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IR Database (Information Retrieval Database) in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Ir Database (Information Retrieval Database) in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Ir Database (Information Retrieval Database) may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. Also called bibliographic databases, document databases, textual databases, textbases. The basic definition for the term IR database as used in this book is any database in any medium used for discovering and retrieving messages, texts, and documents. Thus, it includes the whole gamut of Information Retrieval databases presented to users via online connections, the world-wide web, CD-ROMs, or in print on paper: indexing and abstracting services (regardless of medium), library catalogs (including OPACs, online public access catalogs, and older card catalogs), bibliographies, and indexes, including back-of-the-book indexes (which can now be presented electronically with electronic books).

IR System (Information Retrieval System or Information Storage and Retrieval System)

Information retrieval databases have as their primary purpose the organization of data about messages, texts, and documents to facilitate their retrieval.

Despite this general focus on the content and features of messages and texts, many information retrieval databases must also deal with concrete entities and events related to the creation and transmission of messages and texts.

In contrast to concrete entity and event databases however, information retrieval databases are just as likely to focus on abstract, fictitious or imaginary entities, attributes and events, as compared to real concrete entities and events.

Database in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Database in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Database may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. Database is a relatively new word for a collection of data that is organized for retrieval. It is sometimes restricted to organized collections of data in electronic media, but in this book, the term database is used for any collection of data organized for retrieval, regardless of medium, so that printed indexes, catalogs, encyclopedias, and similar reference works constitute examples of databases as well as electronic retrieval tools on CD-ROM or available online or via the world-wide web.

Flat-File Database in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Flat-File Database in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Flat-File Database may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. A flat-file database is an Information Retrieval database based on the flat-file data model. In contrast to the rather sophisticated and highly structured relational and object-oriented models, a simple flat-file data model calls for nothing more than a single file containing many records, each of which contains the same set of fields (FOLDOC 2002, database). This simple model, sometimes called a flat file design, is quite common for Information Retrieval databases.

Full-Text Database in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Full-Text Database in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Full-Text Database may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. Full-text databases are Information Retrieval databases that contain the full text of the documents that they describe and organize for retrieval. Such texts may be based on a variety of representation codes, such as linguistic, pictorial, musical, mathematical, etc. We have long had full-text databases in print media. Examples include handbooks and encyclopedias. In addition, monographs with their own back-of-the-book indexes also qualify as full-text databases, because the text of the monograph is presented together with an index, and this index describes and reorganizes the content and other features of the text for retrieval. But usually, full-text database refers to electronic databases.

Object-Oriented Database in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Object-Oriented Database in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Object-Oriented Database may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. A more recent data model for databases is called object-oriented, as in object-oriented databases, related to object-oriented programming (FOLDOC 2002, object-oriented database). In these databases, algorithms for processing data are integrated with the data, so that data related to each object of importance have their own associated object-oriented programs.

Textual Database, Textbase in Legal Information Retrieval

The following is a basic concept of Textual Database, Textbase in relation to information retrieval. In addition to this, Textual Database, Textbase may be applied to legal texts, including case law, legislation and scholarly works. See Information Retrieval database.

Full-text database in Law Libraries

The follow definition of Full-text database is of use in law library research: A bibliographic database which contains the complete text of the bibliographic record (such as a journal article) which is referenced in the database.

Database in Law Libraries

The follow definition of Database is of use in law library research: An organized collection of computer records that have a standard format (e.g. Expanded Academic ASAP, LAMP Catalog). For an overview of databases and database searching see Searching Indexes.

Related Issues

User interface

The user interface, in the industrial design field of human-machine interaction, is the space where interaction between humans and machines occurs. The goal of interaction between a human and a machine at the user interface is effective operation and control of the machine, and feedback from the machine which aids the operator in making operational decisions.

Database

A database is an organized collection of data, today typically in digital form. The data are typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality (for example, the availability of rooms in hotels), in a way that supports processes requiring this information (for example, finding a hotel with vacancies). The term database is correctly applied to the data and their supporting data structures, and not to the database management system (DBMS).

Intellectual Property in the Context of Internet Law

Read, in this legal Encyclopedia, about the topic of this section, and, specially, about Database Protection and Screen Scraping

Database Exports in Election Law

An operation that is performed to transfer a set of data from one computer system to another (database import).

Intellectual Property in the Context of Internet Law

Database Protection and Screen Scraping

Resources

See Also

  • Election Law
  • Electoral Laws
  • Electoral Legislation

Resources

See Also

  • Databases
  • Relational
  • Reference
  • Hypertext
  • Language
  • Event
  • Record
  • Domain
  • Data
  • Document

Further Reading

  • Maristella Agosti , Roberto Colotti , Girolamo Gradenigo, A two-level hypertext retrieval model for legal data, Proceedings of the 14th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, p.316-325, October 13-16, 1991, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • P. D. Bruza , T. W. C. Huibers, Investigating aboutness axioms using information fields, Proceedings of the 17th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval, p.112-121, July 03-06, 1994, Dublin, Ireland
  • J. P. Dick, Conceptual retrieval and case law, Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Artificial intelligence and law, p.106-115, May 27-29, 1997, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
  • Judith P. Dick, Representation of legal text for conceptual retrieval, Proceedings of the 3rd international conference on Artificial intelligence and law, p.244-253, May 1991, Oxford, England
  • Hamfelt, A., Barklund, J., An Intelligent Interface to Legal Data Bases Combining Logic Programming and Hypertext. UPMAIL, Uppsala, 1989, UPMAIL Technical Report No. 60, 10p.
  • Oskamp, A., Model for Knowledge and Legal Expert Systems, in: Artificial Intelligence and Law 1: 245-274, 1993
  • Rissland, E., Artificial Intelligence and Law: Stepping Stones to a Model of Legal Reasoning, in: Yale Law Journal (99), 1990
  • R. Susskind, Expert systems in law, Oxford University Press, Inc., New York, NY, 1987
  • Voermans, W., Verharen, E., LEDA: A Semi-Intelligent Legislative Drafting-Support System, in: J.S. Svensson, J.G.J. Wassink and B. van Buggenhout (eds.), Legal Knowledge Based Systems, Proceedings 6th International Conference JURIX ’93, Koninklijke Vermande, Lelystad, 1993, p. 81-94
  • Zweigert, K., K6tz, H., An introduction to Comparative Law, Oxford University Press, 1992

Hierarchical Display of Database

Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing > Data processing
Education And Communications > Information and information processing > Information > Information system
Education And Communications > Communications > Communications systems > Telecommunications > Videotex > Interactive videotex
Science > Natural and applied sciences > Life sciences > Biology > Genetics > Genetic database

Database

Concept of Database

See the dictionary definition of Database.

Characteristics of Database

Resources

Translation of Database

Thesaurus of Database

Education And Communications > Information technology and data processing > Data processing > Database
Education And Communications > Information and information processing > Information > Information system > Database
Education And Communications > Communications > Communications systems > Telecommunications > Videotex > Interactive videotex > Database
Science > Natural and applied sciences > Life sciences > Biology > Genetics > Genetic database > Database

See also

  • Data bank

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