European Organization for Nuclear Research

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European Organization for Nuclear Research

European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)

The European Organization for Nuclear Research, abbreviated as CERN (from the French 'Conseil européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire' or European Council for Nuclear Research, as its predecessor was called), is the world's largest particle physics laboratory, situated in the northwest suburbs of Geneva on the Franco–Swiss border. It was established in 1954 and has twenty European Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, the Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom

CERN's main function is to provide the particle accelerators and other infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research. Numerous experiments have been constructed at CERN by international collaborations to make use of them. It is also noted for being the birthplace of the World Wide Web. The main site at Meyrin also has a large computer centre containing very powerful data processing facilities primarily for experimental data analysis, and because of the need to make them available to researchers elsewhere, has historically been (and continues to be) a major wide area networking hub.

European Organization for Nuclear Research

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on european organization for nuclear research explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here.


See Also

  • International Organization
  • Foreign Relations
  • Intergovernmental Organization
  • Regional Organization
  • Regional Integration


Further Reading

  • The entry “european organization for nuclear research” in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, 2009), Oxford University Press


Further Information

European Organization for Nuclear Research – CERN

See Also

Research and development (R & D)

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