Armed Conflict

International Legal Research

Information about Armed Conflict in free legal resources:

Treaties & Agreements

International Organizations

Jurisprudence $ Commentary

European Union

IP Law

Armed Conflict

Armed Conflict

Embracing mainstream international law, this section on armed conflict explores the context, history and effect of the area of the law covered here.

Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict

In relation to the international law practice and Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict in this world legal Encyclopedia, please see the following section:

Use of Force, Arms Control, Disarmament, Nonproliferation

About this subject:

Use of Force

Under this topic, in the Encyclopedia, find out information on International humanitarian law. Note: there is detailed information and resources, in relation with these topics during the year 2011, covered by the entry, in this law Encyclopedia, about Protection of civilians in armed conflict

Description of Armed Conflict

In this reference work, armed conflict is a sort of the International Law category.


See Also

  • War
  • War
  • War
  • Peace Preservation
  • Breach of the Peace
  • War Crimes
  • Peace
  • International Law

Further Reading

  • The entry “armed conflict” in the Parry and Grant Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law (currently, the Encyclopaedic Dictionary of International Law, 2009), Oxford University Press
  • Arend, A.C., and Beck, R.J. (1993) International Law and the Use of Force. London: Routledge.
  • Baldwin, D.A. (ed.) (1993) Neorealism and Neoliberalism: The Contemporary Debate. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Best, G. (1983) Civilians in Contemporary Wars: War Studies Lecture at King’s College, University of London.
  • Buchanan, A. (2003) Reforming the International Law of Humanitarian Intervention. In J.L. Holzgrefe and R.O. Keohane (eds.) Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal, and Political Dilemmas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 130–73.
  • Buzan, B. (2001) Who May We Bomb? Prospect 69, 38–41.
  • Byers, M., and Chesterman, S. (2003) Changing the Rules about Rules? Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention and the Future of International Law. In J.L. Holzgrefe, and R.O. Keohane (eds.) Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal, and Political Dilemmas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 177–203.
  • Carr, E.H. (1964) The Twenty Years’ Crisis 1919–1939. New York: Harper and Row.
  • Chayes, A. (1974) The Cuban Missile Crisis. London: Oxford University Press.
  • de Nevers, R. (2006) Modernizing the Geneva Conventions. Washington Quarterly 29 (2), 99–113.
  • Desch, M.C. (2003) It’s Kind to be Cruel: The Humanity of American Realism. Review of International Studies 29 (3), 415–26.
  • Drumbl, M.A. (2003) Self-Defense and the Use of Force: Making the Rules, Breaking the Rules, or Both? International Studies Perspectives 4, 409–31.
  • Englehart, N.A. (2000) Rights and Culture in the Asian Values Argument: The Rise and Fall of Confucian Ethics in Singapore. Human Rights Quarterly 22 (2), 548–68.
  • Finnemore, M. (2003) The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Franck, T.M. (2003) What Happens Now? The United Nations after Iraq. American Journal of International Law 97 (3), 607–20.
  • Glennon, M.J. (2001) Limits of Law, Prerogatives of Power: Interventionism after Kosovo. New York: Palgrave.
  • Goldsmith, J.L., and Posner, E.A. (2005) The Limits of International Law. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Gray, C. (2004) International Law and the Use of Force, 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Henderson, C.M. (2007) Book Reviews: War Law: International Law and Armed Conflict. Journal of Conflict and Security Law 12, 150–5.
  • Hoffman, B. (2006) Inside Terrorism, rev. exp. edn. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Human Rights Watch (1999) Kosovo Human Rights Flash #33: Civilians at Risk by Yugoslav Use of Civilian Property for Military Purposes (April 30). At, accessed Sept. 23, 2008.
  • Human Rights Watch (2000b) Recommendations to the UNCHR: Chechnya. At, accessed Sept. 23, 2008.
  • Human Rights Watch (2008b) Cluster Bomb Treaty Breaks New Ground. At, accessed July 17, 2008.
  • International Committee of the Red Cross (1987) Commentary on the Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949.
  • Jackson, R.H. (1990) Quasi-States: Sovereignty, International Relations, and the Third World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Keck, M.E., and Sikkink, K. (1998) Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Kennedy, D. (2006) Of War and Law. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Kocs, S.A. (1994) Explaining the Strategic Behavior of States: International Law as System Structure. International Studies Quarterly 38 (4), 535–56.
  • Mearsheimer, J.J. (1995) The False Promise of International Institutions. International Security 19 (3), 5–49.
  • Olson, W.C., and Groom, A.J.R. (1991) International Relations Then and Now: Origins and Trends in Interpretation. London: HarperCollins.
  • Price, R. (1998) Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Land Mines. International Organization 52 (3), 613–44.
  • Reisman, W.M. (2003) Assessing Claims to Revise the Laws of War. American Journal of International Law 97 (1), 82–90.
  • Reus-Smit, C. (ed.) (2004) The Politics of International Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Roberts, A. (2003) Law and the Use of Force after Iraq. Survival 45 (2), 31–56.
  • Shaw, M.N. (2003) International Law, 5th edn. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Slaughter, A.-M. (1995) International Law in a World of Liberal States. European Journal of International Law 6, 503–38.
  • Smith, T.W. (2002) The New Law of War: Legitimizing Hi-Tech and Infrastructural Violence. International Studies Quarterly 46 (3), 355–74.
  • Sofaer, A.D. (2003) On the Necessity of Preemption. European Journal of International Law 14 (2), 209–26.
  • Stahn, C. (2007) Responsibility to Protect: Political Rhetoric or Emerging Legal Norm? American Journal of International Law 101, 99–120.
  • Stromseth, J.E. (2006) New Paradigms for the Jus ad Bellum? George Washington International Law Review.
  • Tesón, F. (2003) The Liberal Case for Humanitarian Intervention. In Holzgrefe, J.L., and Keohane, R.O. (eds.) Humanitarian Intervention: Ethical, Legal, and Political Dilemmas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 93–129.
  • Thomas, W. (2006) Victory by Duress: Civilian Infrastructure as a Target in Air Campaigns. Security Studies 15 (2), 1–33.
  • Wedgwood, R. (2007) What Kind of War Are We Fighting, and Can We Win It? Commentary Online.
  • Welch, D.A. (1993) Justice and the Genesis of War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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