John Mo, International Commercial Law

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) in relation with International Trade

In the context of trade organizations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following definition of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): A customs union including Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, founded in 1981. Objectives include political coordination and harmonization of economic, financial, commercial, and customs policies; and establishment of a common external tariff. Most internal tariffs were eliminated by 1982. Significant unification of tariff schedules and liberalization of trade in services was achieved by 1983 –with certain exceptions granted to Oman –and a minimum common external tariff was established on a group of products originating in third countries. GCC headquarters are in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; its principal administrative organs are the Supreme Council, the Ministerial Council, and the Secretariat-General.

Hierarchical Display of Gulf Cooperation Council

International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > Arab organisation
Geography > Economic geography > GCC countries

Gulf Cooperation Council

Concept of Gulf Cooperation Council

See the dictionary definition of Gulf Cooperation Council.

Characteristics of Gulf Cooperation Council

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Translation of Gulf Cooperation Council

Thesaurus of Gulf Cooperation Council

International Organisations > Extra-European organisations > Arab organisation > Gulf Cooperation Council
Geography > Economic geography > GCC countries > Gulf Cooperation Council

See also

  • AGCC
  • Arab Gulf Cooperation Council
  • GCC
  • Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf

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