- Criminal Aspects of Immigration
- Crime Statistics and Social Patterns
- Crime Victimization and Immigration
Criminal Aspects of Immigration
Citizens in many countries have been concerned, in the history, with crime, and worry that they will be victimized by immigrants. The concern is based on the belief that foreign-born individuals are members of a criminal class who threaten community cohesion by committing a disproportionately large number of violent and property crimes. Violent crimes include homicide, rape, robbery, and assault. Property crimes include theft and fraud. Some offenses are crimes of habitation that involve threats against a person and their property (for example, burglary). According to Fox News (2015): “Statistics show the estimated 11.7 million illegal immigrants in the U.S. account for 13.6 percent of all offenders sentenced for crimes committed in the U.S. Twelve percent of murder sentences, 20 percent of kidnapping sentences and 16 percent of drug trafficking sentences are meted out to illegal immigrants.” 
Crime Statistics and Social Patterns
It is important when looking at crime statistics to consider numbers, rates, population counts, and types of crime and victimization reported or underreported. Social, cultural, and political changes can affect legal definitions of crime, sentencing lengths, and crime reporting patterns.
Social Disorganization, and Social Control
When crime rates rise, criminologists attempt to explain them with community and neighborhood factors. Early 20th century social disorganization theory suggested that crime was the result of a criminogenic foreign-born class who experienced the effects of strain and economic deprivation. Social disorganization has continued to serve as an explanation for crime in socially diverse neighborhoods.
Violent Crime and Immigration
Some people, in many countries, are concerned that immigrants are violent and engaged in particular types of violent crime. However, there is not a relationship between violent crime and immigration. In most cases, foreign-born persons were not responsible for the communities’ drug and violent crime.
Illegal Immigration and Crime
While there is no connection between immigration and increases in crime, in many countries, citizens believe that immigrants are dangerous. Some immigration policies, in a number of jurisdictions, do not distinguish clearly between the act of being an undocumented immigrant, which is (only) illegal, and crimes committed by immigrants.
Immigration law violations take place, in many jurisdictions, when foreign-born persons overstays their visa or permit, or when foreign-born persons enters surreptitiously the territory of a country.
Crime Victimization and Immigration
In many western nations, immigrants may be less likely to report victimization to the police in the United States for a variety of reasons: language barriers, fear of the police, and fear of deportation.
Immigration, Interpersonal Violence, and Gender Victimization
Many refugees want to start a new life in the western nations to escape from the ordeals that they experience in their homelands: torture, war, and persecutions due to their race, ethnicity, religion, and political orientation. Instability in North Africa and the Middle East further drove forced migrations of people into harm’s way as unscrupulous traffickers warehoused, harmed, and tortured migrants without concern that they would be stopped. (…) refugees are willing to take the risks associated with migration rather than stay in dangerous homelands (e.g., Afghanistan, Libya, Somalia, and Syria) 
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- Immigration and Crime, Frances Bernat
- Opposition to immigration
- Youth bulge
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