East Bloc Countries

East Bloc Countries

Former East Bloc Countries and the GATT Policy Negotiations

In relation to the GATT Policy Negotiations, Christopher Mark (1993) provided the following explanation and/or definition of Former East Bloc Countries: Countries that comprised the now-defunct East Bloc (i.e., those “dominated by international communism,” in the language of the US Trade Act of 1974), many but not all of which have now abandoned central planning and moved to establish market economies. Includes the East European countries (CEECs), the former Soviet republics (NIS), China, Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, and Cuba. In the parlance of the 1960s, these countries comprised the “Second World,” between the industrialized “First World” countries and the underdeveloped “Third World.” Usage in the 1990s is still evolving; see countries in transition.



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