Unemployment

Unemployment (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Unemployment means: refers to all people above a specified age who are not in paid employment or self-employed, but are available for work and have taken specific steps to seek paid employment or self-employment. Long-term […]

Uzbekistan

Legal Materials For information on Uzbek law and legal materials, see …

    A Guide to Legal Research in Uzbekistan by Maria S. Stalbovskaya; The Guide to Online Law: Uzbekistan by the Library of Congress; Doing Business in Uzbekistan by Baker & […]

Financial Services

Financial Services and the World Trade Organization Financial Services in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. European Passport and Europe There is an entry on european passport in the European legal encyclopedia. This section provides an overview of financial […]

Public Goods

Global Public Good(s) (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Global Public Good(s) means: a global public good is a good that has the three following properties : 1. It is non-rivalrous. Consumption of this good by anyone does not reduce the quantity available to other agents; 2. It […]

Opinion

Concept of Opinion Note: explore also the meaning of this legal term in the American Ecyclopedia of Law. Embracing mainstream international law, this section on opinion explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here. Opinion and Europe There is an entry on opinion […]

Social Policy

Social Policy (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Social Policy means: legislative, institutional, budgetary support to achieve objectives in the field of human welfare, to protect the interests of socially vulnerable layers of such socially important areas as health, education, […]

Fertility

Fertility (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Fertility means: a woman's reproductive ability, ie the ability of women to bear children in the physiological period, called the fertile age. In demographic statistics taken from the fertile age 15 to 49 years. Total Fertility […]

Cryptography

Cryptography and Encryption Overview of Cryptography and Encryption in relation to cyber crime: [1]There are various methods of encrypting messages depending on the type of communication that is being protected. In general, the more valuable or sensitive the data, the greater or […]

Amendment

Amendment Definition Amendment, in legislation, the alteration of an existing statute. In the United States Although the U.S. Congress has no power to alter the Constitution, it does have the power to repeal and alter laws. The method of amending the Constitution is provided by Article […]

Competition Law

Anti-Dumping and Competition Law and the World Trade Organization Anti-Dumping and Competition Law in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. Competition Law in a Global Context Contents of Competition Law in a Global Context Contents of this subject matter […]

Kosovo

Kosovo in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The Security Council continued to meet in 2011 to consider reports on the United Nations Administration in Kosovo ("UNMIK") and hear briefings by […]

International Law Resources

International Law Resources Research guides Guide to International trade law Sources on the Internet. A helpful overall guide to international agreements, International Organizations , United States government sources, country and regional business guides, and statistics. The site is […]

Causation

Causation Explained References See Also Tort (in international or comparative law) Product Liability (in international or comparative law) Duties (in international or comparative law) References See Also Tort Product Liability Duties Resources See Also Tort Product Liability Duties

June Human Rights Council Resolution

June Human Rights Council Resolution in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On June 17, 2011, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution on "Human rights, sexual orientation and […]

Cluster Munitions

Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons: Negotiation of Ccw Protocol on Cluster Munitions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): During 2011, the United States continued efforts to negotiate a new […]

Federal Law

Federal Law Explained in the United States of America (In the U.S. law) References See Also Contracts (in international or comparative law) Sources (in international or comparative law) Contract Law (in international or comparative law) Resources See Also Contracts Sources Contract Law

Chicken Broiler Products

New Request For Consultations: China—countervailing and Anti-dumping Duties on Chicken Broiler Products From the United States (ds427) in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On September 20, 2011, […]

Trade in Services

The General Agreement on Trade in Services and the World Trade Organization The General Agreement on Trade in Services in relation to the World Trade Organization (WTO) covers several issues. Trade in Services: Preferential Trade Agreements This section provides an overview of trade in […]

Transpacific Passenger Air Transportation Antitrust Litigation

Transpacific Passenger Air Transportation Antitrust Litigation in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On January 21, 2011, the United States filed a statement of interest in the U.S. District Court for […]

Xi Jinping

Note: there is more information on the Asian/Chinese legal Encyclopedia. Notion of of Xi Jinping: Secretary General of the Communist Party of China since November 2012 and President of the PRC since March 2013. As paramount leader of China, Xi has publically campaigned against corruption, […]

Turtle Island

Concept of Turtle Island Turtle Island may be defined as: The original term for North America according to some Indigenous groups, such as the Lenape, Iroquois, and Anishinaabe peoples. See more related entries to Turtle Island in this legal encyclopedia.

Trade Organizations

World Trade Organization (WTO) Notion of of World Trade Organization (WTO): An international organization founded in 1995 to provide conciliation mechanisms to resolve trade conflicts between members and, if necessary, adjudicate disputes. The WTO provides a forum for ongoing negotiations in […]

Territorial Regimes

Cross References of Territorial Regimes and Related Issues in International Law U.S. efforts to counter piracy, information on International Criminal Law in this legal Encyclopedia.B.8. Immunity from attachment of multinational research satellite, information on Privileges and Immunities in […]

Criminal Prosecutions

Criminal Prosecutions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): As discussed in section 3.a., supra, the White House released a fact sheet on March 7, 2011 announcing the resumption of military commission […]

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): In her May 10 address to the Arms Control Association, Ms. Tauscher also discussed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty […]

Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction

Biodiversity Beyond National Jurisdiction in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The fourth meeting of the United Nations General Assembly's informal working group on marine biodiversity in areas […]

Implementation of Un Security Council Resolutions

Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolutions in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On June 9, 2010, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1929, which imposed […]

Judge Role

The Roles of Judge and Jury in American Law Explained References See Also Jury System (in United States law) Judge (in international or comparative law) Jury (in international or comparative law) Resources See Also Jury System Judge Jury

Damage Awards

Damage Awards: Summary In this entry, Damage Awards covers: Civil Damages The Controversial Damage Award System Punitive Damages Punitive Damages Damage Awards: Main Elements The coverage of Damage Awards includes the following main elements: Civil Damages For detailed information on […]

Transnational Crime

Transnational crime From a criminological perspective, the concept of 'transnational crime' originates from the mid-1970s when the United Nations used the term in order to identify certain criminal activities which transcend national jurisdictions. In 1995, the United Nations identified […]