Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America

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Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America

Bibliographic Details

Title: Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America
Editors: John M. Herrick and Paul H. Stuart
Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc.
Publication Date: December 15, 2004
Pages: 560
Note: Includes bibliographical references and index.
LC Publication Data: 1. Public welfare-United States-Encyclopedias. 2. Public welfare-Canada-Encyclopedias. 3. Public welfare-Mexico-Encyclopedias. 4. Social reformers-United States-Encyclopedias.5. Social reformers-Canada-Encyclopedias. 6. Social reformersrs-Mexico-Encyclopedias.
ISBN: 0-7619-2584-8
Copyright: 2005

Reviews

Booklist Review

Here is a reference work that provides readers with information about the history of social welfare in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. According to the preface, the purpose of the encyclopedia is to give users basic information about how these three nations have dealt with social welfare issues, some shared and some unique, and “to describe important events, developments, and the lives and work of some key contributors.” Social welfare is defined broadly to include areas of education, informal mutual assistance, development of the profession of social work, and both voluntary charitable activities and -government–supported public welfare.
The 180 entries generally vary in length from one to just over four pages and include suggestions for further reading and, in some cases, collections of primary materials and “Current Comment,” which consists of lists of documents produced during the time described in the entry. Appendixes at the end of the book include a good chronology of social welfare events in each country, followed by a master bibliography and a well-constructed index with cross-references.

This encyclopedia has information in common with another recently published work, ABC-CLIO’s Poverty in the United States: An Encyclopedia of History, Politics and Policy (2004). There is also some overlap with another Sage publication, The Handbook of Social Welfare Management (2000). One unique strength of the title under review is its multinational perspective. Many topics, among them Food assistance policy, Philanthropy , and Social Security, are treated in separate entries for each country, making it easy to both focus on a particular country’s social welfare history and draw comparisons. The “Reader’s Guide” is also helpful in identifying entries associated with a specific nation, since it groups entries under Canada, Mexico, and United States, among other categories.

Although the quality of this encyclopedia is generally quite good, the issue for libraries is whether they can continue to justify the purchase of very specialized print encyclopedias. Recommended for those academic and public library collections where there is a specific need for basic information related to the history of social welfare in North America.

Diana Shonrock. Copyright © American Library Association.

Multicultural Review

“This book provides a consolidated historical time line that is inclusive of the unique contributions of urban and rural communities, immigrant and aboriginal peoples, and various social movements. The extensive chronologies are invaluable in that other sources often provide only limited time era or social welfare topic-specific chronologies.” (Donna McIntosh, 2005-09-01)

Lists

List of Entries of the Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America

  • Abbott, Edith (1876-1957)
  • Abbott, Grace (1878-1939)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Canada)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Mexico)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (United States)
  • Addams, Jane (1860-1935)
  • African Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Aging Policy (Canada)
  • Aging Policy (Mexico)
  • Aging Policy (United States)
  • Aid to Dependent Children/Aid to Families With Dependent Children (United States)
  • Altmeyer, Arthur Joseph (1891-1972)
  • American Public Welfare Association (United States)
  • Asian Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Ball, Robert Myers (b. 1914)
  • Bowers, Frank Swithun Barrington (1908-1992)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (1826-1890)
  • Canadian Association of Social Workers
  • Canadian Council on Social Development
  • Cassidy, Harry (1900-1951)
  • Charity Organization Societies (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Child Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Cohen, Wilbur Joseph (1913-1987)
  • Community Development (Canada)
  • Community Economic Development (Canada)
  • Conservative Views on Social Welfare
  • Constitution of 1917 (Mexico)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (Canada)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (United States)
  • Davidson, George Forrester (1909-1995)
  • Disability Policy (Canada)
  • Disability Policy (Mexico)
  • Disability Policy (United States)
  • DuBois, W. E. B. (1868-1963)
  • Economic Crisis, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Education Policy (Canada)
  • Education Policy (Mexico)
  • Education Policy (United States)
  • Family Allowance/Child Tax Benefit (Canada)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Canada)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Mexico)
  • Food Assistance Policy (United States)
  • Frazier, E. Franklin (1894-1962)
  • French Language and Identity (Canada)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Canada)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Mexico)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (United States)
  • General Insane Asylum: La Castañeda (Mexico)
  • Group Work (Canada)
  • Hamilton, Alice (1869-1970)
  • Health Policy (Canada)
  • Health Policy (United States)
  • Hendry, Charles Eric (1903-1979)
  • Hispanic Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Homelessness (United States)
  • Homestead Act (United States)
  • Hopkins, Harry Lloyd (1890-1946)
  • Housing Policy (Mexico)
  • Housing Policy (United States)
  • Hull House (United States)
  • Human Rights (Canada)
  • Hygiene and Public Health Policy During the Porfiriato (Mexico)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • International Social Welfare
  • Juvenile Justice Policy (United States)
  • Kelso, John Joseph (1864-1935)
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Land Reform (Mexico)
  • Lathrop, Julia Clifford (1858-1932)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (1843-1905)
  • Lurie, Harry Lawrence (1892-1973)
  • The Marsh Report (Canada)
  • Medicine and Popular Healing Practices in Colonial Mexico
  • Mental Health Policy (Canada)
  • Mental Health Policy (United States)
  • Mexico City Poor House
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)
  • Multiculturalism (Canada)
  • Mutual Aid (United States)
  • National Association of Social Workers (United States)
  • National Conference on Social Welfare (United States)
  • National Council of Women of Canada
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • The New Deal (United States)
  • Peasant Movements and Social Programs (Mexico)
  • Perkins, Frances (1882-1965)
  • Philanthropy (Canada)
  • Philanthropy (Mexico)
  • Philanthropy (United States)
  • Poor Law (United States)
  • Poverty (Canada)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty Policy (Mexico)
  • Poverty (United States)
  • Progressive Era (United States)
  • Quebec Province Social
  • Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Race and Ethnic Relations (Canada)
  • Rank and File Movement (United States)
  • Rankin, Jeannette Pickering (1880-1973)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (United States)
  • The Rockefeller Foundation and Public Health (Mexico)
  • Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor (1884-1962)
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Rush, Benjamin (1745-1813)
  • Sanger, Margaret Higgins (1879-1966)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Settlement Houses (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (United States)
  • Small Systems Social Work (Canada)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Gospel (United States)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Social Security (Canada)
  • Social Security (Mexico)
  • Social Security (United States)
  • Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Before the Marsh Report
  • Since the Marsh Report
  • Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Before 1867
  • Since 1867
  • Social Welfare (United States)
  • Before the Social Security Act
  • Since the Social Security Act
  • Social Work Profession (Canada)
  • Social Work Profession (Mexico)
  • Social Work Profession (United States)
  • State Boards of Charities (United States)
  • Structural Social Work (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Mexico)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (United States)
  • Supplemental Security Income (United States)
  • The Survey (United States)
  • Tax Expenditures (United States)
  • Touzel, Bessie (1904-1997)
  • Urwick, Edward Johns (1867-1945)
  • Van Kleeck, Mary (1883-1972)
  • Voluntarism (United States)
  • Wald, Lillian D. (1867-1940)
  • War and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • War and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Canada)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Mexico)
  • Welfare Capitalism (United States)
  • Welfare Ministries in the Twentieth Century (Mexico)
  • Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (1862-1931)
  • Whitton, Charlotte (1896-1975)
  • Women and Poverty (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Work Relief (United States)
  • Young, Whitney (1922-1971)

Preface

Rationale

In the Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America, we endeavored to bring together basic information on the history of social welfare in the three major countries that constitute North America-Canada, Mexico, and the United States of America. Our intention was to provide readers with information about how these three nations have dealt with social welfare issues, some similar across borders, others unique, as well as to describe important
events, developments, and the lives and work of some key contributors to social welfare developments.

If we have succeeded, the encyclopedia will be useful to beginning students of social welfare
history as well as established scholars who are seeking to extend their investigations into new areas of inquiry.

This encyclopedia, the first of its kind, takes a continental, tri-national approach to its subject matter. Experts on the history of social welfare in Canada, Mexico, and the United States contributed entries to the volume. We have defined social welfare broadly, to include education, informal mutual assistance, the development of the social work profession, and voluntary charitable activities as well as state-supported public welfare activities. (The encyclopedia does not, however, attempt to cover the history of social work practice or the development of specialized education for social work or the other human services.) The
coverage is broad and interdisciplinary; contributors include scholars from the fields of anthropology, economics, education, health sciences, history, labor and industrial relations, political science, social work, and sociology.

Much published research on social welfare policy and social welfare history takes a national approach, with perhaps a nod to developments in other countries. In choosing a continental focus for this encyclopedia, the editors hoped to encourage, in a small way, crossnational
and comparative research. We hope that readers will find the encyclopedia a convenient guide and starting point for investigations of the development of social welfare history in any one of the three countries as well as for comparative studies.

Organization and Themes

The entries in the encyclopedia are, for the most part, chronological. In some cases, the entries are sui generis, unique to a particular country. In other cases, where appropriate, similar entries on two or on all three countries have been grouped together to facilitate cross-national comparisons. In addition, a Reader’s Guide is provided, which groups entries by country
and by topic.

Research Guides to studying social welfare history in Canada, Mexico, and the United States are provided in an appendix. Written by archivists, these guides introduce the reader to resources for further research, including archival depositories and printed primary sources in social welfare history in each of the three countries. Chronologies of important events in social welfare that are described in the entries are also provided. A chronology is presented for each of the three countries covered in this volume so that the reader can trace events in one country or compare developments in two or three countries at various points in time.

Editorial Process

Social work librarian Ruth Britton suggested a need for this encyclopedia. Surveying standard reference works showed a void in this area; hence, the project began. In planning this project, it was decided early on that its scope should be North American, including Canada, Mexico, and the United States. Our intention was to provide readers with information about how these three nations have dealt with social welfare issues, some similar across borders, others
unique, as well as to describe important events, developments and the lives and work of some key contributors to social welfare. Associate editors for Canada and Mexico, both of them experts in the history of social welfare in those countries, were invited to join the project and contributors, both established and emerging scholars, were recruited.

Our intention was to bring together in one source basic information about themes, issues, events, and personalities that shaped North American social welfare, broadly conceived. In deciding what to include, we were selective, admitting early on that we could not cover every issue, policy, or personality that might be relevant. In particular, it was not possible to provide
as much detail on the development of the helping professions, in particular social work, as some readers may wish. We hope the final product will provide readers with valuable information about national as well as cross-national social welfare history. And we hope that our work will encourage further study in this rich and complex field.

The history of North American social welfare shows how three nations, each with a complex history, have chosen to deal with the provision of social welfare programs and services to their
populations. Social welfare decisions in the past have affected the well-being of millions of people and individual and collective social welfare in the future remain a fundamental concern for all nations.

About the Editors

John M. Herrick

John M. Herrick has been a Professor in the School of Social Work and administrator at Michigan State University since 1973. Prior to that, he taught at King’s College, the University of Western Ontario (Canada), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Macalester College, St. Paul, Minnesota. His research interests and research publications have been in the areas of social welfare/social work history, social welfare policy and services, and health care policy and services for the elderly. He teaches undergraduate and graduate students. For
several years he was President of the Social Welfare History Group, a group of scholars who conduct social welfare historical research and promote interest in social welfare history among historians and social workers.

Paul H. Stuart

Paul H. Stuart is a Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Alabama, where he has taught since 1987. Prior to that, he taught at the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Washington University in St. Louis, and Augustana and Sioux Falls Colleges in South Dakota. He holds a MSW degree from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MA in History and a PhD in History and Social Welfare from the University of Wisconsin. His research interests include the history of Indian relations with the United States and the history of social welfare and
social work in the United States. A former President of the Social Welfare History Group, he is the author of several articles, book chapters, and books, including Nations within a Nation: Historical Statistics of American Indians (Greenwood Press, 1987).

Cited Encyclopedia by

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  • Social cash transfers to support children and families affected by HIV/AIDS. L Richter – Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies, 2010 – Taylor & Francis. In response to the critical need of affected children and families, the compelling evidence for their benefits, and the receptive environment on the part of governments and donors, several local and international organizations are piloting cash transfers programmes …
  • Claiming dignity, reconfiguring rights: gender, youth, and indigenous-led politics in Southern México. M Talcott – 2008 – Indigenous peoples living in the Mexican South are in the process of creating a new cultural politics of human rights. At present, state-sponsored development projects are accelerating displacement (Nash 2006; Vandergeest et al. 2007), reproducing racialized …
  • The future of social work as a profession. L Ginsberg – Advances in Social Work, 2008 – This is an introductory, overview article that summarizes some of the major issues social work will encounter as a profession in the 21st Century. Employment trends are projected. Clinical and other direct services employment appears to be much more …
  • Trabajo social con familias y resiliencia familiar: un análisis de la relación entre ambos conceptos. JF Barrera, BP Ramajo… – Revista Atlántida: revista …, 2012 – La intervención social con familias ha formado parte del trabajo social desde sus orígenes. Este artículo examina la relevancia y características del trabajo social con familias en el desarrollo histórico del Trabajo social y la situación actual.
  • An Analysis of Preschool Enrollment and Student Progress Measures Among Primary and Elementary Students. CD Freeman Jr – 2010 – The purpose of this study was to determine if a difference in Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) scores exists between students who attended Tennessee’s Voluntary Preschool for All program, Head Start, private preschool, …
  • The Anthropology of food. Linking maize to Mexican identity and the Chiapas uprising from a Bourdieusian perspective. L Hooper – 2012 – On New Year’s Day of 1994, guerrilla rebels from a south-eastern district called Chiapas captured several key municipalities, declaring armed resistance and the desire for an autonomous region from the Mexican government (Mertes, 2004, p. viii). This date …
  • Today’s Children are Tomorrow’s Parents, 2010 – G Ivan – The paper analyzes how child poverty impacts parents’ ability to exercise their parental role. I intend to analyze both children’s levels of poverty and their parents’ rights from the parenting perspective, in order to determine if the children’s rights in …
  • On Objects, Love, and Objectifications: Children in a Material World. L AbdelRahim – The Paulinian Compass, 2010 – This work first appeared as a 15-page paper for a doctoral seminar in education at McGill University, Montreal in October 2002. Claudia Mitchell, our professor, challenged us to reflect on the phenomenology of children’s space. My paper for that course focused on …
  • An Exploration of the Relationship Between Poverty and Child Neglect in Canadian Child Welfare. K Schumaker – 2012 – Objectives Concerns have been raised that child welfare systems may inappropriately target poor families for intrusive interventions. The term “neglect” has been critiqued as a class-based label applied disproportionately to poor families. The objectives of the study are to …

Classification of Entries into Categories

Note: Some entries may appear in more than one category.

Canada

  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Canada)
  • Aging Policy (Canada)
  • Bowers, Frank Swithun Barrington (1908-1992)
  • Canadian Association of Social Workers
  • Canadian Council on Social Development
  • Cassidy, Harry (1900-1951)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Community Development (Canada)
  • Community Economic Development (Canada)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (Canada)
  • Davidson, George Forrester (1909-1995)
  • Disability Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Education Policy (Canada)
  • Family Allowance/Child Tax Benefit (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Canada)
  • French Language and Identity (Canada)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Canada)
  • Group Work (Canada)
  • Health Policy (Canada)
  • Hendry, Charles Eric (1903-1979)
  • Human Rights (Canada)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • International Social Welfare
  • Kelso, John Joseph (1864-1935)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • The Marsh Report (Canada)
  • Mental Health Policy (Canada)
  • Multiculturalism (Canada)
  • National Council of Women of Canada
  • Philanthropy (Canada)
  • Poverty (Canada)
  • Quebec Province
  • Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Race and Ethnic Relations (Canada)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (Canada)
  • Small Systems Social Work (Canada)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Security (Canada)
  • Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Before the Marsh Report
  • Since the Marsh Report
  • Social Work Profession (Canada)
  • Structural Social Work (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Canada)
  • Touzel, Bessie (1904-1997)
  • Urwick, Edward Johns (1867-1945)
  • War and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Canada)
  • Whitton, Charlotte (1896-1975)
  • Women and Poverty (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)

Mexico

  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Mexico)
  • Aging Policy (Mexico)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Constitution of 1917 (Mexico)
  • Disability Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Education Policy (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Mexico)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Mexico)
  • General Insane Asylum: La Castañeda (Mexico)
  • Housing Policy (Mexico)
  • Hygiene and Public Health Policy During the Porfiriato (Mexico)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • International Social Welfare
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Land Reform (Mexico)
  • Medicine and Popular Healing Practices in Colonial Mexico
  • Mexico City Poor House
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • Peasant Movements and Social Programs (Mexico)
  • Philanthropy (Mexico)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty Policy (Mexico)
  • The Rockefeller Foundation and Public Health (Mexico)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Security (Mexico)
  • Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Before 1867
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Since 1867
  • Social Work Profession (Mexico)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Mexico)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Mexico)
  • Welfare Ministries in the Twentieth Century (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)

United States

  • Abbott, Edith (1876-1957)
  • Abbott, Grace (1878-1939)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (United States)
  • Addams, Jane (1860-1935)
  • African Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Aging Policy (United States)
  • Aid to Dependent Children/Aid to Families With Dependent Children (United States)
  • Altmeyer, Arthur Joseph (1891-1972)
  • American Public Welfare Association (United States)
  • Asian Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Ball, Robert Myers (b. 1914)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (1826-1890)
  • Charity Organization Societies (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Child Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Cohen, Wilbur Joseph (1913-1987)
  • Conservative Views on Social Welfare
  • Criminal Justice Policy (United States)
  • Disability Policy (United States)
  • DuBois, W. E. B. (1868-1963)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Education Policy (United States)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Food Assistance Policy (United States)
  • Frazier, E. Franklin (1894-1962)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (United States)
  • Hamilton, Alice (1869-1970)
  • Health Policy (United States)
  • Hispanic Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Homelessness (United States)
  • Homestead Act (United States)
  • Hopkins, Harry Lloyd (1890-1946)
  • Housing Policy (United States)
  • Hull House (United States)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • International Social Welfare
  • Juvenile Justice Policy (United States)
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-1968)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Lathrop, Julia Clifford (1858-1932)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (1843-1905)
  • Lurie, Harry Lawrence (1892-1973)
  • Mental Health Policy (United States)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)
  • Mutual Aid (United States)
  • National Association of Social Workers (United States)
  • National Conference on Social Welfare (United States)
  • The New Deal (United States)
  • Perkins, Frances (1882-1965)
  • Philanthropy (United States)
  • Poor Law (United States)
  • Poverty (United States)
  • Progressive Era (United States)
  • Rank and File Movement (United States)
  • Rankin, Jeannette Pickering (1880-1973)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor (1884-1962)
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (1882-1945)
  • Rush, Benjamin (1745-1813)
  • Sanger, Margaret Higgins (1879-1966)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Settlement Houses (United States)
  • Social Gospel (United States)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Social Security (United States)
  • Social Welfare (United States)
  • Before the Social Security Act
  • Since the Social Security Act
  • Social Work Profession (United States)
  • State Boards of Charities (United States)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (United States)
  • Supplemental Security Income (United States)
  • The Survey (United States)
  • Tax Expenditures (United States)
  • Van Kleeck, Mary (1883-1972)
  • Voluntarism (United States)
  • Wald, Lillian D. (1867-1940)
  • War and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Welfare Capitalism (United States)
  • Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (1862-1931)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Work Relief (United States)
  • Young, Whitney (1922-1971)

Criminal Justice, Delinquency, and Crime

  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Child Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (Canada)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (United States)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Homelessness (United States)
  • Hull House (United States)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • Juvenile Justice Policy (United States)
  • Kelso, John Joseph (Canada)
  • Poverty (Canada)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty (United States)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Mexico)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (United States)

Education and Social Service Programs

  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Canada)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Mexico)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (United States)
  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Bowers, Frank Swithun
  • Barrington (Canada)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (United States)
  • Canadian Association of Social Workers
  • Charity Organization Societies (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Child Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (Canada)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (United States)
  • Education Policy (Canada)
  • Education Policy (Mexico)
  • Education Policy (United States)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • French Language and Identity (Canada)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Canada)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (Mexico)
  • Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender Policy Issues (United States)
  • Group Work (Canada)
  • Health Policy (Canada)
  • Health Policy (United States)
  • Homelessness (United States)
  • Hull House (United States)
  • Human Rights (Canada)
  • Juvenile Justice Policy (United States)
  • Lathrop, Julia Clifford (United States)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (United States)
  • Mental Health Policy (Canada)
  • Mental Health Policy (United States)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • National Association of Social Workers (United States)
  • National Conference on Social Welfare (United States)
  • National Council of Women of Canada
  • Philanthropy (Canada)
  • Philanthropy (Mexico)
  • Philanthropy (United States)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Settlement Houses (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (United States)
  • Small Systems Social Work (Canada)
  • Social Work Profession (Canada)
  • Social Work Profession (Mexico)
  • Social Work Profession (United States)
  • Structural Social Work (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Mexico)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (United States)
  • The Survey (United States)
  • Touzel, Bessie (Canada)
  • Urwick, Edward Johns (Canada)
  • Voluntarism (United States)
  • Wald, Lillian D. (United States)
  • Wells-Barnett, Ida B. (United States)

Employment and Labor

  • Disability Policy (Canada)
  • Disability Policy (Mexico)
  • Disability Policy (United States)
  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Labor Movement and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Land Reform (Mexico)
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • Perkins, Frances (United States)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Canada)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Mexico)
  • Welfare Capitalism (United States)
  • Women and Poverty (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Work Relief (United States)

Families and the Life Cycle

Aged

  • Aging Policy (Canada)
  • Aging Policy (Mexico)
  • Aging Policy (United States)
  • Social Security (Canada)
  • Social Security (Mexico)
  • Social Security (United States)

Children

  • Aid to Dependent Children/Aid to Families With Dependent
  • Children (United States)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Child Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Child Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Family Allowance/Child Tax Benefit (Canada)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Juvenile Justice Policy (United States)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)

Families

  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Homelessness (United States)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)

Women

  • Family Violence (Canada)
  • Family Violence (Mexico)
  • Family Violence (United States)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)
  • Sanger, Margaret Higgins (United States)
  • Women and Poverty (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)

Health and Mental Health

  • Disability Policy (Canada)
  • Disability Policy (Mexico)
  • Disability Policy (United States)
  • General Insane Asylum: La Castañeda (Mexico)
  • Hamilton, Alice (United States)
  • Health Policy (Canada)
  • Health Policy (United States)
  • Hygiene and Public Health Policy During the Porfiriato (Mexico)
  • Medicine and Popular Healing Practices in Colonial Mexico
  • Mental Health Policy (Canada)
  • Mental Health Policy (United States)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Canada)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (Mexico)
  • Substance Abuse Policy (United States)

Income Maintenance Programs

  • Abbott, Edith (United States)
  • Aging Policy (Canada)
  • Aging Policy (Mexico)
  • Aging Policy (United States)
  • Aid to Dependent Children/Aid to Families With Dependent Children (United States)
  • Altmeyer, Arthur Joseph (United States)
  • American Public Welfare Association (United States)
  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Ball, Robert Myers (United States)
  • Charity Organization Societies (United States)
  • Cohen, Wilbur Joseph (United States)
  • Conservative Views on Social Welfare
  • Disability Policy (Canada)
  • Disability Policy (Mexico)
  • Disability Policy (United States)
  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Family Allowance/Child Tax Benefit (Canada)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Canada)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Mexico)
  • Food Assistance Policy (United States)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (United States)
  • The Marsh Report (Canada)
  • Mexico City Poor House
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • The New Deal (United States)
  • Perkins, Frances (United States)
  • Poor Law (United States)
  • Poverty (Canada)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty (United States)
  • Poverty Policy (Mexico)
  • Quebec Province Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Rank and File Movement (United States)
  • Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor (United States)
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (United States)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Social Security (Canada)
  • Social Security (Mexico)
  • Social Security (United States)
  • Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Before the Marsh Report
  • Since the Marsh Report
  • Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Before 1867
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Since 1867
  • Social Welfare (United States)
  • Social Welfare (United States) Before the Social Security Act
  • Social Welfare (United States) Since the Social Security Act
  • State Boards of Charities (United States)
  • Supplemental Security Income (United States)
  • Tax Expenditures (United States)
  • Van Kleeck, Mary (United States)
  • War and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • War and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Welfare Ministries in the Twentieth Century (Mexico)
  • Women and Poverty (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Work Relief (United States)

Race and Ethnic Relations

  • Abbott, Edith (United States)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Canada)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (Mexico)
  • Aboriginal People and Policy (United States)
  • Addams, Jane (United States)
  • African Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Asian Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (Canada)
  • Criminal Justice Policy (United States)
  • DuBois, W. E. B. (United States)
  • Education Policy (Canada)
  • Education Policy (Mexico)
  • Education Policy (United States)
  • Frazier, E. Franklin (United States)
  • French Language and Identity (Canada)
  • Hispanic Americans and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (Mexico)
  • Immigration and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • King, Martin Luther, Jr. (United States)
  • Multiculturalism (Canada)
  • Quebec Province Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Race and Ethnic Relations (Canada)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Young, Whitney (United States)

Social and Economic Development

  • Canadian Council on Social Development
  • Community Development (Canada)
  • Community Economic Development (Canada)
  • Constitution of 1917 (Mexico)
  • Davidson, George Forrester (Canada)
  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Canada)
  • Food Assistance Policy (Mexico)
  • Food Assistance Policy (United States)
  • Homestead Act (United States)
  • Housing Policy (Mexico)
  • Housing Policy (United States)
  • Hull House (United States)
  • Informal Economy (Mexico)
  • International Social Welfare Land Reform (Mexico)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • Peasant Movements and Social Programs (Mexico)
  • Philanthropy (Mexico)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty Policy (Mexico)
  • The Rockefeller Foundation and Public Health (Mexico)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (United States)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Social Work Profession (Mexico)
  • Structural Social Work (Canada)
  • Wald, Lillian D. (United States)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Canada)
  • Welfare Capitalism (Mexico)
  • Welfare Capitalism (United States)
  • Welfare Ministries in the Twentieth
  • Century (Mexico)

Government and Social Welfare

  • Abbott, Edith (United States)
  • Abbott, Grace (United States)
  • Addams, Jane (United States)
  • Conservative Views on Social Welfare
  • Constitution of 1917 (Mexico)
  • Economic Crises, Family and Gender, 1980s to the Present (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (Canada)
  • Economic Policy (Mexico)
  • Economic Policy (United States)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (Canada)
  • Federalism and Social Welfare Policy (United States)
  • French Language and Identity (Canada)
  • Hopkins, Harry Lloyd (United States)
  • Housing Policy (Mexico)
  • Housing Policy (United States)
  • Human Rights (Canada)
  • Hygiene and Public Health Policy During the Porfiriato (Mexico)
  • International Social Welfare Land Reform (Mexico)
  • The Marsh Report (Canada)
  • Mother and Family Programs (Mexico)
  • Mothers’ Pensions (United States)
  • Multiculturalism (Canada)
  • National Council of Women of Canada
  • Neoliberalism, Social Programs, and Social Movements (Mexico)
  • The New Deal (United States)
  • Peasant Movements and Social Programs (Mexico)
  • Poor Law (United States)
  • Poverty (Canada)
  • Poverty (Mexico)
  • Poverty Policy (Mexico)
  • Poverty (United States)
  • Progressive Era (United States)
  • Quebec Province Social Welfare
  • Policy (Canada)
  • The Rockefeller Foundation and Public Health (Mexico)
  • Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor (United States)
  • Roosevelt, Franklin Delano (United States)
  • Rural Education (Mexico)
  • Rural/Northern Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Social Democracy (Canada)
  • Social Gospel (United States)
  • Social Justice (United States)
  • Social Reform and State-Building (Mexico)
  • Social Reform Movements (Canada)
  • Social Reform Movements (United States)
  • Social Security (Canada)
  • Social Security (Mexico)
  • Social Security (United States)
  • Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Before the Marsh Report
  • Since the Marsh Report
  • Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Before 1867
  • Social Welfare (Mexico) Since 1867
  • Social Welfare (United States)
  • Before the Social Security Act
  • Since the Social Security Act
  • State Boards of Charities (United States)
  • Structural Social Work (Canada)
  • Tax Expenditures (United States)
  • War and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • War and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Welfare Ministries in the Twentieth Century (Mexico)

Nongovernmental Social Welfare

  • Association for Improving the Condition of the Poor (United States)
  • Brace, Charles Loring (United States)
  • Charity Organization Societies (United States)
  • Children’s Aid Society (United States)
  • Family Service Association of America (United States)
  • Group Work (Canada)
  • Lowell, Josephine Shaw (United States)
  • Mutual Aid (United States)
  • National Association of Social Workers (United States)
  • National Conference on Social Welfare (United States)
  • Philanthropy (Canada)
  • Philanthropy (Mexico)
  • Philanthropy (United States)
  • Progressive Era (United States)
  • Race and Ethnic Relations (Canada)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Religion and Social Welfare (United States)
  • Rush, Benjamin (United States)
  • Sanger, Margaret Higgins (United States)
  • Scientific Philanthropy (United States)
  • Settlement Houses (Canada)
  • Settlement Houses (United States)
  • Social Gospel (United States)
  • Social Work Profession (Mexico)
  • Social Work Profession (Canada)
  • Social Work Profession (United States)
  • Voluntarism (United States)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Canada)
  • Women and Social Welfare (Mexico)
  • Women and Social Welfare (United States)

List of Contributors to the Encyclopedia

  • Abramovitz, Mimi (Hunter College-City University of New York)
  • Achenbaum, W. Andrew (University of Houston)
  • Agostoni, Claudia (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Alvarez, Rodney R. (University of Central Florida)
  • Anderson, Linnea M. (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities Campus)
  • Andrews, Janice (University of St. Thomas)
  • Arrom, Silvia Marina (Brandeis University)
  • Baines, Donna (McMaster University)
  • Beechem, Michael (University of West Florida)
  • Beito, David T. (University of Alabama)
  • Bella, Leslie (Memorial University)
  • Bellamy, Donald F. (University of Toronto)
  • Bennett, Russell L. (University of Alabama)
  • Bergquist, Kathleen Ja Sook (University of Nevada-Las Vegas)
  • Birn, Anne-Emanuelle (University of Toronto)
  • Black, Allida (George Washington University)
  • Blau, Joel (Stony Brook University, State University of New York)
  • Bliss, Katherine (University of Massachusetts-Amherst)
  • Blum, Ann (University of Massachusetts, Boston)
  • Brachet-Márquez, Viviane (El Colegio de México, A.C.)
  • Bradshaw, Cathryn (University of Calgary)
  • Brilliant, Eleanor L. (Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey)
  • Brownlee, Keith (Lakehead University)
  • Buck, Sarah A. (Dona Ana Branch Community College/New Mexico State University)
  • Burson, Ike (Mississippi State University)
  • Burwell, N. Yolanda (East Carolina University)
  • Carlton-LaNey, Iris B. (University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill)
  • Carniol, Ben (Ryerson Polytechnic University)
  • Carp, E. Wayne (Pacific Lutheran University)
  • Carrillo, Hector (University of California-San Francisco)
  • Casas Torres, Graciela (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Cates, Jerry R. (University of Illinois at Chicago)
  • Chandler, Susan Kerr (University of Nevada-Reno)
  • Chisanga, Benson (University of Alabama)
  • Christie, Nancy (Trent University)
  • Church,Wesley T., II (University of Alabama)
  • Collins, Cyleste Cassandra (University of Alabama)
  • Contreras, Carlos Alberto (Grossmont College)
  • Csiernik, Rick (University of Western Ontario)
  • Cypher, James M. (California State University-Fresno)
  • Dawson, Alexander (Simon Fraser University)
  • De Vos, Paula (San Diego State University)
  • D’Elia, Donald J. (State University of New York, New Paltz)
  • Delaney, Roger (Lakehead University)
  • DeWitt, Larry W. (Social Security Administration)
  • Di Matteo, Livio (Lakehead University)
  • DiNitto, Diana M. (University of Texas-Austin)
  • Donahue, Peter (University of Calgary)
  • Duffy, Ann (Brock University)
  • Durst, Douglas (University of Regina)
  • Eisinger, Peter (Wayne State University)
  • Esser-Stuart, Joan E. (University of Miami Medical School/Jackson Memorial Hospital)
  • Este, David (University of Calgary)
  • Fixico, Donald (University of Kansas)
  • Flores-Briseño, Guillermo A. (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Fox, Daniel M. (Milbank Memorial Fund)
  • Frank, David (University of New Brunswick)
  • Gates, Leslie (Binghamton University-State, University of New York)
  • Gauss, Susan M. (University of Delaware)
  • Genco-Morrison, Bianca (Albuquerque Public Schools)
  • Ginsburg, Leon (University of South Carolina)
  • Gledhill, John (University of Manchester)
  • Gomes, Cristina (Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales-México)
  • González de la Rocha, Mercedes (Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropologia-Occidente)
  • Goodwin, Joanne L. (University of Nevada-Las Vegas)
  • Graham, John R. (University of Calgary)
  • Gray, Erin (University of Calgary)
  • Gripton, James (University of Calgary)
  • Grob, Gerald N. (Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey)
  • Hagen, Jan L. (University at Albany, State University of New York)
  • Hall, Peter Dobkin (Harvard University)
  • Harvey, Janice (Dawson College)
  • Heilman, Elizabeth (Michigan State University)
  • Herrick, John M. (Michigan State University)
  • Hopkins, June (George Washington University)
  • Horstman, Allen (Albion College)
  • Jansson, Bruce S. (University of Southern California)
  • Jennissen, Therese (Carleton University)
  • Jones, Gareth A. (London School of Economics and Political Science)
  • Kallen, Evelyn (Queen’s University)
  • Karabanow, Jeff (Dalhousie University)
  • Klaassen, David J. (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities)
  • Klein, Jennifer (Yale University)
  • Lai, Daniel (University of Calgary)
  • Lee, Bill (McMaster University)
  • Leighninger, Leslie (Arizona State University)
  • Leighninger, Robert (Arizona State University)
  • Lewis, Stephen E. (California State University-Chico)
  • Lindenmeyer, Kriste (University of Maryland-Baltimore County)
  • Lindhorst, Taryn (University of Washington)
  • Lundy, Colleen (Carleton University)
  • MacDonald, Alison B. (Alberta College of Social Workers)
  • Machtinger, Barbara (Bloomfield College)
  • MacLaurin, Bruce (University of Calgary)
  • Martínez, Elí Evangelista (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Maurutto, Paula (University of Toronto at Mississauga)
  • McCallum, Margaret (University of New Brumswick)
  • McGilly, Frank (McGill University)
  • McNeece, C. Aaron (Florida State University)
  • Medina-Mora, María Elena (Instituto Nacional de Psiquatría, México)
  • Mesbur, Ellen Sue (University of Waterloo)
  • Midgley, James (University of California, Berkeley)
  • Miller, Jim (University of Saskatchewan)
  • Montes de Oca Zavala, Verónica (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Morrissey, Megan (University of Minnesota-Twin Cities)
  • Nelson, Kristine (Portland State University)
  • Neufeld, Alfred H. (University of Calgary)
  • Nystrom, Nancy M. (Michigan State University)
  • Ochoa, Enrique C. (California State University-Los Angeles)
  • Oliver, Ellen (Memorial University)
  • Padilla, Tanalís (Dartmouth College)
  • Peebles-Wilkins,Wilma (Boston University)
  • Pescador, Octavio Augusto (University of California-Los Angeles)
  • Polzin, Michael J. (Michigan State University)
  • Popple, Philip R. (University of North Carolina at Charlotte)
  • Powell, Milton (Michigan State University)
  • Quinn, Peggy (University of Texas-Arlington)
  • Ramirez Solórzano, Martha Alida (Instituto Jalisciense de las Mujeres)
  • Rayside, David (University of Toronto)
  • Reisch, Michael (University of Michigan)
  • Rice, James J. (McMaster University)
  • Riches, Graham (University of British Columbia)
  • Rivera-Garza, Cristina (Instituto Technológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey-Toluca)
  • Samuels,Warren J. (Michigan State University)
  • Sanchez, Miguel (University of Regina)
  • Sanders, Nichole (Lynchburg College)
  • Saunders, Marlene (Delaware State University)
  • Schriver, Joe M. (University of Arkansas)
  • Selmi, Patrick (University of South Carolina)
  • Shaw, Greg M. (Illinois Wesleyan University)
  • Shillington, Richard (Canadian Council on Social Development)
  • Shragge, Eric (Concordia University)
  • Simon, Barbara Levy (Columbia University)
  • Splane, Richard B. (University of British Columbia)
  • Stamp, Robert M. (University of Calgary)
  • Stoner, Madeleine (University of Southern California)
  • Stotzer, Rebecca L. (University of Michigan)
  • Stuart, Paul H. (University of Alabama)
  • Sullivan, Nancy (Memorial University of Newfoundland)
  • Sussman, Sam (University of Western Ontario)
  • Swift, Karen (York University)
  • Taylor, Marcus (University of Alberta-Edmonton)
  • Thorpe,Wendy L. (Nova Scotia Archives & Records Management)
  • Tropman, John M. (University of Michigan)
  • Turner, Francis J. (Wilfrid Laurier University)
  • Ursel, E. Jane (University of Manitoba)
  • Valentich, Mary (University of Calgary)
  • Velcamp, Theresa Alfaro (Sonoma State University)
  • Venturini, Vincent J. (Mississippi Valley State University)
  • Waugh, Joan (University of California-Los Angeles)
  • Welch, David (University of Ottawa)
  • Wild, Timothy (City of Calgary)
  • Williams, Heather (Pomona College)
  • Wilson, Tamar Diana (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
  • Winterdyk, John (Mount Royal College)
  • Worthington, Catherine A. (University of Calgary)
  • Wright, Glenn (National Archives of Canada, Ottawa)
  • Yee, June Ying (Ryerson Polytechnic University)
  • Zamora Díaz de León, Teresa (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
  • Ziliak, Stephen T. (Roosevelt University)

See Also

Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History
Enciclopedia Giuridica
Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History
Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement
Building Law Encyclopaedia
Law and politics: a cross-cultural Encyclopedia
Gale Encyclopedia of Everyday Law
Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace
Crime and the Justice System in America: An Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia of American Immigration
Encyclopedia of the Supreme Court of the United States
Encyclopedia of Taxation and Tax Policy
Poverty in the United States: an encyclopedia of history, politics, and policy
Poverty in America: an Encyclopedia

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