Expropriation is the forced assumption of ownership of private property by a government, often without fair compensation. Nationalization is expropriation by a national government.
For information on:
* history of expropriation, see Nationalization
* expropriation against Native Americans, see Native Law in the U.S.
* expropriation for the purpose of land reform, see The Regime of Paz Estenssoro
* expropriation of industry and natural resources, see Mexican Revolution; Mohammad Mossadegh; Suez Canal: Nationalization
* appropriation by due process of law, with compensation, see Eminent Domain
Main Source: Expropriation, Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia 2000
Summary of Expropriation
The seizure of private property by the state. Most countries have legal provisions empowering state agencies to take private property for public purpose, usually upon payment of suitable compensation. In Anglo-American usage, this practice is known as eminent domain. Expropriation differs from eminent domain, in international usage, as an arbitrary act, often motivated by political objectives, and rarely providing for compensation reflective of the property seized. See Act Of State Doctrine.
(Main Author: William J. Miller)
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This entry was last modified: December 1, 2013