Economic Growth

Futureless Economic Growth (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Futureless Economic Growth means: Futureless growth that is accompanied by a waste of economic and natural resources needed to sustain life for future generations. Ruthless Economic Growth (in the Human Development […]

Ecosystem

Ecosystem (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Ecosystem means: the system of interactions between living organisms and their environment. Resources See Also Economic Development Social development

Adult

Adult Illiteracy Rate (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Adult Illiteracy Rate means: _alculated as 100 minus the adult literacy rate. Mortality Rate, Adult (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Mortality Rate, Adult means: probability per 1,000 that a 15-year-old […]

Economic Rights

Economic Rights, Social Rights, Cultural Rights in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On March 24, 2011, Michael H. Posner, Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, […]

Pollution Control

Cap-and-trade (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Cap-and-trade means: emissions trading is a market-based approach used to control pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants. A central authority (usually a governmental body) […]

Household

Household (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Household means: a small group of people living in the same territory, who join part or all of their income and property, and consume certain types of products and services, notably housing services and food; there are family and […]

Gross Domestic Product

Summary of Gross Domestic Product

The aggregate value, expressed in monetary terms, of all goods and services produced within a national economy during a given time period, usually one year.

(Main Author: William J. Miller)

Gross Domestic Product (gdp) (in the Human Development […]

Income

Income or Consumption, Shares of Income (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Income or Consumption, Shares of Income means: the shares of consumption accruing to subgroups of population indicated by deciles or quintiles, based on national household surveys covering various years. […]

Renewable Resources

Renewable Resources (in the Human Development Area) In this context, Renewable Resources means: the natural resources in biospheric circulation of substances, which capable to self-restoration. Soil, plant and animal life can be considered as the renewable resources. By correct exploitation […]

Taiwan

Note: there is more information on the Asian/Chinese legal Encyclopedia. Notion of of Taiwan: Also known as the Republic of China (ROC). In 1949, after the end of the Chinese Civil War between the Nationalists, led by Chiang Kai-shek, and the Chinese Communist Party, led by Mao Zedong, the […]

Nuclear Fusion

Concept of Nuclear Fusion An introductory definition of Nuclear Fusion is provided here: relies on forcing two hydrogen atoms together, and in the process destroying some extra matter that is converted into energy (called H-bomb) Resources See Also Foregin Policy Foreign Affairs

Un Conflict Prevention

United Nations Peacekeepers' Role in Preventing Conflict in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): See information on Nationality, Citizenship and Immigration in this legal Encyclopedia8.A.1.c.(3). […]

Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe

  Article I 1. Each State Party shall carry out the obligations set forth in this Treaty in accordance with its provisions, including those obligations relating to the following five categories of conventional armed forces: battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat […]

Us Extradition Treaty With Thailand

Criminal Case Implicating the us Extradition Treaty With Thailand in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): See discussion of United States v. Siriwan, in section B.4.d., infra. Resources See Also […]

Head of State Immunity

Head of State Immunity in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On August 29, 2011, the United States submitted a suggestion of immunity of the sitting head of state of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, in the U.S. […]

Enacting the Chemical Weapons Convention

Constitutionality of us Statute Enacting the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): In short, the President's decision, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, […]

Dominican Republic-central America-united States Free Trade Agreement

Dominican Republic-central America-united States Free Trade Agreement ("cafta-dr") in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The text of the CAFTA-DR is available at (internet link) […]

Commitment to Humanitarian Law

Affirmation of us Commitment to Humanitarian Law at Red Cross Conference in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On November 28, 2011, Mr. Koh delivered remarks at the 31st International Conference of […]

International Comity

International Comity in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): The U.S. brief filed in the Second Circuit in Figueiredo (discussed in Section 1 above) also contained an argument that principles of […]

Recognition of South Sudan

Recognition of South Sudan in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On February 7, 2011, after a referendum in which a majority of the people of Southern Sudan voted in favor of independence, the United […]

Special Measures Agreement With Japan

Special Measures Agreement With Japan in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On April 1, 2011, the "Agreement between the United States of America and Japan concerning new special measures relating […]

Interdiction Assistance

Interdiction Assistance in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): During 2011 President Obama again certified, with respect to Colombia (76 Fed. Reg. 53,299 (Aug. 25, 2011)) and Brazil (Daily Comp. Pres. […]

Commerce Department Entity List

Commerce Department Entity List in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): During 2011 the Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security ("BIS"), amended the Export Administration […]

Bargaining

Permissive Subject of Bargaining Permissive Subject of Bargaining in the U.S. Labor Law Note: find out more about this topic in the American legal encyclopedia. Resources See Also Labor Law Resources See Also Voluntary Subject of Bargaining Labor Law Resources See Also Voluntary Subject […]

Global Counterterrorism

Global Counterterrorism Forum in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On September 22, 2011, 29 countries and the European Union launched the Global Counterterrorism Forum ("GCTF"). The United […]

Consular Privileges

Diplomatic and Consular Privileges and Immunities in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On February 24, 2011, the United States filed a statement of interest in the U.S. District Court for the Central […]

Computerization

Overview of Computerization in relation to cyber crime: [1]Growth of computer and IT device users and the Internet also stems from how much easier these technologies are to use. Long gone are the days in which a user needed to understand programming in order to use computers. Originally, […]

International Organizations

Introduction

An International Organization can be defined, following the International Law Commission, as an "organization established by a treaty or other instrument governed by international law and possessing its own international legal […]

Social Capital

Social Capital in Community Policing In this area, a meaning of Social Capital is available: A reservoir of good will between police officers and the community that police officers can draw on when issues arise that concern the community. Resources See Also Further Reading Information […]

Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement

Plutonium Management and Disposition Agreement in 2011 United States views on international law (based on the document "Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law"): On July 13, 2011, Secretary Clinton and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov exchanged diplomatic notes bringing […]