Economic Development

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Economic Development

Economic Development of Society (in the Human Development Area)

In this context, Economic Development of Society means: is a multidimensional process, covering economic growth, structural changes in economy, improvement of conditions and quality of life.

Legal Issues in the Third World’s Economic Development

In 1974 a heterogeneous group of countries, commonly referred to as the developing nations, incorporated their proposals for a “New International Economic Order”1 into a United Nations General Assembly Resolution entitled The Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States (the Charter). The developing nations hoped to give legal form3 to the economic aspirations that they had articulated during the previous decade through the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).4 Many of these aspirations related to a redistribution of global resources through increased foreign aid, more extensive technology transfer, and higher export prices for primary products. The most controversial aspect of the Charter, however, was its rejection of the principle that compensation for expropriation of foreign-owned property be determined according to international legal norms by neutral international tribunals.

The 1981 “North-South” summit conference in Cancún, Mexico, revived interest in the Third World’s economic development. Therefore, it may be particularly appropriate at this time to examine the course of negotiations among developed and developing nations that led to adoption of the Charter.

An Historical Perspective on International Economic Cooperation

The Charter was heir to more than fifty years of experimentation in international economic and social cooperation programs from the First World War to the present, and notes their changing emphasis to reflect the increased bargaining power of the developing nations. For example, the International Monetary Fund’s scope of operations has expanded to accommodate the developing nations’ special needs for assistance in meeting balance of payments disequilibria.7 The work of other United Nations specialized agencies, in particular the International Labor Organization’s efforts to set labor standards, is mentioned to illustrate the way in which sovereign states have been subjected to the moral suasion of international economic organizations.8 Finally, the multilateral trade initiatives of Western European nations toward their former colonies,9 such as non-reciprocal tariff concessions and the STABEX system to finance export shortfalls, are contrasted with the United Nations programs.

Trade, Foreign Assistance and Technology Transfer

The Charter proposes a modification of the conditions of international trade to take into account the developing nations’ heavy reliance on exports of primary commodities as a source of capital. Although the Charter recognizes the role of free trade, it also calls for restrictive trade measures, including commodity producers associations and commodity agreements. The Charter urges the adjustment of prices of developing nations’ exports in line with the prices of their imports to remedy the asserted deterioration of the “terms of trade” between developed and developing nations. The developing nations are concerned with the perceived increased cost of their imports in terms of their exported commodities.

Source (maybe): William W. Park, “Arbitration of International Business Disputes”, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press

Related Fields

Related topics include:

Development

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Economics

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Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

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Political Economy

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Labor

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Employment Law

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International Labor Law

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Industrial Safety

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Labour

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Labor Right

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Labor Policy

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Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

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Social development

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Price Policy

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Price Control

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Pricing Strategy

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Dumping

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Social development

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Host State Regulation and Expropriation of Foreign Private Investment

Literature Review on Economic Development: Organization

In the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy, [1] C. Fred Baughman offers the following summary about the topic of Economic Development: Organization: This entry reviews public/private partnerships, their advantages and their disadvantages. It cites case studies to illustrate where these partnerships show a trend, or fail to engender public trust.

Resources

See Also

  • Economic Development
  • Economics

Resources

Notes and References

  1. Entry about Economic Development: Organization in the Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy (2015, Routledge, Oxford, United Kingdom)

See Also

Further Reading

  • Global Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Public Policy, and Governance (2018, Springer International Publishing, Germany)

Hierarchical Display of Economic development

Economics > Economic conditions
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy
Industry > Industrial structures and policy > Industrial policy > Industrial development
Economics > Regions and regional policy > Economic region > Development region
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Aid policy
International Organisations > World organisations > World organisation > Group of 77
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Aid policy > Development aid
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Development policy
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Development policy > Human development

Economic development

Concept of Economic development

See the dictionary definition of Economic development.

Characteristics of Economic development

Resources

Translation of Economic development

Thesaurus of Economic development

Economics > Economic conditions > Economic development
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Economic development
Industry > Industrial structures and policy > Industrial policy > Industrial development > Economic development
Economics > Regions and regional policy > Economic region > Development region > Economic development
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Aid policy > Economic development
International Organisations > World organisations > World organisation > Group of 77 > Economic development
International Relations > Cooperation policy > Aid policy > Development aid > Economic development
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Development policy > Economic development
Economics > Economic policy > Economic policy > Development policy > Human development > Economic development

See also

  • Economic upswing

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